Genus: Robinia

Robinia hispida
Robinia hispida L.

By Science Staff

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 03/11/2013

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Robinia L., Sp. Pl. 2: 722. 1753. Gen. Pl. 322. 1754. Pseudo-Acacia (Tourn.) Medik., Vorles. Churpf”lz. Phys.-÷con. Ges. 2: 364. 1787. LECTOTYPE: Robinia pseudo-acacia L. designated by Britton & Brown (1913).

Key to the species of Robinia

1. Branches glabrous; fruit glabrous; flowers white...Robinia pseudoacacia
1. Branches hispid or glandular viscid; fruit hispid; flowers pink or rose...2

2. Twigs hispid; leaflets 7-13...Robinia hispida
2. Twigs glandular-viscid; leaflets 13-25...Robinia viscosa

List of Robinia Species

References to Robinia

  • Ashe, W. W. 1922. The eastern shrubby species of Robinia. J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 37: 175-7.
  • Ashe, W. W. 1923. Notes on shrubs of the southeastern states. J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 39: 110-1.
  • Auten, J. T. 1945. Relative influence of sassafras, black locust, and pines upon old-field soils. J. Forest. 43: 441-6.
  • Bashor, R. P. 1961. Introgressive hybridization in a Robinia population. M.S. Thesis East Tennessee State College, Johnson City, TN46 p.
  • Boring, L. R.; Swank, W. T. 1984. The role of black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia) in forest succession. J. Ecol. 72: 749-66.
  • Bormann, B. T.; Bormann, F. H.; et al. 1993. Rapid N2 fixation in pines, alder, and locust: evidence from the sandbox ecosystem study. Ecology 74: 583-98.
  • Brown, J. H.; Tyron, E. H. 1960. Establishment of seeded black locust on spoil banks.
  • Brown, W. T. 2001. Volunteer monitoring of nonindigenous invasive plant species in the Adirondack Park, New York, USA. Natural Areas Journal 21: 189-196.
  • Bump, N. G. 1926. Some observations of forest tree seeds and the early development of the seedlings. M.S. Thesis Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY64 p.
  • Burton, C. L. 1932. Variation in characteristics of black locust seeds from two regions. J. Forest. 30: 29-33.
  • Call, L. J.; Nilsen, E. T. 2003. Analysis of spatial patterns and spatial association between the invasive tree-of-heaven (Ailanthus altissima) and the native black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia). Amer. Midl. Naturalist 150: 1-14.
  • Chang, C. S.; Bongarten, B. C.; Hamrick, J. L. 1998. Genetic structure of natural populations of black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) at Coweeta, North Carolina. J. Pl. Res. 111: 17-24.
  • Chapman, A. G. 1935. The effects of black locust on associated species with special reference to forest trees. Ecol. Monogr. 5: 37-60.
  • Clarkson, R. B. 1958. The genus Robinia in West Virginia. Castanea 23: 56-8.
  • Clausen, Robert T. 1940. On the status of Robinia hispida. Gentes Herb. 4: 287-92.
  • Cooper, W. E. 1940. Frost heaving and damage to black locust seedlings. Ecology 21(4): 501-4.
  • Cummings, W. H. 1947. Progeny test with black locust seed from mother trees of varied age and height growth. J. Forest. 45(11): 793-8.
  • Derr, W. F.; Evert, R. F. 1967. The cambium and seasonal development of the phloem in Robinia pseudoacacia. Amer. J. Bot. 54: 147-53.
  • Elliott, K.; Swank, W. 1994. Impacts of drought on tree mortality and growth in a mixed hardwood forest. J. Veg. Sci. 5: 229-36.
  • Faassen, A. 1978. Robinia pseudoacacia L. Natuurhist. Maandbl. 67(6-7): 97-101. (In Dutch)
  • Farrar, J. J.; Evert, R. F. 1997. Seasonal changes in the ultrastructure of the vascular cambium of Robinia pseudoacacia (Fabaceae). Trees 11: 191-202.
  • Hall, R. C. 1937. Growth and yield in shipmast locust on Long Island and its relative resistance to locust borer injury. J. Forest. 35: 721-7.
  • Hanes, C. R. 1956. Viability of seed of the black locust. Rhodora 58(685): 26-7.
  • Hanover, J. W.; Mebrahtu, T. 1991. Robinia pseudoacacia: temperate legume tree with worldwide potential. NFT Highlights 91(03): 1-2.
  • Hopp, H. 1942. Mystery among the locusts. Amer. Forests 48: 27-30, 46-7.
  • Hunter, J. C.; Mattice, J. A. 2002. The spread of woody exotics into the forests of a northeastern landscape, 1938-1999. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 129: 220-227.
  • Isely, D.; Peabody, F. J. 1984. Robinia (Leguminosae:Papilionoidea). Castanea 49: 187-202.
  • Jester, J. R.; Kramer, P. J. 1939. The effect of length of day on the height growth of certain forest tree seedlings. J. Forest. 37(10): 796-803.
  • Luken, J. O.; Hinton, A. C.; Baker, D. G. 1992. Response of woody plant communities in power-line corridors to frequent anthropogenic disturbance. Ecological Applications 2: 356-62.
  • Marshall, P. E.; Kozlowski, T. T. 1977. Changes in structure and function of epigeous cotyledons of woody angiosperms during early seedling growth. Canad. J. Bot. 55(2): 208-15.
  • Marshall, P. E.; Kozlowski, T. T. 1976. Compositional changes in cotyledons of woody angiosperms. Canad. J. Bot. 54(21): 2473-7.
  • Marshall, P. E.; Kozlowski, T. T. 1975. Changes in mineral contents of cotyledons and young seedlings of woody angiosperms. Canad. J. Bot. 53(18): 2026-31.
  • Marshall, P. E.; Kozlowski, T. T. 1974. Photosynthetic activity of cotyledons and foliage leaves of young angiosperm seedlings. Canad. J. Bot. 52(9): 2023-32.
  • Marshall, P. E.; Kozlowski, T. T. 1974. The role of cotyledons in growth and development of woody angiosperms. Canad. J. Bot. 52(1): 239-45.
  • Martine, C. T. 2008. Fifteen woody species with potential for invasiveness in New England. Rhodora 110: 345-353.
  • McAlister, R. H. 1971. Black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.).
  • Michener, D. C. 1988. The introduction of black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) to Massachusetts. Arnoldia (Jamaica Plain) 48: 52-7.
  • Niklas, K. J. 1997. Size- and age-dependent variation in the properties of sap- and heartwood in black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.). Ann. Bot. 79: 473-8.
  • Niklas, K. J. 1999. Changes in the factor of safety within the superstructure of a dicot tree. Amer. J. Bot. 86: 688-696.
  • Oswald, F. W. 1971. A new form of Robinia from Vermont. Phytologia 22: 139-40.
  • Peabody, F. J. 1982. A 350 year old American legume in Paris. Castanea 47(1): 99-104.
  • Pomeroy, M. K.; Siminovitch, D. 1971. Seasonal cytological changes in secondary phloem parenchyma cells in Robinia pseudoacacia in relation to cold hardiness. Canad. J. Bot. 49: 787-95.
  • Rhoads, A. F.; Meyer, P. W.; Sanfelippo, R. 1981. Performance of urban street trees evaluated. J. Arboric. 7: 127-132.
  • Roth, W. B. et al. 1984. Evaluation of 107 legumes for renewable sources of energy. Econ. Bot. 38(3): 358-64.
  • Rydberg, P. A. 1924. Genera of North American Fabaceae II. Tribe Galegeae (continued). Amer. J. Bot. 11: 470-82.
  • Sargent, C. S. 1921. Notes on North American trees. VIII. J. Arnold Arbor 2: 164-174.
  • Sawidis, T. 1995. A study of air pollution with heavy metals in Thessaloniki City (Greece) using trees as biological indicators. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 28: 118-124.
  • Siminovitch, D.; Briggs, D. R. 1959. Studies in the chemistry of the living bark of the black locust tree in relation to frost hardiness. I. Seasonal variations in protein content. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 23: 8-17.
  • Sokoloff, D. D. 2007. Inflorescence and early flower development in Loteae (Leguminosae) in a phylogenetic and taxonomic context. Int. J. Plant Sci. 168: 801-833.
  • Sullivan, J. 1993. Robinia pseudoacacia. ()
  • Surles, S. C.; Surles, S. E.; Hamrick, J. L.; Bongarten, B. C. 1989. Allozyme variation in black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia). Canad. J. Forest Res. 19: 471-479.
  • Teuscher, H. 1935. Robinia ambigua. Addisonia 19: 31-2. (R. pseudoacacia x R. viscosa)
  • Tumanov, I. I.; Kuzina, G. B.; Karnikova, L. D. 1964. Dormancy and frost resistance in Betula verrucosa and Robinia pseudoacacia. Physiol. Rast. (Moscow) 11: 695-707.
  • Wareing, P. F.; Roberts, D. L. 1956. Photoperiodic control of cambial activity in Robinia pseudoacacia L. New Phyt. 55: 356-66.
  • Whitaker, T. W. 1934. A karyo-systematic study of Robinia. J. Arnold Arbor. 15: 353-7.