New York Metropolitan Flora

Genus: Viburnum

Viburnum acerifolium Viburnum dentatum Viburnum dilatatum Viburnum nudum s.l. Viburnum prunifolium Viburnum setigerum Viburnum rafinesquianum Viburnum acerifolium

By Steven D. Glenn

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 01/25/2013

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Nomenclature

Viburnum L., Sp. Pl. 267. 1753, nom. cons. des. LECTOTYPE: V. lantana L. (see Hitchc. & Green, Int. Bot. Congr. Cambridge. 1930) or V. tinus (see Britton & A.Br., Ill. Fl. N.U.S. ed. 2. 2: 494. 1913)

Tinus Mill., Gard. Dict. abr. ed. 4, 3. 1754. TYPE: not designated.

Oreinotinus Oerst., Vidensk. Meddel. Dansk Naturhist Foren. Kjøbenhavn 12: 281, t. 6, fig. 11-25. 1860 [1861?]. TYPE: not designated.

List of Viburnum Species

References to Viburnum

  • Anonymous 1888. Proceedings of the Club. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 15: 204.
  • Barton, L. V. 1958. Germination and seedling production of species of Viburnum. Pl. Propag. 8: 126-136.
  • Basinger, M. A. 1999. Notes on some naturalized woody plant species new to Illinois. Trans. Illinois State Acad. Sci. 92: 32-36.
  • Becker, E. C. 1979. Pyrrhalta viburni (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), a Eurasian pest of Viburnum recently established in Canada. Canad. Entomol. 111: 417-419.
  • Benko-Iseppon, A. M.; Morawetz, W. 1993. Cold-induced chromosome regions and karyosystematics in Sambucus and Viburnum. Botanica Acta 106: 183-191.
  • Bisky, J. A. 1887. Notes from Queens County, Long Island. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 14: 13-14.
  • Blake, S. F. 1918. On the names of some species of Viburnum. Rhodora 20: 11-15.
  • Bohnke-Gutlein, E.; Weberling, F. 1981. Palynologic investigations of the Caprifoliaceae: 1. Sambuceae, Viburneae and Diervilleae. Abh. Akad. Wiss. Lit. Mainz, Math-Naturwiss. Klasse 34: 1-63. (In German)
  • Boman, J. S.; Casper, B. B. 1995. Differential postdispersal seed predation in disturbed and intact temperate forest. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 134: 107-116.
  • Britton, Nathaniel L. 1904. Viburnum molle. Torreya 4: 69.
  • Brumbaugh, J. H.; Guard, A. T. 1957. A study of evidences of introgression among Viburnum lentago, V. prunifolium and V. rufidulum based on leaf characteristics (Abstr.). Proc. Indiana Acad. Sci. 66: 300.
  • Cane, J. H.; Eickwort, G. C.; Wesley, F. R.; Spielholz, J. 1985. Pollination ecology of Vaccinium stamineum (Ericaceae: Vaccinioideae). Amer. J. Bot. 72: 135-142. (other genera discussed)
  • Coladoanto, M. 1993. Viburnum acerifolium. ()
  • Cross, G. L. 1938. A comparative histogenetic study of the bud scales and foilage leaves of Viburnum opulus. Amer. J. Bot. 25: 246-258.
  • Davidson, D. W. 1966. Response of six shrub species to light regimes in two controlled-environment rooms. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 93: 432-437.
  • Davis, W. T. 1904. Variation in the fruit of the black haw. Proc. Nat. Sci. Assoc. Staten Island 9: 33-34.
  • De Vos, F. 1951. The stem anatomy of some species of the Caprifoliaceae with reference to phylogeny and identification of the species. Ph.D. Dissertation Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY81 p.
  • Dirr, M. A. 2007. Viburnums, flowering shrubs for every season. Timber Press, Portland, OR. , 262 pages. (ISBN 139780881928532)
  • Donoghue, M. 1981. Growth patterns in woody plants with example from the genus Viburnum. Arnoldia (Jamaica Plain) 41: 2-23.
  • Donoghue, M. 1980. Flowering times in Viburnum. Arnoldia (Jamaica Plain) 40: 2-22.
  • Donoghue, M. J. 1985. Pollen diversity and exine evolution in Viburnum and the Caprifoliaceae sensu lato. J. Arnold Arbor. 66: 421-469.
  • Donoghue, M. J. 1983. A preliminary analysis of phylogenetic relationships in Viburnum (Caprifoliaceae s. l.). Syst. Bot. 8: 45-58.
  • Donoghue, M. J. et.al. 2004. Viburnum phylogeny based on chloroplast trnK intron and nuclear ribosomal ITS DNA sequences. Syst. Bot. 29: 188-198.
  • Drummond, B. A. 2005. The selection of native and invasive plants by frugivorous birds in Maine. Northeastern Naturalist 12: 33-44.
  • Duncan, W. H. 1950. Synonymy in Viburnum obovatum and V. cassinoides. Rhodora 52: 179-183.
  • Eaton, R. J. 1968. The diagnostic value of fresh mature drupes of Viburnum recognitum and V. dentatum. Rhodora 70: 288-289.
  • Echternach, J. L.; Rose, R. K. 1987. Use of woody vegetation by beavers in southeastern Virginia USA. Virginia J. Sci. 38: 226-232.
  • Egolf, D. R. 1956. Cytological and interspecific hybridization studies in the genus Viburnum. Ph.D. Thesis Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY131 p. (See also Diss. Abstr. 17:22-23. 1957.)
  • Egolf, D. R. 1962. A cytological study of the genus Viburnum. J. Arnold Arbor. 43: 132-172.
  • Englund, R. 1993. Movement patterns of Cetonia beetles (Scarabaeidae) among flowering Viburnum opulus (Caprifoliaceae): option for long-distance pollen dispersal in a temperate shrub. Oecologia 94: 295-302.
  • Eriksson, T.; Donoghue, M. J. 1997. Phylogenetic relationships of Sambucus and Adoxa (Adoxoideae, Adoxaceae) based on nuclear ribosomal ITS sequences and preliminary morphological data. Syst. Bot. 22: 555-573. (Also Viburnum)
  • Farwell, O. A. 1919. Necessary changes in botanical nomenclature. Rhodora 21: 101-103.
  • Fedec, P.; Knowles, R. H. 1973. Afterripening and germination of seeds of American highbush cranberry (Viburnum trilobum). Canad. J. Bot. 51: 1761-1764.
  • Ferguson, I. K. 1966. The genera of the Caprifoliaceae in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 47: 33-59.
  • Fernald, M. L. 1941. Viburnum edule and its nomenclature. Rhodora 43: 481-483. (also V. opulus/trilobum)
  • Fernald, M. L. 1908. Notes on some plants of northeastern America. Rhodora 10: 84-95.
  • Fernald, M. L. 1941. Another century of additions to the flora of Virginia. Rhodora 43: 559-630, 635-657.
  • Flinn, M. A.; Wein, R. W. 1988. Regrowth of forest understory species following seasonal burning. Canad. J. Bot. 66: 150-155.
  • Gardescu, S.; Marks, P. L. 2004. Colonization of old fields by trees vs. shrubs: seed dispersal and seedling establishment. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 131: 53-68.
  • Gasson, P. 1979. The identification of eight woody genera of the Caprifoliaceae by selected features of their root anatomy. J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 78: 267-284.
  • Giersbach, J. 1937. Germination and seedling production of species of Viburnum. Contr. Boyce Thompson Inst. Pl. Res. 9: 79-90.
  • Hernandez, A. 2001. Are wayfaring tree Viburnum lantana fruits adapted for consumption by seed-dispersed mammals? Mammalia 65: 521-524.
  • Hewins, N. P. 1900. A contribution to a knowledge of the organogeny of the flower and of the embryology of the Caprifoliaceae. Proc. AAAS 49: 280-281.
  • Hidayati, S. N. 2000. A comparative study of seed dormancy in five genera of Caprifoliaceae s.l. Ph.D. Dissertation Univ. Kentucky, Lexington,
  • Hillebrand, G. R. 1966. Phytoserological systematic investigation of the genus Viburnum. Ph.D. Dissertation Rutgers Univ., New Brunswick, NJ77 p. (Univ. Microfilms, Ann Arbor, MI, (Diss. Abstr. 66:11, 186.))
  • Hillebrand, G. R.; Fairbrothers, D. E. 1969. A serological investigation of intrageneric relationships in Viburnum (Caprifoliaceae). Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 96: 556-67.
  • Hillebrand, G. R.; Fairbrothers, D. E. 1970. Phytoserological systematic survey of the Caprifoliaceae. Brittonia 22: 125-133. (Also Cornus & Nyssa)
  • Hillebrand, G. R.; Fairbrothers, D. E. 1965. Phytoserological correspondence among selected genera of the Cornales, Garryales, Rosales, Rubiales, and Umbellales as an indication of the taxonomic position of the genus Viburnum (Abstr.). Amer. J. Bot. 52: 648.
  • Holm, T. 1913. Medicinal plants of North America. 69. Viburnum prunifolium L. Merck Rep. 22: 35-36.
  • Horsley, S. B. et.al. 1983. Interference by weeds and deer with Allegheny hardwood reproduction. Canad. J. Forest Res. 13: 61-69
  • House, H. D. 1935. Viburnum rafinesquianum Schultes. Torreya 35: 126.
  • Irving, R. M.; Lanphear, F. O. 1967. Dehardening and the dormant condition in Acer and Viburnum. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 91: 699-705.
  • Ivanov, V. D. et.al. 1985. Anatomical structures of European cranberry bush Viburnum opulus fruit. Farmatsiya 34: 13-17.
  • Jacobs, B. et.al. 2010. Evolution and systematic value of fruit and seed characters in Adoxaceae (Dipsacales). Taxon 59: 850-866.
  • Jacobs, B. et.al. 2008. Evolution and phylogenetic importance of endocarp and seed characters in Viburnum (Adoxaceae). Int. J. Plant Sci. 169: 409-431.
  • Jones, E.; Wheelwright, N. T. 1987. Seasonal changes in the fruits of Viburnum opulus, a freshly-fruiting temperate-zone shrub. Canad. J. Bot. 65: 2291-2296.
  • Kempf, J. S.; Pickett, S. T. A. 1981. The role of branch length and angle in branching pattern of forest shrubs along a successional gradient. New Phyt. 88: 111-116.
  • Knowles, R. H. 1957. Studies on dormancy of seed of the American highbush cranberry, Viburnum trilobum Marsh. M.S. Thesis Univ. Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta,
  • Knowles, R. H.; Zalik, S. 1958. Effects of temperature treatment and of a native inhibitor on seed dormancy and of cotyledon removal on epicotyl growth in Viburnum trilobum Marsh. Canad. J. Bot. 36: 561-566.
  • Krannitz, P. G.; Maun, M. A. 1991. An experimental study of floral display size and reproductive success in Viburnum opulus: importance of grouping. Canad. J. Bot. 69: 394-399.
  • Krannitz, P. G.; Maun, M. A. 1991. Insect visitors to guelder rose, Viburnum opulus var. opulus (Caprifoliacea) in London, Ontario. Canad. Field-Naturalist 105: 13-17.
  • Kunstler, D. S. 1993. Siebold's viburnum, Viburnum sieboldii Miquel, new non-native species record for New York. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 120: 188-190.
  • Lotova, L. I.; Lotva, L. I.; Nilova, M. V. 1997. The bark anatomy of Viburnum L. species. Biull. Moskov. Ob. Ispyt. Prir. Otd. Biol. 102: 53-57. (In Russian)
  • Lubbock, J. 1891. On the form of the leaf of Viburnum opulus and V. lantana. J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 28: 244-247.
  • Maciejewska, I. 1998. Seed and stone morphology of the Polish species of the family Caprifoliaceae. Fragm. Flor. Geobot. 43: 189-214.
  • Mackenzie, K. K. 1922. Viburnum cassinoides. Addisonia 7: 17.
  • Mackenzie, K. K. 1927. A botanical riddle. Torreya 27: 81-83.
  • Magnarelli, L. A. 1983. Nectar sugars and caloric reserves in natural populuations of Aedes canadensis and Aedes stimulans Diptera Culicidae. Environmental Entomology 12: 1482-1486.
  • Malecot, V. 2002. Lectotypification of the Linnaean names in Viburnum L. (Viburnaceae). Taxon 51: 747-750.
  • Martine, C. T. et.al. 2008. Fifteen woody species with potential for invasiveness in New England. Rhodora 110: 345-353.
  • McAtee, W. L. 1921. Notes on Viburnum and the assemblage Caprifoliaceae. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 48: 149-154.
  • McLean, F. T. 1935. Japanese viburnum (V. tomentosum) runs wild in the garden. J. New York Bot. Gard. 36: 140.
  • Meffe, G. K. 1977. Patterns of seedfall and dispersal in Viburnum acerifolium: a study of plant-animal interactions. BA Thesis Rutgers Univ., New Brunswick, NJ79 p.
  • Meyer, G. A.; Witmer, M. C. 1998. Influence of seed processing by frugivorous birds on germination success of three North American shrubs. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 140: 129-139.
  • Milne-Redhead, E. 1934. Viburnum alnifolium. Bot. Mag. 157: pl. 9373.
  • Minoletti, M. L.; Boerner, R. E. J. 1994. Drought and site fertility effects on foliar nitrogen and phosphorus dynamics and nutrient resorption by the forest understory shrub Viburnum acerifolium L. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 131: 109-119.
  • Minoletti, M. L.; Minoletti, L. M. 1992. Seasonal nutrient dynamics and resorption of the understory shrub Viburnum acerifolium L. (maple-leaf viburnum) and fern Polystichum acrostichoides (Michx.) Schott (Christmas fern): effects of site fertility and drought. M.S. Thesis Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH73 p.
  • Naczi, R. F. C. et.al. 2002. Native flowering plant species new or otherwise significant in Kentucky. Sida 20: 397-402.
  • Nash, G. V. 1919. Viburnum lantana. Addisonia 4: 55-56.
  • Nash, G. V. 1920. Viburnum sieboldii. Addisonia 5: 35-36.
  • Nash, G. V. 1920. Viburnum dilatatum. Addisonia 5: 1-2.
  • Nicola, A.; Pickett, S. T. A. 1983. The adaptive architecture of shrub canopies: leaf display and biomass allocation in relation to light environment. New Phyt. 93: 301-310.
  • Niering, William A.; Dreyer, G. D.; Egler, F. E.; Anderson, J. P. Jr. 1986. Stability of a Viburnum lentago shrub community after 30 years. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 113: 23-27.
  • Niering, William A.; Egler, F. E. 1955. A shrub community of Viburnum lentago, stable for twenty-five years. Ecology 36: 356-360.
  • Paratley, R. D. 1986. Vegetation-environment relations in a conifer swamp in central New York. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 113: 357-371.
  • Pickett, S. T. A.; Kempf, J. S. 1980. Branching patterns in forest shrubs and understory trees in relation to habitat. New Phyt. 86: 219-228.
  • Pixler, V. A. 1950. The Caprifoliaceae of West Virginia. Castanea 15: 80-91.
  • Rehder, A. 1947. Notes on cultivated trees and shrubs, VI. J. Arnold Arbor 28: 445-446.
  • Rehder, A. A. 1947. Notes on some cultivated trees and shrubs. VI. J. Arnold Arbor. 28: 445-446.
  • Reidt, G.; Leins, P. 1994. The initiation of the sympetalous corolla in Sambucus racemosa L. and Viburnum farreri Stearn. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 116: 1-9. (In German; English summary)
  • Rossbach, G. B. 1963. Additional phytogeographical notes on plants collected in West Virginia. Castanea 28: 165-169. (Passing reference to Heterotheca subaxillaris in NJ & NY)
  • Rusby, H. H. 1918. Viburnum prunifolium. Addisonia 3: 59.
  • Sargent, C. S. 1893. Viburnum. Silva N. Am. 5: 93-100.
  • Sargent, C. S. 1902. Viburnum. Silva N. Am. 14: 23-24.
  • Sargent, C. S. 1890. Viburnum pubescens. Gard. & Forest 3: 124.
  • Sargent, C. S. 1889. Viburnum lantanoides. Gard. & Forest 2: 531-532.
  • Sargent, C. S. 1896. Viburnum cassinoides. Gard. & Forest 9: 304.
  • Sargent, S. 1990. Neighborhood effects on fruit removal by birds: a field experiment with Viburnum dentatum (Caprifoliaceae). Ecology 71: 1289-1298.
  • Sax, K.; Kribs, D. A. 1930. Chromosomes and phylogeny in Caprifoliaceae. J. Arnold Arbor. 11: 147-153.
  • Schutte, H. A.; Korth, J. A. 1940. The seed oil of the highbush cranberry. Oil Soap 17: 265.
  • Sherburne, J. A. 1972. Effects of seasonal changes in the abundance and chemistry of the fleshy fruits of northeastern woody shrubs on patterns of exploitation by frugivorous birds. Ph.D. Dissertation Cornell University, Ithaca, NY157 p.
  • Staszkiewicz, J. et.al. 1997. The variability of leaves and fruits of Viburnum opulus (Caprifoliaceae). Fragm. Flor. Geobot. Polonica (Suppl. 2): 263-276. (In Polish)
  • Stoll, R. J. et.al. 1980. Foods of ruffed grouse Bonasa umbellus in Ohio USA. Ohio Fish Wildlife Rep. 1980: 1-18.
  • Suneson, S. 1933. Zur Embryologie der Gattung Viburnum. Bot. Not. 1933: 181-194.
  • Svenson, H. K. 1940. Plants of the southern United States. I. Viburnum dentatum L. Rhodora 42: 1-6.
  • Thaler, G. R.; Plowright, R. C. 1980. The effect of aerial insecticide spraying for spruce budworm control on the fecundity of entomophilous plants in New Brunswick. Canad. J. Bot. 58: 2022-2027.
  • Thomas, J. L. 1961. The cytology of some cultivated species of Viburnum. J. Arnold Arbor 42: 157-164.
  • Thomson, J.; Thomson, O. 1981. Leaf shapes of Viburnum acerifolium. Bull. Bot. Club Wisconsin 12: 4-5.
  • Waldbauer, G. P. 1984. Mating behavior at blossoms and the flower associations of mimetic Temnostoma spp. Diptera Syrphidae in northern Michigan USA. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 86: 295-304.
  • Weckman, T. J. 2000. Nannyberry (Viburnum lentago L.; Caprifoliaceae) excluded from the Kentucky flora. J. Kentucky Acad. Sci. 61: 30-33.
  • Weckman, T. J. et.al. 2002. New records and a summary of naturalized Viburnum taxa in Kentucky. Castanea 67: 104-106.
  • Wight, R. 1846. On the structure of the ovarium and generic character of Viburnum. Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 6: 357-359.
  • Wilkinson, A. M. 1948. Floral anatomy and morphology of some species of the genus Viburnum of the Caprifoliaceae. Amer. J. Bot. 35: 455-464.
  • Wilkinson, A. M. 1945. The floral anatomy and morphology of some species of Cornus and of the Caprifoliaceae. , Thesis Cornell Univ.148 p.
  • Wilson, B. F. 1998. Branches versus stems in woody plants: control of branch diameter growth and angle. Canad. J. Bot. 76: 1852-1856.
  • Winkworth, R. C.; Donoghue, M. J. 2005. Viburnum phylogeny based on combined molecular data: implications for taxonomy and biogeography. Amer. J. Bot. 92: 653-666.
  • Witmer, M. C. 2001. Nutritional interactions and fruit removal: cedar waxwing consumption of Viburnum opulus fruits in spring. Ecology 82: 3120-3130.
  • Yoda, K.; Suzuki, M. 1993. Quantitative description of the process of architechture formation in Viburnum dilatatum and V. wrightii (Caprifoliaceae). J. Pl. Res. 106: 289-296.
  • Young, R. A. 1906. Key to the Ohio viburnums in the winter condition. Ohio Naturalist 6: 551-552.
  • Youngken, H. W. 1932. The pharmacognosy, chemistry and pharmacology of Viburnum. III. History, botany and pharmacognosy of Viburnum opulus L. var. americanum (Miller) Ait. J. Amer. Pharm. Assoc. 21: 444-462.
  • Youngken, H. W. 1940. Studies on Viburnum. The pharmacognosy and pharmacology of Viburnum alnifolium. J. Amer. Pharm. Assoc. Sci. Ed. 29: 439-447.
  • Zaborovsky, E. P.; Varasova, N. N. 1961. Germination of seeds of the water elder (Viburnum opulus L.) and the wayfaring tree (V. lantana L.). Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Lenengrad) 46: 1169-1171. (In Russian)
  • de Poucques, M. L. 1947. Etude caryologique de quelques Viburnum. Compt. Rend. Hebd. Seances Acad. Sci. 141: 183-185. (In French)

Other Links

Viburnum - USDA PLANTS

Viburnum -  NY Flora Atlas

Viburnum - Biota of North America