Family: Pontederiaceae

Eichhornia crassipes
Photo by Gerry Moore

By Science Staff

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 03/11/2013

List of Pontederiaceae Genera

References to Pontederiaceae

  • Barrett, S. C. H. 1988. Evolution of breeding systems in Eichhornia (Pontederiaceae): a review. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75: 741-60.
  • Barrett, S. C. H.; Anderson, J. M. 1985. Variation in expression of trimorphic imcompatibility in Pontederia cordata L. (Pontederiaceae). Theor. Appl. Genet. 70: 355-362.
  • Capers, R. S. 2003. Macrophyte colonization in a freshwater tidal wetland (Lyme, CT, USA). Aquatic Botany 77: 325-338.
  • Eckenwalder, J. E.; Barrett, S. C. H. 1986. Phylogenetic systematics of Pontederiaceae. Syst. Bot. 11: 373-391.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 2002. Flora of North America. Volume 26. Liliales and Orchidales. Oxford Univ. Press, New York. , 723 pages. (ISBN 0195152085)
  • Gettys, L. A.; Dumroese, R. K. 2009. Optimum storage and germination conditions for seeds of pickerlweed (Pontederia cordata L.) from Florida. Native Plants J. 10: 4-12.
  • Gopal, B. 1987. Water hyacinth. Aquatic plant studies 1. Elsevier, Amsterdam. , 471 pages.
  • Graham, S. W. 1998. Phylogenetic congruence and discordance among one morphological and three molecular data sets from Pontederiaceae. Syst. Biol. 47: 545-567.
  • Harder, L. D.; Barrett, S. C. H. 1993. Pollen removal from tristylous Pontederia cordata: Effects of anther position and pollinator specialization. Ecology 74: 1059-1072.
  • Haynes, R. R. 1988. Reproductive biology of selected aquatic plants. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75: 805-810.
  • Hazen, T 1918. The trimorphism and insect visitors of Pontederia. Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 17: 459-484.
  • Hellquist, C. B.; Crow, G. E. 1982. Aquatic vascular plants of New England: Part 5. Araceae, Lemnaceae, Xyridaceae, Eriocaulaceae, and Pontederiaceae.
  • Horn, C. N. 1985. A systematic revision of the genus Heteranthera (sensu lato; Pontederiaceae). Ph.D. Dissertation Univ. Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL260 p.
  • Horn, C. N. 1986. Typifications and a new combination in Heteranthera (Pontederiaceae). Phytologia 59: 290.
  • Horn, C. N. 1987. A systematic revision of the genus Heteranthera (sensu lato, Pontederiaceae). Ph.D. Dissertation Univ. Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL,
  • Horn, C. N. 1983. The annual growth of Heteranthera dubia in Ohio. Michigan Bot. 23: 29-34.
  • Horn, C. N. 1988. Developmental heterophylly in the genus Heteranthera Pontederiaceae. Aquatic Botany 31: 197-210.
  • Horn, C. N.; Haynes, R. R. 1987. Typification of Pontederia and its Linnaean species names Pontederiaceae. Taxon 36: 621-625.
  • Knapp, A. K.; Carter, G. A. 1998. Variability in leaf optical properties among 26 species from a broad range of habitats. Amer. J. Bot. 85: 940-946.
  • Kohn, J. R. 1996. Reconstruction of the evolution of reproductive characters in Pontederiaceae using phylogenetic evidence from chloroplast DNA restriction-site variation. Evolution 50: 1454-1469.
  • Leck, M. A. 1996. Germination of macrophytes from a Delaware River tidal freshwater wetland. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 123: 48-67.
  • Lindsey, K; Hirt, H. M. 1999. Use water hyacinth! A practical handbook of uses for the water hyacinth from across the world. Anamed, Winnenden, Germany. , 115 pages.
  • Lowden, R. M. 1973. Revision of the genus Pontederia L. Rhodora 75: 426-487.
  • Mack, R. N. 1991. The commercial seed trade: an early disperser of weeds in the United States. Econ. Bot. 45: 257-273.
  • Mitchell, D. S.; Thomas, P.A. 1972. Ecology of waterweeds in the neotropics, an ecological survey of Eichhornia crassipes and Salvinia species and their natural enemies in the neotopics. Tech. Pap. Hydrology 12: 1-50.
  • Moyle, J. B. 1945. Some chemical factors influencing the distribution of aquatic plants in Minnesota. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 34: 402-420.
  • Nicholson, S. A.; Best, D. G. 1974. Root:shoot and leaf area relationships of macrophyte communities in Chautauqua Lake, New York. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 101: 96-100.
  • Ornduff, R. 1966. The breeding system of Pontederia cordata L. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 93: 407-416.
  • Orth, A. I.; Waddington, K. D. 1997. The movement patterns of carpenter bees Xylocopa micans and bumblebees Bombus pennsylvanicus on Pontederia cordata inflorescences. J. Insect Behavior 10: 79-86.
  • Price, S. D.; Barrett, S. C. H. 1982. Tristyly in Pontederia cordata (Pontederiaceae). Canad. J. Bot. 60: 897-905.
  • Richards, J. H.; Barrett, S. C. H. 1987. Development of tristyly in Pontederia cordata Pontederiaceae I. Mature floral structure and patterns of relative growth of reproductive organs. Amer. J. Bot. 74: 1831-1841.
  • Rosatti, T. J. 1987. The genera of Pontederiaceae in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 68: 35-71.
  • Seago, J. L.; Peterson, C. A.; Enstone, D. E. 2000. Cortical development in roots of the aquatic plant Pontederia cordata (Pontederiaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 87: 1116-1127.
  • Simpson, D.; Sanderson, H. 2002. Eichhornia crassipes: Pontederiaceae. Curtis's Botanical Magazine 19: 28-34.
  • Simpson, M. G. 1987. Pollen ultrastructure of the Pontederiaceae, evidence for exine homology with the Haemodoraceae. Grana 26: 113-126.
  • Snyder, D. B. 1988. Heteranthera multiflora in New Jersey: a first look. Bartonia 54: 21-3.
  • Strange, A.; Rudall, P. J.; Prychid, C. J. 2004. Comparative floral anatomy of Pontederiaceae. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 144: 395-408.
  • Whigham, D. F.; Simpson, R. L. 1982. Germination and dormancy studies of Pontederia cordata L.. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 109: 524-528.
  • Wolfe, L. M.; Barrett, S. C. H. 1987. Pollinator forging behavior and pollen collection on the floral morphs of trisylous Pontederia cordata L. Oecologia 74: 347-351.
  • Wolfe, L. M.; Barrett, S. C. H. 1988. Temporal changes in the pollinator fauna of tristylous Pontederia cordata an aquatic plant. Canad. J. Zoology 66: 1421-1424.
  • Wolverton, B. C.; McDonald, R. C. 1981. Energy from vascular plant wastewater treatment systems. Econ. Bot. 35(2): 224-32.