Genus: Gymnocladus

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Last Modified 01/24/2012

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Gymnocladus Lam., Encycl. 1: 733. 1785. LECTOTYPE: Gymnocladus canadensis Lam., nom. illeg. (=Gymnocladus dioica (L.) Koch) Britton & Rose (1930).

Key to the species of Gymnocladus


List of Gymnocladus Species

References to Gymnocladus

  • Anonymous 1969. Kentucky coffee-tree, Gymnocladus dioicus. Morton Arbor. Quart. 5: 46-7.
  • Atchison, E. 1949. Chromosome numbers in the Leguminosae. IV. Chromosome numbers and geographical relationships of miscellaneous Leguminosae. J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 65: 118-22.
  • Collingwood, G. H. 1943. Kentucky coffeetree. Amer. Forests 49: 176-7.
  • Featherly, H. I. 1939. Growth studies on Gymnocladus dioica (L.) Koch. Proc. Oklahoma Acad. Sci. 20: 39-41.
  • Fordham, A. J. 1965. Germination of woody legume seeds with impermeable seed coats. Arnoldia (Jamaica Plain) 25: 1-8.
  • Harriman, N. A. 1998. (1376) Proposal to conserve the name Gymnocladus (Leguminosea: Caesalpinioideae) with a conserved gender and type. Taxon 47: 875-876.
  • Herendeen, P. S.; Lewis, G. P.; Bruneau, A. 2003. Floral morphology in Caesalpinioid legumes: testing the monophyly of the "Umtiza clade". Int. J. Plant Sci. 164: S393-S407.
  • Horr, W. H. 1927. Some studies on the structure and behavior during germination of Gymnocladus canadensis Lam. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 17: 331-65.
  • Janzen, D. H. 1976. Effect of defoliation on fruit-bearing branches of the Kentucky coffee tree, Gymnocladus dioicus (Leguminosae). Amer. Midl. Naturalist 95: 474-8.
  • Lee, Y. T. 1976. The genus Gymnocladus and its tropical affinity. J. Arnold Arbor. 57(1): 91-112.
  • Limbird, A.; Hamilton, E.; Preston, D. 1980. Soil-site characteristics of Kentucky coffee tree (Gymnocladus dioica) communities near Lake Erie. Canad. Field-Naturalist 94: 139-47.
  • McClendon, J. H.; McMillen, G. G. 1982. The control of leaf morphology and the tolerance of shade by woody plants. Bot. Gaz. 143(1): 79-83.
  • Raleigh, G. J. 1930. Chemical conditions in maturation, dormancy, and germination of seeds of Gymnocladus dioica. Bot. Gaz. 89: 273-94.
  • Richardson-Calfee, L. E. 2001. Effects of extended photoperiod and light quality on growth of Carpinus caroliniana, Fagus grandifolia and Gymnocladus dioicus seedlings. J. Environ. Hort. 19: 171-174.
  • Robertson, C. 1896. Flowers and insects. Trans. St. Louis Acad. Sci. 7: 151-179.
  • Robertson, K. R.; Lee, Y. T. 1976. The genera of Caesalpinioideae in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 57: 1-34.
  • Roth, W. B. et al. 1984. Evaluation of 107 legumes for renewable sources of energy. Econ. Bot. 38(3): 358-64.
  • Sargent, C. S. 1889. The Kentucky coffee tree. Gard. & Forest 2: 75-6.
  • Schnabel, A.; McDonel, P. E.; Wendel, J. F. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships in Gleditsia (Leguminosae) based on ITS sequences. Amer. J. Bot. 90: 310-320.
  • Schnabel, A.; Wendel, J. F. 1998. Cladistic biogeography of Gleditsia (Leguminosae) based on ndhF and rpl16 chloroplast gene sequences. Amer. J. Bot. 85: 1753-1765. (Also Gymnocladus)
  • Spaeth, J. P.; Thieret, J. W. 2004. Notes on "coffee" from the Kentucky coffee tree (Gymnocladus dioicus, Fabaceae). Sida 21: 345-356.
  • Tucker, S. C.; Kantz, K. E. 2001. Open carpels with ovules in Fabaceae. Int. J. Plant Sci. 162: 1065-1073.