New York Metropolitan Flora

Family: Amaranthaceae

By Science Staff

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 04/29/2013

List of Amaranthaceae Genera

References to Amaranthaceae

  • Anonymous 1996. New site found for rare beach plant. The Nature Conservancy, Long Island Chapter Newsletter Spring 1996: 3.
  • Baskin, J. M.; Baskin, C. C. 1998. Seed dormancy and germination in the rare plant species Amaranthus pumilus. Castanea 63: 493-494.
  • Blake, S. F. 1956. Froelichia gracilis in Maryland. Rhodora 58: 35-38.
  • Blazich, F. A. 2005. Seed germination of seabeach amaranth (Amaranthus pumilis) as influenced by stratification, temperature, and light. J. Environ. Hort. 23: 33-36.
  • Borsch, T. 1998. Pollen types in the Amaranthaceae. Morphology and evolutionary significance. Grana 37: 129-142.
  • Bram, M. R. 2002. Effects of inbreeding in three populations of the dioecious annual Amaranthus cannabinus (Amaranthaceae). J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 129: 298-310.
  • Bram, M. R.; Quinn, J. A. 2000. Sex expression, sex-specific traits, and the effects of salinity on growth and reproduction of Amaranthus cannabinus (Amaranthaceae), a dioecous annual. Amer. J. Bot. 87: 1609-1618.
  • Clemants, Steven E. 1992. Chenopodiaceae and Amaranthaceae of New York State. New York State Museum, Albany, NY. (Bulletin 485)
  • Costea, M. 2001. Notes on some little known Amaranthus taxa (Amaranthaceae) in the United States. Sida 19: 975-992.
  • Costea, M. 2001. Preliminary results toward a revision of the Amaranthus hybridus species complex (Amaranthaceae) in the United States. Sida 19: 931-974.
  • Costea, M.; DeMason, D. A. 2001. Stem morphology and anatomy in Amaranthus L. (Amaranthaceae)- taxonomic significance. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 128: 254-281.
  • Costea, M.; Tardif, F. J. 2003. The bracteoles in Amaranthus (Amaranthaceae): their morphology, structure, function, and taxonomic significance. Sida 20: 969-985.
  • Costea, M.; Tardif, F. J. 2003. The name of the amaranth: histories of meaning. Sida 20: 1073-1083.
  • Egler, F. E. 1990. High-temperature effects on germination and survival of weed seeds in soil. Weed Science 38: 429-435.
  • Ehleringer, J. 1983. Ecophysiology of Amaranthus palmeri, a Sonoran Desert summer annual. Oecologia 57: 107-112.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 2003. Flora of North America, Volume 4. Magnoliophyta: Caryophyllidae, part 1. Oxford Univ. Press, New York. , 559 pages.
  • Ghorbani, R. 1999. Effects of environmental factors on germination and emergence of Amaranthus retroflexus. Weed Science 47: 505-510.
  • Grant, W. F. 1962. Speciation and nomenclature in the genus Celosia. Canad. J. Bot. 40: 1355-1363.
  • Guo, P.; Kassim, A. 2003. Temperature effects on germination and growth of redroot pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus), Palmer amaranth (A. palmeri), and common waterhemp (A. rudis). Weed Science 51: 869-875.
  • Hancock, T. E.; Hosier, P. E. 2003. Ecology of the threatened species Amaranthus pumilis Rafinesque. Castanea 68: 236-244.
  • Kadereit, G. 2003. Phylogeny of Amaranthaceae and Chenopodiaceae and the evolution of C4 photosynthesis. Int. J. Plant Sci. 164: 959-986.
  • Lamont, E. E.; Fitzgerald, J. M. 2001. Noteworthy plants reported from the Torrey Range- 2000. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 128: 409-414.
  • Leck, M. A. 1996. Germination of macrophytes from a Delaware River tidal freshwater wetland. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 123: 48-67.
  • Leck, M. A.; Simpson, R. L. 1993. Seeds and seedlings of the Hamilton marshes, a Delaware river tidal freshwater wetland. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 144: 267-81.
  • Leon, R. G. 2004. Effect of temperature on the germination of common waterhemp (Amaranthus tuberculatus), giant foxtail (Setaria faberi), and velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti). Weed Science 52: 67-73.
  • Macklin, J. A. 2005. Typification of seabeach amaranth, Amaranthus pumilus (Amaranthaceae). Brittonia 57: 273-275.
  • McAvoy, W. A. 2002. Amaranthus pumilus Raf. (Seabeach Amaranth, Amaranthaceae) rediscovered in Sussex County, Delaware. Bartonia 61: 147-148.
  • McCauley, R. A. 2002. Systematics of the genus Froelichia in North America (Amaranthaceae subfamily Gomphrenoideae). Ph.D. Thesis Ohio Univ., Athens, OH,
  • McCauley, R. A.; Ballard, H. E. 2007. Systematics of North American Froelichia (Amaranthaceae subfam. Gomphrenoideae) I: Identification of consistent morphological variation and segregation of species complexes. Brittonia 59: 255-274.
  • McCauley, R. A.; Ballard, H. E. 2007. Systematics of North American Froelichia (Amaranthaceae subfam. Gomphrenoideae) II: Phylogeny and biogeographic speciation patterns inferred from nrITS sequence data. Brittonia 59: 275-289.
  • McCauley, R. A.; Snyder, D. 2004. New taxa and a new combination in the North American species of Froelichia (Amaranthaceae). Syst. Bot. 29: 64-76.
  • McWilliams, E. L. 1968. Variation in seed weight and germination in populations of Amaranthus retroflexus L. Ecology 49: 290-296.
  • Mears, J. A. 1977. The nomenclature and type collections of the widespread taxa of Alternanthera (Amaranthaceae). Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 129: 1-21.
  • Mears, J. A. 1980. The Linnaean species of Gomphrena L. (Amaranthaceae). Taxon 29: 85-95.
  • Mitich, L. W. 1997. Redroot pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus). Weed Technol. 11: 199-202.
  • Mosyakin, S. L.; Robertson, K. R. 1996. New infrageneric taxa and combinations in Amaranthus L. (Amaranthaceae). Ann. Bot. Fenn. 33: 275-281.
  • Muller, K.; Borsch, T. 2005. Phylogenetics of Amaranthaceae based on matK/trnK sequence data- evidence from parsimony, likelihid, and Bayesian analyses. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 92: 66-102.
  • Myers, J. A. 2004. Seed dispersal by white-tailed deer: implications for long-distance dispersal, invasion, and migration of plants in eastern North America. Oecologia 139: 35-44.
  • Norden, D. S. 2007. Seed germination of seabeach amaranth (Amaranthus pumilus) in response to temperature, light, and gibberellin A3 treatments. J. Environ. Hort. 25: 105-108.
  • Okusanya, O. T. 1980. Germination and growth of Celosia cristata L., under various light and temperature regimes.
  • Pratt, D. B.; Clark, L. G. 2001. Amaranthus rudis and A. tuberculatus: one species or two? J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 128: 282-296.
  • Pratt, D. B.; Clark, L. G. 2010. Occurrence of anisophylly and anisoclady within the Amaranthaceae. J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 4: 271-279.
  • Quinn, J. A. 1974. Convolvulus sepium in old field succession on the New Jersey Piedmont. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 101: 89-95. (also germination of Amaranthus, Digitaria, & Triticum discussed)
  • Quinn, J. A.; Bram, M. R.; Taylor, T. E. 2000. Female resource allocation in response to pollen availability in plants from freshwater and salt marsh populations of Amaranthus cannabinus. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 127: 83-86.
  • Robertson, K. R. 1981. The genera of Amaranthaceae in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor 62: 267-314.
  • Sauer, J. 1967. The grain amaranths and their relatives: a revised taxonomic and geographic survey. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 54: 103-137.
  • Sauer, J. 1955. Revision of the dioecious amaranths. Madrono 13: 5-46.
  • Sellars, J. D.; Jolls, C. L. 2007. Habitat modeling for Amaranthus pumilus: an application of light detection and ranging (LIDAR) data. J. Coastal Res. 23: 1193-1202.
  • Sprague, T. A. 1928. The correct spelling of certain generic names. II. Kew Bull. 1928: 285-96.
  • Standley, P. C. 1917. Amaranthaceae. North American Flora 21: 95-169.
  • Standley, P. C. 1915. The North American tribes and genera of Amaranthaceae. J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 5: 391-396.
  • Steckel, L. E. 2004. Temperature effects on germination of nine Amaranthus species. Weed Science 52: 217-221.
  • Steckel, L. E. 2003. Effects of shading on common waterhemp (Amaranthus rudis) growth and development. Weed Science 51: 898-903.
  • Steinau, A. N. 2003. Mechanism of extreme genetic recombination in weedy Amaranthus hybrids. Weed Science 51: 696-701.
  • Thomas, W. E. 2006. Influence of environmental factors on slender amaranth (Amaranthus viridis) germination. Weed Science 54: 316-320.
  • Uline, E. B.; Bray, W. L. 1894. A preliminary synopsis of the North American species of Amaranthus. Bot. Gaz. 19: 267-273, 313-320.
  • Wetzel, D. K. 1999. Use of PCR-based molecular markers to identify weedy Amaranthus species. Weed Science 47: 518-523.
  • Young, S. 1998. Seabeach amaranth: increased numbers again in 1998. New York Flora Association Newsletter 9: 5.