New York Metropolitan Flora

Genus: Panax

Panax quinquefolius
Panax trifolius
Panax trifolius

By Steven D. Glenn

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 05/06/2013

Back to Araliaceae

Nomenclature

Panax Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 1058. 1753.

List of Panax Species

References to Panax

  • Anderson, R. C.; Anderson, M. R.; Houseman, G. 2002. Wild American ginseng. Native Plants J. 3: 93-97, 100-105.
  • Choi, H. K.; Wen, J. 2000. A phylogenetic analysis of Panax (Araliaceae): integrating cpDNA restriction site and nuclear rDNA sequence data. Pl. Syst. Evol. 224: 109-120.
  • Cruse-Sanders, J. M.; Hamrick, J. L. 2004. Genetic diversity in harvested and protected populations of wild American ginseng, Panax quinquefolius L. (Araliaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 91: 540-548.
  • Furedi, M. A.; McGraw, J. B. 2004. White-tailed deer: dispersers or predators of American ginseng seeds? Amer. Midl. Naturalist 152: 268-276.
  • Harms, H. 1896. Zur Kenntnis der Gattungen Aralia und Panax. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 23: 1-23. (In German)
  • Lee, C.; Wen, J. 2004. Phylogeny of Panax using chloroplast trnC-trnD intergenic region and the utility of trnC-trnD in interspecific studies of plants. Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 31: 894-903.
  • Li, T. S. C. 2002. Stratification of American ginseng seeds- problems and solutions. Native Plants J. 3: 109-111.
  • Smith, A. C. 1944. Araliaceae. N. Amer. Fl. 28B: 3-41. (see also notes in Brittonia 2: 247-261. 1936)
  • Wen, J. 2001. Evolution of the Aralia-Panax complex (Araliaceae) as inferred from nuclear ribosomal ITS sequences. Edinburgh J. Bot. 58: 243-257.
  • Wen, J.; Nowicke, J. W. 1999. Pollen ultrastructure of Panax (the ginseng genus, Araliaceae), an eastern Asian and eastern North American disjunct genus. Amer. J. Bot. 86: 1624-1636. (Also <em>Aralia</em>)
  • Wen, J.; Zimmer, E. A. 1996. Phylogeny and biogeography of Panax L. (the ginseng genus, Araliaceae): inferences from ITS sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA. Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 6: 167-177.
  • Yi, T. et.al. 2004. Chromosomal evolution in Araliaceae and close relatives. Taxon 53: 987-1005.