New York Metropolitan Flora

Genus: Echium

By Science Staff

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 03/22/2013

Back to Boraginaceae


Echium Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 139. 1753.

List of Echium Species

References to Echium

  • Corbet, S. A. 1979. Humidity, nectar and insect visits to flowers, with special reference to Crataegus, Tilia, and Echium. Ecol. Entomol. 4: 9-22.
  • Foote, K. 2002. Blue-weed (Echium vulgare L.). New York Flora Association Newsletter 13: 3-8.
  • Klemow, K. M. 2002. The biology of Canadian weeds. 116. Echium vulgare L. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 82: 235-248.
  • Klemow, K. M.; Raynal, D. J. 1985. Demography of two facultative biennial plant species in an unproductive habitat.
  • Klinkhamer, P. G. 1999. Genetic variation in floral traits of Echium vulgare. Oikos 85: 515-522.
  • Korbecka, G. 2003. Characterization of six microsatellite loci in Echium vulgare (Boraginaceae). Molecular Ecology Notes 3: 274-276.
  • Mack, R. N. 2003. Plant naturalizations and invasions in the eastern United States: 1634-1860. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 90: 77-90.
  • Melser, C. 1999. Late-acting inbreeding depression in both male and female function of Echium vulgare (Boraginaceae). Heredity 83: 162-170.
  • Munoz, R. A. 2005. Airborne behaviour of Echium pollen. Aerobiologia 21: 125-130.
  • Pusateri, W. P.; Blackwell, W. H. 1979. The Echium vulgare complex in eastern North America, Castanea 44: 223-229.
  • Rademaker, M. C. J. 1997. Pollen dynamics of bumble-bee visitation on Echium vulgare. Funct. Ecol. 11: 554-563.
  • Southwick, E. E. 1981. Nectar production composition energetics and pollinator attractiveness in spring flowers of western New York USA. Amer. J. Bot. 68: 994-1002.