New York Metropolitan Flora

Family: Styracaceae

Halesia carolina
Halesia carolina   L.  -  Silverbells
Photo © by Brooklyn Botanic Garden
Taken by G. A. Kalmbacher, 1975.

By Science Staff

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 02/22/2012

Key to the genera of Styracaceae

1. Pith white, chambered; flowers 4-merous, petals united; fruit winged...Halesia
1. Pith green, continuous; flowers 5-merous, petals free; fruit not winged...Styrax

List of Styracaceae Genera

References to Styracaceae

  • Boynton, K. R. 1922. Styrax japonica. Addisonia 7: 13.
  • Britton, Nathaniel L. 1893. The generic name of the silverbell trees. Gard. & Forest 6: 463.
  • Britton, Nathaniel L. 1893. The use of the generic name Halesia. Gard. & Forest 6: 433-4.
  • Chester, E. W. 1966. A biosystematic study of the genus Halesia Ellis (Styracaceae). Ph.D. Dissertation Univ. Tennessee, Knoxville,
  • Chester, E. W. 1967. Halesia carolina L. in Kentucky, Indiana and Ohio. Rhodora 69: 380-2.
  • Dickison, W. C. 1993. Floral anatomy of the Styracaceae, including observations on intra-ovarian trichomes. J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 112(3): 223-55.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 2009. Flora of North America. Volume 8. Magnoliophyta: Paeoniaceae to Ericaceae. Oxford Univ. Press, New York. , 585 pages. (ISBN 9780195340266)
  • Fritsch, P. W. 1999. Phylogeny of Styrax based on morphological characters, with implications for biogeography and infrageneric classification. Syst. Bot. 24: 356-378.
  • Fritsch, P. W.; Lucas, S. D. 2000. Clinal variation in the Halesia carolina complex (Styracaceae). Syst. Bot. 25: 197-210.
  • Giersbach, J.; Barton, L. V. 1932. Germination of seeds of the silverbell, Halesia carolina. Contr. Boyce Thompson Inst. Pl. Res. 4: 27-37.
  • Godfrey, R. K. 1958. Some identities in Halesia (Styracaceae). Rhodora 60: 86-8.
  • Gonsoulin, G. J. 1974. A revision of Styrax (Styracaeae) in North America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Sida 5(4): 191-258. (Ref. in Diss. Abstr. Int., B, 32(11):6243. 1972.)
  • Liang, Y. H.; Yu, C. H. 1985. Pollen morphology of Styracaceae and its taxonomic significance. Acta Phytotax. Sin. 23(2): 81-90. (In Chinese; English summary)
  • Little, E. L. 1944. Nomina conservanda proposals for ten genera of trees and shrubs. Madrono 7: 240-51.
  • Nicolson, D. H.; Steyskal, G. C. 1976. The masculine gender of the generic name Styrax Linnaeus (Styracaceae). Taxon 25: 581-7.
  • Reveal, J. L.; Seldin, M. J. 1976. On the identity of Halesia carolina L. (Styracaceae). Taxon 25: 123-40.
  • Sargent, C. S. 1894. Mohrodendron. Silva N. Am. 6: 19-24.
  • Sargent, C. S. 1921. Notes on North American trees. VIII. J. Arnold Arbor 2: 164-174.
  • Spongberg, S. A. 1976. Styracaceae hardy in temperate North America. J. Arnold Arbor. 57(1): 54-73.
  • Wood, C. E.; Channell, R. B. 1960. The genera of the Ebenales in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 41: 1-35.