Genus: Maclura

By Katherine Gould, Angela Steward, Steven D. Glenn

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 02/03/2012

Back to Moraceae


Maclura Nutt., Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 2: 233. 1818, nom. cons. TYPE: Maclura aurantiaca Nutt.

Ioxylon Raf., Amer. Monthly Mag. & Crit. Rev. 2: 118. 1817 (also spelled “Toxylon”). nom. rej. TYPE: Ioxylon pomiferum Raf.

List of Maclura Species

References to Maclura

  • Bechtel, A. R. 1921. The floral anatomy of the Urticales. Amer. J. Bot. 8: 386-410.
  • Berg, C. C. 1986. The delimitation and subdivision of the genus Maclura (Moraceae). Proc. Kon. Nederl. Akad. Wetensch., C, 89(3): 241-7.
  • Bryant, F. C. 1996. Diets of female white-tailed deer in the cross-timbers region. Prairie Naturalist 28: 125-140.
  • Burton, J. 1973. Osage-orange: an American wood. USDA Forest Service.
  • Collingwood, G. H. 1939. Osage-orange. Amer. Forests 45: 508-10.
  • Hardin, J. W. 1981. Atlas of foliar surface features in woody plants, II. Broussonetia, Morus, and Maclura of North America. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 108: 338-46.
  • Mitchell, R. S. (eds.) (1988): 1988. Platanaceae through Myricaceae of New York State. New York State Museum Bull. No. 464. The University of the State of New York, the State Education Department, Albany. , 98 pages.
  • Pair, J. C. 1992. Magnificent Maclura- past and present. Arnoldia (Jamaica Plain) 52: 14-9.
  • Robinson, B. L. 1907. The scientific name of the Osage orange. Rhodora 9: 91.
  • Sand, S. 1991. A tree history- the osage orange. Amer. Horticulturist 70: 37-39.
  • Schnabel, A.; Laushman, R. H.; Hamrick, J. L. 1991. Comparative genetic structure of two co-occurring tree species, Maclura pomifera (Moraceae) and Gleditsia triacanthos (Leguminosae). Heredity 67: 357-64.
  • Smith, J. L.; Perino, J. V. 1981. Osage orange (Maclura pomifera): history and economic uses. Econ. Bot. 35(1): 24-41.