New York Metropolitan Flora

Family: Orchidaceae

Cypripedium

Cypripedium

Photo by Gerry Moore

By Science Staff

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 04/08/2013

List of Orchidaceae Genera

References to Orchidaceae

  • Adams, M. S. 1970. Adaptations of Aplectrum hyemale to the environment: effects of preconditioning temperature on net photosythesis. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 97: 219-224.
  • Ames, O. 1935. Nomenclatural studies in Malaxis and Spiranthes. Bot. Mus. Leafl. 3: 113-133.
  • Antlfinger, A. E.; Wendel, L. F. 1997. Reproductive effort and floral photosynthesis in Spiranthes cernua (Orchidaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 84: 769-780.
  • Argue, C. L. 1994. Pollination notes on Minnesota orchids: The lady's-slippers. Minnesota Plant Press 13: 1-3.
  • Auclair, A. N. 1972. Comparative ecology of the orchids Aplectrum hyemale and Orchis spectabilis. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 99: 1-10.
  • Barrett, S. C. H.; Helenurm, K. 1987. The reproductive biology of boreal forest herbs I. Breeding systems and pollination. Canad. J. Bot. 65: 2036-2046.
  • Bateman, R. M. et.al. 2003. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution of Orchidinae and selected Habenariinae (Orchidaceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 142: 1-40.
  • Bateman, R. M. et.al. 1997. Phylogenetics of subtribe Orchidinae (Orchidoideae, Orchidaceae) based on nuclear ITS sequences. 2. Infrageneric relationships and reclassification to achieve monophyly of Orchis sensu stricto. Lindleyana 12: 113-141.
  • Boland, J. T.; Scott, P. J. 1991. Ecological aspects of Arethusa bulbosa Calopogon tuberosus and Pogonia ophioglossoides (Orchidaceae) in eastern Newfoundland Canada I. Flowering and fruiting patterns. Rhodora 93: 248-255.
  • Boland, J. T.; Scott, P. J. 1992. Ecological aspects of Arethusa bulbosa Calopogon tuberosus and Pogonia ophioglossoides (Orchidaceae) in eastern Newfoundland: II. Partitioning of the microhabitat. Rhodora 94: 374-380.
  • Bowles, M. et.al. 2005. Relationships between soil characteristics, distribution and restoration potential of the federal threatened eastern prairie fringed orchid, Plantanthera leucophaea (Nutt.) Lindl. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 154: 273-285.
  • Brackley, F. E. 1955. The orchids of New Hampshire. Rhodora 87: 1-117.
  • Brandenburg, D. M.; Thieret, J. W. 2003. Epipactis helleborine (Orchidaceae) in Kentucky, with overview of literature on biology of the species. J. Kentucky Acad. Sci. 64: 55-74.
  • Brown, C. J.; Scott, P. J. 1997. Environmental parameters influencing the distribution of Platanthera blephariglottis and Platanthera clavellata (Orchidaceae) in peatlands on the Avalon Peninsula, Newfoundland. Canad. J. Bot. 75: 974-980.
  • Brown, P. M. 2003. The wild orchids of North America, north of Mexico. Univ. Press of Florida, Gainesville, FL. , 256 pages. (ISBN 0813025729; For review see Pl. Syst. Evol. 247:258.)
  • Brown, P. M. 2007. Wild orchids of the northeastern United States: New England, New York, Pennsylvania and New Jersey. ed. Univ. Press of Florida, Gainesville, FL. , 367 pages. (For review see J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 135:296. 2008.)
  • Brown, P. M. 2008. Platanthera pallida, fifteen years of comparisons. N. Amer. Native Orchid J. 14: 123-134.
  • Brown, P. M. 1992. Platanthera pallida, new species (Orchidaceae), of fringed orchis from Long Island, New York, USA. Novon 2: 308-311.
  • Brumback, W. E. et.al. 2011. Response of an Isotria medeoloides population to canopy thinning. Northeastern Naturalist 18: 185-196.
  • Cameron, D. D. et.al. 2009. The chlorophyll-containing orchid Corallorhiza trifida derives little carbon through photosynthesis. New Phyt. 183: 358-364.
  • Cameron, K. M. 2005. Leave it to the leaves: a molecular phylogenetic study of Malaxideae (Epidendroideae, Orchidaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 92: 1025-1032.
  • Cameron, K. M. et.al. 1999. A phylogentic analysis of the Orchidaceae: evidence from rbcL nucleotide sequences. Amer. J. Bot. 86: 208-224.
  • Cameron, K. M.; Chase, M. W. 1999. Phylogenetic relationships of Pogoniinae (Vanilloideae, Orchidaceae): An herbaceous example of the eastern North America-eastern Asia phytogeographic disjunction. J. Pl. Res. 112: 317-329.
  • Carpenter, G. M. 1959. A color variant of Habenaria cristata. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 86: 137-138.
  • Case, F. W. 1987. Orchids of the Western Great Lakes region. ed. Cranbrook Inst. Sci., Bloomfield Hills, Mich..
  • Case, F. W. 1993. The genus Spiranthes in Michigan. Michigan Bot. 22: 79-92.
  • Catling, P. M. 1991. Systematics of Malaxis bayardii and M. uniflora. Lindleyana 6: 3-23.
  • Catling, P. M. 1981. Taxonomy of autumn-flowering Spiranthes species of southern Nova Scotia. Canad. J. Bot. 59: 1253-1270.
  • Catling, P. M. 1982. Breeding systems of northeastern North American Spiranthes taxa (Orchidaceae). Canad. J. Bot. 60: 3017-3039.
  • Catling, P. M. 1984. A re-evaluation of Spiranthes x steigeri. Rhodora 86: 469-473.
  • Catling, P. M. 1983. Autogamy in eastern Canadian Orchidaceae a review of current knowledge ands some observations. Nat. Canad. 110: 37-54.
  • Catling, P. M.; Brown, J. R. 1983. Morphometrics and ecological isolation in sympatric Spiranthes Orchidaceae in southwestern Ontario Canada. Canad. J. Bot. 61: 2747-2759.
  • Catling, P. M.; Brownell, V. R. 1999. Platanthera lacera x leucophaea, a new cryptic natural hybrid, and a key to northeastern North American fringed-orchids. Canad. J. Bot. 77: 1144-1149.
  • Catling, P. M.; Catling, V. R. 1991. Anther-cap retention in Tipularia discolor. Lindleyana 6: 113-116.
  • Chapman, W. K. 1996. Orchids of the Northeast: a field guide. Syracuse Univ. Press, Syracuse, NY. , 200 pages. (ISBN 0-8156-2697-5 (HB), 0-8156-0342-8 (PB).)
  • Chester, E. W.; Wofford, B. E.; McKinney, L. E.; Campbell, D. 1996. Rare and noteworthy vascular plants from the Fort Campbell Military Reservation, Kentucky and Tennessee. Sida 17: 269-274.
  • Clebsch, E. E. C.; Walker, G. L.; Wofford, B. E. 1989. Noteworthy collections, Tennessee. Castanea 54: 48-50.
  • Cole, F. R.; Firmage, D. H. 1984. The floral ecology of Platanthera blephariglottis. Amer. J. Bot. 71: 700-710.
  • Correll, D. S. 1950. Native Orchids of North America. Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA.
  • Cox, A. V. et.al. 1997. Phylogenetics of the slipper orchids (Cypripedioideae, Orchidaceae): Nuclear rDNA ITS sequences. Pl. Syst. Evol. 208: 197-223.
  • Cox, A. V. et.al. 1998. Genome size and karyotype evolution in the slipper orchids (Cypripedioideae: Orchidaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 85: 681-687.
  • Cribb, P. J. 1997. The genus Cypripedium. Timber Press, Portland, OR. , 301 pages. (ISBN 0881924032)
  • Curtis, J. T. 1954. Annual fluctuation in rate of flowering production bt native Cypripediums during two decades. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 81: 340-352.
  • Denslow, H. M. 1924. Native orchids of Manhattan Island. J. New York Bot. Gard. 25: 290-293.
  • Dieringer, G. 1982. The pollination ecology of Orchis spectabilis Orchidaceae. Ohio J. Science 82: 218-225.
  • Dressler, R. L. 1981. The Orchids. Natural Histroy and Classification. Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge, MA.
  • Dueck, L. A. et.al. 2005. Genetic discrimination of Spiranthes cernua species complex in South Carolina. Selbyana 26: 145-154.
  • Eames, E. H. 1916. Some varieties and forms of Connecticut plants. Rhodora 18: 239-240.
  • Edens-Meier, R. M. et.al. 2010. Pollen-pistil interactions in North American and Chinese Cypripedium L. (Orchidaceae). Int. J. Plant Sci. 171: 370-381.
  • Fernald, M. L. 1911. A botanical expedition to Newfoundland and southern Labrador. Rhodora 13: 109-62.
  • Firmage, D. H.; Cole, F. R. 1988. Reproductive success and inflorescence size of Calopogon tuberosus Orchidaceae. Amer. J. Bot. 75: 1371-1377.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 2002. Flora of North America. Volume 26. Liliales and Orchidales. Oxford Univ. Press, New York. , 723 pages. (ISBN 0195152085)
  • Freudenstein, J. V. 1994. Character transformation and relationships in Corallorhiza (Orchidaceae: Epidendroideae): II. Morphological variation and phylogenetic analysis. Amer. J. Bot. 81: 1458-1467.
  • Freudenstein, J. V. 1994. Gynostemium structure and relationships of the Corallorhizinae (Orchidaceae: Epidendroideae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 193: 1-19.
  • Freudenstein, J. V. 1996. Proposal to conserve the name Corallorhiza Gagnebin (Orchidaceae) with a conserved spelling. Taxon 45: 695-696.
  • Freudenstein, J. V. 1997. Sectile pollinia and relationships in the Orchidaceae. Pl. Syst. Evol. 205: 125-146.
  • Freudenstein, J. V. 1997. A monograph of Corallorhiza (Orchidaceae). Harvard Papers in Botany 1: 5-51.
  • Freudenstein, J. V. et.al. 2004. An expanded plastid DNA phylogeny of Orchidaceae and analysis of jackknife branch support strategy. Amer. J. Bot. 91: 149-157.
  • Freudenstein, J. V.; Doyle, J. J. 1994. Plastid DNA, morphological variation, and the phylogenetic species concept: The Corallorhiza maculata (Orchidaceae) complex. Syst. Bot. 19: 273-290.
  • Freudenstein, J. V.; Senyo, D. M. 2008. Relationships and evolution of matK in a group of leafless orchids (Corallorhiza and Corallorhizinae; Orchidaceae: Epidendroideae). Amer. J. Bot. 95: 498-505.
  • Goldman, D. H. 2000. Systematics of Calopogon and the tribe Arethuseae (Orchidaceae). Ph.D. Dissertation University of Texas, Austin, TX,
  • Goldman, D. H. et.al. 2004. Molecular and cytological examination of Calopogon (Orchidaceae, Epinendroideae): circumscription, phylogeny, polyploidy, and possible hybrid speciation. Amer. J. Bot. 91: 707-723.
  • Goldman, D. H. et.al. 2004. Morphometric circumscription of species and infraspecific taxa in Calopogon R.Br. (Orchidaceae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 247: 37-60.
  • Goldman, D. H. et.al. 2001. Phylogenetics of Arthuseae (Orchidaceae) based on plastid matK and rbcL sequences. Syst. Bot. 26: 670-695.
  • Gregg, K. B. 2004. Recovery of showy lady's slippers (Cypripedium reginae Walter) from moderate and severe herbivory by white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus Zimmerman). Natural Areas Journal 24: 232-241.
  • Hapeman, J. R. 1997. Pollination and floral biology of Platanthera peramoena (Orchidaceae). Lindleyana 12: 19-25.
  • Helenurm, K.; Barrett, S. C. H. 1987. The reproductive biology of boreal forest herbs II. Phenology of flowering and fruiting. Canad. J. Bot. 65: 2047-2056.
  • Henry, L. K. et.al. 1975. Western Pennylvania orchids. Castanea 40: 93-168.
  • Hogan, K. P. 1983. The pollination biology and breeding system of Aplectrum hyemale Orchidaceae. Canad. J. Bot. 61: 1906-1910.
  • Hollick, A. 1928. Isotria vereticillata on Staten Island, New York. Torreya 28: 69-70.
  • Huntsman, G. R.; Kelly, F. L. 1971. New distribution records for three vascular plants- Cypripedium acaule, Acer negundo, and Silene virginica- in eastern North Carolina. J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 87: 174.
  • Kalbfleisch, A. S. 1898. Orchids on Long Island. Pl. World 1: 177-9.
  • Kallunki, J. A. 1976. Population studies in Goodyera (Orchidaceae) with emphasis on the hybrid origin of G. tesselata. Brittonia 28: 53-75.
  • Kapoor, B. M. et.al. 1987. Annotated list of the chromosome numbers of the vascular flora of northeastern America V. Naturaliste Canad. 114: 105-116.
  • Keenan, P. E. 1986. New stations for Platanthera flava and Triphora trianthophora and other observations. Rhodora 88: 409-412.
  • Keenan, P. E. 1990. Documentation of longevity of Goodyera pubescens leaves and update on Triphora trianthophora in New Hampshire USA. Rhodora 92: 126-128.
  • Keenan, P. E. 1992. A new form of Triphora trianthophora (Swartz) Rydberg and part 3 of observations on the ecology of Triphora trianthophora Orchidaceae in New Hampshire. Rhodora 94: 38-42.
  • Kery, M.; Gregg, K. B. 2004. Demographic analysis of dormancy and survival in the terrestrial orchid Cypripedium reginae. J. Ecol. 92: 686-695.
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  • Mehrhoff, L. A. 1983. Pollination in the genus Isotria (Orchidaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 70: 1444-1453.
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