New York Metropolitan Flora

Family: Polygonaceae

By Science Staff

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 02/06/2013

List of Polygonaceae Genera

References to Polygonaceae

  • Aguilera, A. G. et.al. 2010. Impacts of the invasive plant Fallopia japonica on plant communities and and ecosystem processes. Biological Invasions 12: 1243-1252.
  • Ainsworth, C. et.al. 2005. Intersex inflorescences of Rumex acetosa demonstrate that sex determination is unique to each flower. New Phyt. 165: 711-720.
  • Atha, D. E. et.al. 2010. Persicaria extremiorientalis (Polygonaceae) is established in the flora of the eastern United States of America. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 137: 333-338.
  • Barney, J. N. 2006. North American history of two invasive plant species: phytogeographic distribution, dispersal vectors, and multiple introductions. Biological Invasions 8: 703-717.
  • Baskin, J. M.; Baskin, C. C. 1978. A contribution to the germination ecology of Rumex crispus L. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 105: 278-281.
  • Baskin, J. M.; Baskin, C. C. 1985. Does Seed Dormancy Play a role in the germination ecology of Rumex crispus? Weed Science 33: 340-343.
  • Blake, S. F. 1932. Polygonum caespitosum var. longisetum in the United States. Rhodora 37: 378-413.
  • Brooks, GM; Mertens, T. R. 1972. A biosystematic study of Polygonum ramosissimum and P. tenue. Proc. Indiana Acad. Sci. 81: 277-283.
  • Brown, W. T. et.al. 2001. Volunteer monitoring of nonindigenous invasive plant species in the Adirondack Park, New York, USA. Natural Areas Journal 21: 189-196.
  • Cavender-Bares, J. M. et.al. 1998. Consequences of incongruency in diurnally varying resources for seedlings of Rumex crispus (Polygonaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 85: 1216-1223.
  • Cavers, P. B.; Harper, J. L. 1966. Germination polymorphism in Rumex crispus and Rumex obtusifolius.
  • Chancellor, R. J. 1986. Decline of arable weed seeds during 20 Years in soil under grass and the periodicity of seedling emergence after cultivation.
  • Child, L.; Wade, M. 2000. The Japanese knotweed manual - The management and control of an invasive alien weed. Packard Publ., Chichester, UK. , 123 pages.
  • Cideciyan, M. A.; Malloch, A. J. C. 1982. Effects of seed size on the germination, growth and competitive ability of Rumex crispus and Rumex obtusifolius.
  • Costea, M.; Tardif, F. J. 2003. Polygonum aviculare subsp. rurivagum (Polygonaceae) in North America. Sida 20: 1709-1711.
  • Costea, M.; Tardif, F. J. 2003. Nomenclatural changes in the genus Polygonum section Polygonum (Polygonaceae). Sida 20: 987-997.
  • Decraene, L. P. R.; Hong, S. P.; Smets, E. F. 2000. Systematic significance of fruit morphology and anatomy in tribes Persicarieae and Polygoneae (Polygonaceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 134: 301-337.
  • Dudgeon, W. 1918. Morphology of Rumex crispus.
  • Fassett, N. C. 1949. The variations of Polygonum punctatum. Brittonia 6: 369-393.
  • Fernald, M. L. 1917. The variations of Polygonum pensylvanicum. Rhodora 19: 70-73.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 2005. Flora of North America. Volume 5. Magnoliophyta: Caryophyllidae, part 2. Oxford Univ. Press, New York. , 656 pages. (ISBN 0195222113)
  • Foderaro, M. A.; Ungar, I. A. 1997. Growth and survival of Polygonum aviculare L. at a brine-contaminated site in southeastern Ohio. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 138: 140-152.
  • Forman, J.; Kesseli, R. V. 2003. Sexual reproduction in the invasive species Fallopia japonica (Polygonaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 90: 586-592.
  • Frye, A. S. L.; Kron, K. A. 2003. RbcL Phylogeny and character evolution in Polygonaceae. Syst. Bot. 28: 326-332.
  • Gammon, M. A. et.al. 2007. Molecular and morphological evidence reveals introgression in swarms of the invasive taxa Fallopia japonica, F. sachalinensis, and F. x bohemica (Polygonaceae) in the United States. Amer. J. Bot. 94: 948-956.
  • Gammon, M. A.; Kesseli, R. 2010. Haplotypes of Fallopia introduced into the US. Biological Invasions 12: 421-427.
  • Graham, S. A.; Wood, C. D. 1965. The genera of Polygonaceae in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor 46: 91-121.
  • Grimsby, J. L. et.al. 2007. Genetic diversity and clonal vs. sexual reproduction in Fallopia spp. (Polygonaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 94: 957-964.
  • Grimsby, J. L.; Kesseli, R. 2010. Genetic composition of invasive Japanese knotweed s.l. in the United States. Biological Invasions 12: 1943-1946.
  • Heinken, T. 2000. Dispersal of plants by a dog in a deciduous forest. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 122: 449-467.
  • Heschel, M. S. et.al. 2004. Population differentiation and plastic responses to drought stress in the generalist annual Polygonum persicaria. Int. J. Plant Sci. 165: 817-824.
  • Hollingsworth, M. L. 2000. Evidence for massive clonal growth in the invasive weed Fallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 133: 463-472.
  • Hong, S. P.; Oh, I. C.; Ronse Decraene, L. P. 2005. Pollen morphology of the genera Polygonum s. str. and Polygonella (Polgoneae: Polygonaceae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 254: 13-30.
  • Keddy, P. A.; Constabel, P. 1986. Germination of ten shoreline plants in relation to seed size, soil particle size and water level: an experimental study.
  • Kim, S. T.; Donoghue, M. J. 2008. Molecular phylogeny of Persicaria (Persicarieae, Polygonaceae). Syst. Bot. 33: 77-86.
  • Lamont, E. 2005. Mile-a-minute continues to spread throughout Long Island. Long Island Botanical Society Newsletter 15: 5.
  • Lamont, E. E. 1998. Mile-a-minute (Polygonum perfoliatum) invades Long Island. New York Flora Association Newsletter 9: 4-5.
  • Lamont, E. E.; Fitzgerald, J. M. 2001. Noteworthy plants reported from the Torrey Range- 2000. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 128: 409-414.
  • Lawrey, J. D. 1977. Trace metal accumulation by plant species from a coal strip-mining area in Ohio. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 104: 368-375.
  • Leck, M. A. 1996. Germination of macrophytes from a Delaware River tidal freshwater wetland. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 123: 48-67.
  • Martine, C. T. et.al. 2008. Fifteen woody species with potential for invasiveness in New England. Rhodora 110: 345-353.
  • Maurel, N. et.al. 2010. Does the invasive species Reynoutria japonica have an impact on soil and flora in urban wastelands? Biological Invasions 12: 1709-1719.
  • McHugh, J. M. 2006. A review of literature and field practices focused on management and control of invasive knotweed.
  • Mertens, T. R. 1965. Taxonomy of Polygonum section Polygonum (Avicularia) in North America. Madrono 18: 85-92.
  • Metzger, J. D. 1992. Physiological basis of achene dormancy in Polygonum convolvulus (Polygonaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 79: 882-886.
  • Mitchell, R. S. 1976. Submergence experiments on nine species of semi-aquatic Polygonum. Amer. J. Bot. 63: 1158-1165.
  • Mitchell, R. S. 1968. Variation in the Polygonum amphibium complex and its taxonomic significance. Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 45: 1-65.
  • Mitchell, R. S. 1971. Comparative leaf structure of aquatic Polygonum species. Amer. J. Bot. 58: 342-360.
  • Mitchell, R. S. 1978. Rumex maritimus L. versus R. perisicarioides L. (Polygonaceace) in the Western Hemisphere. Brittonia 30: 293-296.
  • Mitchell, R. S.; Dean, J. K. 1978. Polygonaceae (Buckwheat Family) of New York State. Contr. To a Flora of New York State I. New York State Mus. Bull. 431: 1-end.
  • Moyle, J. B. 1945. Some chemical factors influencing the distribution of aquatic plants in Minnesota. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 34: 402-420.
  • Mueller, M. H. et.al. 2002. The potential role of ducks in wetland seed dispersal. Wetlands 22: 170-178.
  • Murrell, C. et.al. 2011. Invasive knotweed affects native plants through allelopathy. Amer. J. Bot. 98: 38-43.
  • Myers, J. A. et.al. 2004. Seed dispersal by white-tailed deer: implications for long-distance dispersal, invasion, and migration of plants in eastern North America. Oecologia 139: 35-44.
  • O' Donnell, K. L.; Pigliucci, M. 2010. Selection dynamics in native and introduced Persicaria species. Int. J. Plant Sci. 171: 519-528.
  • Park, C. W. 1988. Taxonomy of Polygonum section Echinocaulon. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 47: 1-82.
  • Paterson, A. K. 2000. Range expansion of Polygonum caespitosum var. longisetum in the United States. Bartonia 60: 57-69.
  • Patterson, D. T. 1976. The history and distribution of five exotic weeds in North Carolina. Castanea 41: 177-80.
  • Pemberton, R. W.; Irving, D. W. 1990. Elaiosomes on weed seeds and the potential for myrmecochory in naturalized plants.
  • Penfound, W. T. 1940. The biology of Achyranthes philoxeroides. (Mart.) Standley. Amer. Midl. Nat. 24: 248-252.
  • Rechinger, K. H. 1937. The North American species of Rumex. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 17: 1-151.
  • Reveal, J. L. 1986. Additional comments on Linnaean types of eastern North American plants. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 92: 161-176.
  • Richards, C. L. et.al. 2008. Plasticity in salt tolerance traits allows for invasion of novel habitat by Japanese knotweed s. l. (Fallopia japonica and F. x bohemica, Polygonaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 95: 931-942.
  • Ronse Decraene, L. P.; Akeroyd, J. R. 1988. Generic limits in Polygonum and related genera (Polygonaceae) on the basis of floral characters. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 98: 321-371.
  • Ronse Decraene, L. P.; Hong, S. P.; Smets, E. 2000. Systematic significance of fruit morphology and anatomy in tribes Persicarieae and Polygoneae (Polygonaceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 134: 301-377.
  • Ronse Decraene, L. P.; Hong, S. P.; Smets, E. F. 2004. What is the taxonomic status of Polygonella? Evidence of floral morphology. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 91: 320-345.
  • Sanchez, A. et.al. 2011. Taxonomy of Polygonoideae (Polygonaceae): a new tribal classification. Taxon 60: 151-160.
  • Sanchez, A. et.al. 2009. A large-scale phylogeny of Polygonaceae based on molecular data. Int. J. Plant Sci. 170: 1044-1055.
  • Sarkar, N. M. 1958. Cytotaxonomic studies on Rumex section Axillares. Canad. J. Bot. 36: 947-996.
  • Savage, A. D. 1968. A taxonic study of genus Polygonum, sect. Polygonum (Avicularia), in Indiana and Wisconsin. Proc. Indiana Acad. Sci. 77: 357-369.
  • Schuster, T. M. et.al. 2011. Phylogeny of Polygoneae (Polygonaceae: Polygonoideae). Taxon 60: 1653-1666.
  • Siemens, T. J.; Blossey, B. 2007. An evaluation of mechanisms preventing growth and survival of two native species in invasive Bohemian knotween (Fallopia x bohemica, Polygonaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 94: 776-783.
  • Small, J. K. 1895. A monograph of the North American species of the genus Polygonum. Vol. 1. Vol. Memoirs from the Department of Botany. Columbia College, New York, NY. , 178 pages.
  • Smith, B. W. 1964. The evolving karyotype of Rumex hastatulus. Evolution 18: 93-104.
  • Smith, E. M.; Treaster, S. A. 1987. Tolerance of landscape vines to selected pre-emergence herbicides. Ohio Agric. Res. Dev. Circ. 291: 17-18.
  • Staniforth, R. J.; Cavers, P. B. 1977. The importance of cottontail rabbits in the dispersal of Polygonum spp. J. Applied Ecol. 14: 261-267.
  • Timson, J. 1966. The germination of Polygonum convolvulus L. New Phyt. 65: 423-428.
  • Van Assche, J. et.al. 2002. The comparative germination ecology of nine Rumex species. Plant Ecology 159: 131-142.
  • Van Assche, J.; Van Nerum, D. M. 1997. The influence of the rate of temperature change on the activation of dormant seeds of Rumex obtusifolius L.
  • Walmsley, C. A.; Davy, A. J. 1997. Germination characteristics of shingle beach species, effects of seed ageing and their implications for vegetation restoration. J. Applied Ecol. 34: 131-142.
  • Weaver, S. E.; Cavers, P. B. 1979. Dynamics of seed populations of Rumex crispus and Rumex obtusifolius (Polygonaceae) in disturbed and undisturbed soil. J. Applied Ecol. 16: 909-917.
  • Weston, L. A. et.al. 2005. A review of the biology and ecology of three invasive perennials in New York State: Japanese knotweed (Polygonum cuspidatum), mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris) and pale swallow-wort (Vincetoxicum rossicum). Pl. & Soil 277: 53-69.
  • Wolf, S. J.; McNeill, J. 1986. Synopsis and achene morphology of Polygonum (Polygonaceae) in Canada. Rhodora 88: 457-479.
  • Zika, P. F. 2003. Notes on the provenance of some eastern wetland species disjunct in western North America. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 130: 43-46.
  • Zika, P. F.; Jacobson, A. L. 2003. An overlooked hybrid Japanese knotweed (Polygonum cuspidatum x sachalinense; Polygonaceae) in North America. Rhodora 105: 143-152.