New York Metropolitan Flora

Genus: Geranium

By Science Staff

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 02/06/2013

Back to Geraniaceae


Geranium Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 676. 1753.

List of Geranium Species

References to Geranium

  • Aedo, C. 2001. The genus Geranium L. (Geraniaceae) in North America. II. Perennial species. Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid 59: 3-65.
  • Aedo, C. 2000. The genus Geranium L. (Geraniaceae) in North America. I. Annual species. Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid 58: 39-82.
  • Aedo, C. 1998. World checklist of Geranium L. (Geraniaceae). Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid 56: 211-252.
  • Aedo, C. 2005. Taxonomic revision of Geranium sect. Dissecta (Geraniaceae). Syst. Bot. 30: 533-558.
  • Bell, D. L.; Galloway, L. F. 2008. Population differentiation for plasticity to light in an annual herb: adaptation and cost. Amer. J. Bot. 95: 59-65.
  • Bertin, R. I. 2001. Life cycle, demography, and reproductive biology of herb Robert (Geranium robertianum). Rhodora 103: 96-116.
  • Boerner, R. E. J. 1986. Seasonal nutrient dynamics, nutrient resorption, and mycorrhizal infection intensity of two perennial forest herbs. Amer. J. Bot. 73: 1249-1257.
  • Chang, S. M. 2006. Female compensation through the quantity and quality of progeny in a gynodioecious plant, Geranium maculatum (Geraniaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 93: 263-270.
  • Chang, S. M. 2007. Gender-specific inbreeding depression in a gynodioecious plant, Geranium maculatum (Geraniaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 94: 1193-1204.
  • Macior, L. W. 1968. Pollination adaptation in Pedicularis canadensis. Amer. J. Bot. 55: 1031-1035. (other genera as well)
  • Martin, M. C. 1965. An ecological life history of Geranium maculatum. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 73: 111-149.
  • McKinney, A. M.; Goodell, K. 2010. Shading by invasive shrub reduces seed production and pollinator services in a native herb. Biological Invasions 12: 2751-2763.
  • Price, R. A.; Palmer, J. D. 1993. Phylogenetic relationships of the Geraniaceae and Geraniales from rbcL sequence comparisons. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 80: 661-671.
  • Ruhren, S.; Handel, S. N. 2003. Herbivory constrains survival, reproduction and mutualisms when restoring nine temperate forest herbs. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 130: 34-42.
  • Tofts, R. J. 2004. Geranium robertianum L. J. Ecol. 92: 537-555.
  • Van Etten, M. L. 2008. Gender differences in reproductive and physiological traits in a gynodioecious species, Geranium maculatum (Geraniaceae). Int. J. Plant Sci. 169: 271-279.