New York Metropolitan Flora

Family: Liliaceae

By Science Staff

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 02/01/2013

List of Liliaceae Genera

References to Liliaceae

  • Adams, R. M.; Dress, W. J. 1982. Nodding Lilium species of eastern North America. Baileya 21: 165-188.
  • Allen, G. A.; Soltis, D. E.; Soltis, P. S. 2003. Phylogeny and biogeography of Erythronium (Liliaceae) inferred from chloroplast matK and nuclear rDNA ITS sequences. Syst. Bot. 28: 512-523.
  • Ambrose, J. D.; Anderson, N. J. F. 1975. Comparative anatomy and morphology of the Melanthioideae (Liliaceae). Ph.D. Dissertation Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY,
  • Anderson, C. E. 1940. Some studies on the floral anatomy of the Liliales. Ph.D. Dissertation Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY,
  • Badawi, A. A.; Elwan, Z. 1986. A taxonomic study of Liliaceae sensu lato. I. & II. Phytologia 60: 201-221.
  • Bailey, P. C. 1958. Differential chromosome segments in eight species of Trillium. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 85: 201-214.
  • Bailey, P. C. 1954. A further study of the chromosome morphology of some species of Trillium. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 81: 68-75.
  • Barnes, D. 1987. Daffodils. Timber Press, Portland, OR. , 176 pages. (ISBN 0-88192-044-4)
  • Barrett, S. C. H. 1982. Breeding systems and flowering phenology of boreal forest herbs. Bot. Soc. Amer., Misc. Publ. 162: 28.
  • Barrett, S. C. H. 1984. Variation in floral sexuality of diclinous Aralia (Araliaceae). Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 71: 278-88. (Also Cornus, Maianthemum, Medeola, & Trientalis)
  • Barrett, S. C. H.; Helenurm, K. 1987. The reproductive biology of boreal forest herbs I. Breeding systems and pollination. Canad. J. Bot. 65: 2036-2046.
  • Baskin, C. C. et.al. 1993. Seed germination ecophysiology of two Zigadenus (Liliaceae) species. Castanea 58: 45-53.
  • Baskin, C. C. et.al. 2001. Morphophysiological dormancy in seeds of Chamaelirium luteum, a long-lived dioecious lily. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 128: 7-15.
  • Berg, R. Y. 1962. Morphology and taxonomic position of Medeola, Liliaceae. 3: 1-55.
  • Blanchard, J. W. 1990. Narcissus: A guide to wild daffodils. Alpine Garden Society, Surrey, UK.
  • Bodkin, N. L. 1978. A revision of North American Melanthium L. (Liliaceae). Ph.D. Dissertation Univ. Maryland, College Park, MD,
  • Boerner, R. E. J. 1986. Seasonal nutrient dynamics, nutrient resorption, and mycorrhizal infection intensity of two perennial forest herbs. Amer. J. Bot. 73: 1249-1257.
  • Bourg, N. A. et.al. 2005. Putting a cart before the search: Successful habitat prediction for a rare forest herb. Ecology 86: 2793-2804.
  • Bowles, E. A. 1985. A handbook of Narcissus. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
  • Burke, D. J. 2008. Effects of Alliaria petiolata (Garlic Mustard; Brassicaceae) on mycorrhizal colonization and community structure in three herbaceous plants in a mixed deciduous forest. Amer. J. Bot. 95: 1416-1425.
  • Bush, B. F. 1927. The species of Polygonatum. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 10: 385-400.
  • Cain, M. L.; Cook, R. E. 1988. Growth in Medeola virginiana clones II. Stochastic simulation of vegetative spread. Amer. J. Bot. 75: 732-738.
  • Carter, A. 1892. Notes on pollination. Bot. Gaz. 17: 19-22.
  • Carter, C. R. 1968. Variations in populations of Clintonia borealis (Ait.) Raf. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 95: 305-309.
  • Clebsch, E. E. C.; Walker, G. L.; Wofford, B. E. 1989. Noteworthy collections, Tennessee. Castanea 54: 48-50.
  • Cook, R. E. 1988. Growth in Medeola virginiana clones I. Field observations. Amer. J. Bot. 75: 725-731.
  • Corbet, S. A. et.al. 1988. Vibratory pollen collection and flower form: bumble-bees on Actinidia, Symphytum, Borago and Polygonatum. Funct. Ecol. 2: 147-155.
  • Crespo, M. B. M. et.al. 1996. Moleculat phylogeny of Leucojum based on ITS sequences. [Abstract]. Amer. J. Bot. 83: 149.
  • Cunliffe-Lister, L. et.al. 1990. On the lectotypification of Erythronium americanum Ker (Liliaceae). Bartonia 56: 13-14.
  • Demars, B. G. 1996. Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal status of spring ephemerals in two Ohio forests. Ohio J. Science 96: 97-99.
  • Farmer, S. B.; Schilling, E. E. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis of Trilliaceae based on morphological and molecular data. Syst. Bot. 27: 674-692.
  • Flinn, M. A.; Pringle, J. K. 1983. Heat tolerance of rhizomes of several understory species. Canad. J. Bot. 61: 452-7.
  • Flinn, M. A.; Wein, R. W. 1988. Regrowth of forest understory species following seasonal burning. Canad. J. Bot. 66: 150-155.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 2002. Flora of North America. Volume 26. Liliales and Orchidales. Oxford Univ. Press, New York. , 723 pages. (ISBN 0195152085)
  • Freman, J. D. 1975. Revision of Trillium subgenus Phyllantherum (Liliaceae). Brittonia 27: 1-62.
  • Garbari, F.; Greuter, W. 1970. On the taxonomy and typification of Muscari Miller (Liliaceae) and allied genera, and on the typification of generic names.
  • Gates, B. N. 1940. Dissemination by ants of the seed of Trillium grandiflorum. Rhodora 42: 194-196.
  • Gates, B. N. 1941. Observations in 1940 on the dissemination by ants of the seeds of Tillium grandiflorum. Rhodora 43: 206-207.
  • Gates, B. N. 1943. Carunculate seed dissemination by ants. Rhodora 45: 438-445.
  • Gates, R. R. 1917. A revision of the genus Polygonatum in North America. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 44: 117-126.
  • Gates, R. R. 1917. A systematic study of the North American genus Trillium, its variability, and its relation to Paris and Medeola. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 4: 43-92.
  • Godt, M. J. W.; Hamrick, J. L.; Bratton, S 1995. Genetic diversity in a threatened wetland species, Helonias bullata. Conserv. Biol. 9: 596-604.
  • Gordon, T. 1989. Survey of historic populations of Helonias bullata in New Jersey--1989.
  • Griffin, S. R.; Barrett, S. C. H. 2004. Post-glacial history of Trillium grandiflorum (Melanthiaceae) in eastern North America: inferences from phylogeography. Amer. J. Bot. 91: 465-473.
  • Griffin, S. R.; Barrett, S. C. H. 2002. Factors affecting low seed: ovule ratios in a spring woodland herb, Trillium grandiflorum (Melanthiaceae). Int. J. Plant Sci. 163: 581-590.
  • Handel, S. N.; Fisch, S. B.; Schatz, G. E. 1981. Ants disperse a majority of herbs in a mesic forest community in New York State. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 108: 430-437.
  • Hayashi, K. 2000. Molecular systematics of Lilium and allied genera (Liliaceae): phylogenetic relationships among Lilium and related genera based on rbcL and matK gene sequence data. Pl. Spec. Biol. 15: 73-93.
  • Hayashi, K. et.al. 1998. Molecular systematics of the genus Uvularia and selected Liliales based on matK and rbcL gene sequence data. Pl. Spec. Biol. 13: 129-146.
  • Hayashi, K. et.al. 2001. Molecular systematics in the genus Clintonia and related taxa based on rcbL and matK gene sequence data. Pl. Spec. Biol. 16: 119-137.
  • Helenurm, K.; Barrett, S. C. H. 1987. The reproductive biology of boreal forest herbs II. Phenology of flowering and fruiting. Canad. J. Bot. 65: 2047-2056.
  • Heus, P. 2003. Propagation protocol for Canada lily, (Lilium canadense). Native Plants J. 4: 107-109.
  • House, H. D. 1921. Nomenclatural notes on certain American plants. I. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 7: 126-35.
  • Huber, H. et.al. 2004. Timing of disturbance changes the balance between growth and survival of parent and offspring ramets in the clonal forest understory herb Uvularia perfoliata. Evolutionary Ecology 18: 521-539.
  • Hull, J. C. 2002. Photosynthetic induction dynamics to sunflecks of four deciduous forest understory herbs with different phenologies. Int. J. Plant Sci. 163: 913-924.
  • Ihara, M. A.; Ihara, K 1978. A biosystematic study on the pedicellate-flowered species of the North American Trillium. (1) Geographical distribution of major groups and their gynoecium norms. J. Geobot. 25: 139-172.
  • Irwin, R. E. 2000. Morphological variations and female reproductive success in two sympatric Trillium species: evidence for phenotypic selection in Trillium erectum and Trillium grandiflorum (Liliaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 87: 205-214.
  • Johnson, R. G. 1969. A taxonomic and floristic study of the Liliaceae and allied families in the southeastern United States. Ph.D. Dissertation West Virginia Univ., Morgantown337 p.
  • Jones, B. 2003. Maximum likelihood inference for seed and pollen dispersal distributions. J. Agric. Biol. Environ. Statistics 8: 170-183.
  • Judd, W. S. 2001. The Asparagaceae in the southeastern United States. Harvard Papers in Botany 6: 223-244.
  • Judd, W. S. 2000. The Hypoxidaceae in the southeastern United States. Harvard Papers in Botany 5: 79-98.
  • Kapoor, B. M. et.al. 1987. Annotated list of the chromosome numbers of the vascular flora of northeastern America V. Naturaliste Canad. 114: 105-116.
  • Kato, H. et.al. 1995. Molecular systematics of the Trilliaceae sensu lato as inferred from rbcL sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 4: 184-193.
  • Kawano, S.; Iltis, H. H. 1964. Cytotaxonomic and geographic notes on Uvularia (Liliaceae). Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 91: 13-23.
  • Kim, S. C.; Lee, N. S. 2007. Generic delimitation and biogeography of Maianthemum and Smilacina (Ruscaceae sensu lato): preliminary results based on partial 3' matK gene and trnK 3' intron sequences of cpDNA. Pl. Syst. Evol. 265: 1-12.
  • Knight, T. M. 2004. The effects of herbivory and pollen limitation on a declining population of Trillium grandiflorum. Ecol. Applic. 14: 915-928.
  • Knight, T. M. 2003. Effects of herbivory and its timing across populations of Trillium grandiflorum (Liliaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 90: 1207-1214.
  • Knight, T. M. 2003. Floral density, pollen limitation, and reproductive success in Trillium grandiflorum. Oecologia 442: 557-563.
  • La Frankie, J. V. 1986. Morphology and taxonomy of the New World species of Maianthemum (Liliaceae). J. Arnold Arbor 67: 371-439.
  • La Frankie, J. V. 1986. Transfer of the species of Smilacina to Maianthemum (Liliaceae). Taxon 35: 584-589.
  • Laidig, K. J. et.al. 2009. Hydrologic regimes associated with Hellonias bullata L. (swamp pink) and the potential impact of simulated water-level reductions. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 136: 221-232.
  • Lapointe, L. et.al. 2010. Impact of growth and carbohydrate reserves on tolerance to simulated herbivory and subsequent recovery in Liliaceae. Amer. J. Bot. 97: 913-924.
  • Lapointe, L.; Lerat, S. 2006. Annual growth of the spring ephemeral Erythronium americanum as a function of temperature and mycorrhizal status. Canad. J. Bot. 84: 39-48.
  • Lazarte, J. E.; Palser, B. F. 1979. Morphology, vascular anatomy and embryology of pistillate and staminate flowers of Asparagus officinalis. Amer. J. Bot. 66: 753-764.
  • Liao, W. J. et.al. 2007. Biogeography and evolution of flower color in Veratrum (Melanthiaceae) through inference of a phylogeny based on multiple DNA markers. Pl. Syst. Evol. 267: 177-190.
  • Macior, L. W. 1978. Pollination ecology of vernal angiosperms. Oikos 30: 452-460.
  • Magnarelli, L. A. 1983. Nectar sugars and caloric reserves in natural populuations of Aedes canadensis and Aedes stimulans Diptera Culicidae. Environmental Entomology 12: 1482-1486.
  • Manning, J. C. et.al. 2009. A molecular phylogeny and a revised classification of Ornithogaloideae (Hyacinthaceae) based on an anlysis of four plastid DNA regions. Taxon 58: 77-107.
  • Mathew, B. 1992. A taxonomic and horticultural review of Erythronium L. (Liliaceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 109: 453-471.
  • Meagher, T. R. 1991. Analysis of paternity within a natural population of Chamaelirium luteum II. Patterns of male reproductive success. Amer. Naturalist 137: 738-752.
  • Meerow, A. W. et.al. 1999. Systematics of Amaryllidaceae based on cladistic analysis of plastid rbcL and trnL-F sequence data. Amer. J. Bot. 86: 1325-1345.
  • Moskowitz, D. 1996. Swamp pink (Helonias bullata): a federally-listed threatened species. Wetland Journal 8: 14-16.
  • Muller, R. N. 1978. The phenology, growth and ecosystem dynamics of Erythronium americanum in the northern hardwood forest. Ecol. Monogr. 48: 1-20.
  • Munson, R. W. 1989. Hemerocallis: The Daylily. Timber Press, Portland, OR. , 160 pages.
  • Myers, J. A. et.al. 2004. Seed dispersal by white-tailed deer: implications for long-distance dispersal, invasion, and migration of plants in eastern North America. Oecologia 139: 35-44.
  • Nishikawa, T. 1999. A molecular phylogeny of Lilium in the internal transcribed spacer region of nuclear ribosomal DNA. J. Molecular Evolution 49: 238-249.
  • Osaloo, S. K. et.al. 1999. Molecular systematics of Trilliaceae I. phylogenetic analyses of Trillium using matK gene sequences. J. Pl. Res. 112: 35-49.
  • Ownbey, M.; Aase, H. C. 1955. Cytotaxonomic studies in Allium. I. The Allium canadense alliance.
  • Ownbey, R. P. 1944. The Liliaceous genus Polygonatum in North America. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 31: 373-413.
  • Palmer, M. 1988. Seasonal pollen flow and progeny diversity in Amianthium muscaetoxicum ecological potential for multiple mating in a self-incompatible hermaphroditic perennial. Oecologia 77: 19-24.
  • Palmer, M. et.al. 1989. Temporal mechanisms influence gender expression and pollen flow within a self-incompatible perennial Amianthium muscaetoxicum Liliaceae. Oecologia 78: 231-236.
  • Paratley, R. D. 1986. Vegetation-environment relations in a conifer swamp in central New York. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 113: 357-371.
  • Parks, C. R. 1963. Yellow erythroniums of the eastern United States. Brittonia 15: 245-259.
  • Pemberton, R. W.; Irving, D. W. 1990. Elaiosomes on weed seeds and the potential for myrmecochory in naturalized plants.
  • Porter, T. C. 1881. Helonias bullata L., in Morris Co., N.J. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 8: 91-2.
  • Rahn, J. E. 1956. A study of the three-dimensional configurations of sporogenous cells in the anthers of Trillium erectum L. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 83: 355-376.
  • Redmond, A. M. et.al. 1989. The effects of pollination distance on seed productionin three populations of Amianthium muscaetoxicum Liliaceae. Oecologia 79: 260-264.
  • Reveal, J. L. 1993. Streptopus lanceolatus, new name (Aiton) Reveal, a new name for Streptopus roseus Michx. (Convallariaceae). Phytologia 74: 185-189.
  • Rick, C. M.; Hanna, G. C. 1943. Determination of sex in Asparagus officinalis L. Amer. J. Bot. 30: 711-714.
  • Robbins, W. W.; Borthwick, H. A. 1925. Development of the seed of Asparagus officinalis. Bot. Gaz. 80: 426-438.
  • Robertson, C. 1892. Flowers and insects. VII. Bot. Gaz. 17: 65-71.
  • Robertson, C. 1896. Flowers and insects. XVI. Bot. Gaz. 21: 266-274.
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  • Routhier, M. C.; Lapointe, L. 2002. Impact of tree leaf phenology on growth rates and reproduction in the spring flowering species Trillium erectum (Liliaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 89: 500-505.
  • Ruhren, S.; Handel, S. N. 2003. Herbivory constrains survival, reproduction and mutualisms when restoring nine temperate forest herbs. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 130: 34-42.
  • Schmid, W. G. 1991. The genus Hosta. Timber Press, Portland, OR. , 428 pages. (ISBN 0881922013)
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  • Sterling, C. 1982. Comparative morphology of the carpel in the Liliaceae Veratreae. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 84: 57-78.
  • Stern, F. C. 1956. Snowdrops and snowflakes- a study of the genera Galanthus and Leucojum. Royal Horticultural Society, London. , 128 pages.
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  • Streveler, B. E. 1966. A taxonomic study of the genus Convallaria (Liliaceae). M.S. Thesis Univ. Wisconsin, Madison,
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  • Tessier, J. T. 2008. Leaf habit, phenology, and longevity of 11 forest understory plant species in Algonquin State Forest, northwest Connecticut, USA. Botany 86: 457-465.
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  • Utech, F. H. 1975. Biosystematic studies in Clintonia (Liliaceae: Polygonatae) III. Cytogeography, chromosome numbers and chromosome morphology of the North American species of Clintonia. Cytologia 40: 765-786.
  • Utech, F. H. 1986. Floral morphology and vascular anatomy of Amianthium muscaetoxicum (Walter) A. Gray (Liliaceae-Veratreae) with notes on distribution and taxonomy. Ann. Carnegie Mus. 55: 481-504.
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  • Zomlefer, W. B. 1997. The genera of Melanthiaceae in the southeastern United States. Harvard Papers in Botany 2: 133-177.
  • Zomlefer, W. B. et.al. 2010. (1928) Proposal to conserve the name Veratrum against Melanthium (Melanthiaceae). Taxon 59: 644-645.
  • Zomlefer, W. B. et.al. 2003. An overview of Veratrum s. l. (Liliales: Melanthiaceae) and an infrageneric phylogeny based on ITS sequence data. Syst. Bot. 28: 250-269.
  • Zomlefer, W. B. et.al. 2001. Generic circumscription and relationships in the tribe Melanthieae (Liliales, Melanthiaceae), with emphasis on Zigadenus: evidence from ITS and TRNL-F sequence data. Amer. J. Bot. 88: 1657-1669.
  • Zomlefer, W. B.; Judd, W. H. 2002. Resurrection of segregates of the polyphyletic genus Zigadenus s.l. (Liliales: Melanthiaceae) and resulting new combinations. Novon 12: 299-308.
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