Genus: Asarum

Asarum canadense
Photo by Gerry Moore

By Kerry Barringer

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 04/29/2013

Back to Aristolochiaceae


Asarum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 442. 1753.

List of Asarum Species

References to Asarum

  • Baskin, J. M.; Baskin, C. C. 1986. Seed germination ecophysiology of the woodland herb Asarum canadense. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 116: 132-139.
  • Cain, M. L. 1998. Seed dispersal and the Holocene migration of woodland herbs. Ecol. Monogr. 68: 325-347.
  • Cain, M. L.; Damman, H. 1997. Clonal growth and ramet performance in the the woodland herb, Asarum canadense. J. Ecol. 85: 883-897.
  • Cody, W. J. 1982. A comparison of the northern limits of distribution of some vascular plant species found in southern Ontario. Naturaliste Canad. 109: 63-90.
  • Damman, H.; Cain, M. L. 1998. Population growth and viability analyses of the clonal woodland herb, Asarum canadense. J. Ecol. 86: 13-26.
  • Gonzalez, F.; Rudall, P. J.; Furness, C. A. 2001. Microsporogenesis and systematics of Aristolochiaceae. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 137: 221-242.
  • Handel, S. N.; Fisch, S. B.; Schatz, G. E. 1981. Ants disperse a majority of herbs in a mesic forest community in New York State. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 108: 430-437.
  • Kelly, L. M. 2001. Taxonomy of Asarum section Asarum (Aristolochiaceae). Syst. Bot. 26: 17-53.
  • Kelly, L. M. 1997. A cladistic analysis of Asarum (Aristolochiaceae) and implications for the evolution of herkogamy. Amer. J. Bot. 84: 1752-1765.
  • Muir, A. M. 1995. The cost of reproduction to the clonal herb Asarum canadense (wild ginger). Canad. J. Bot. 73: 1683-1686.
  • Robinson, B. L. 1908. Notes on the vascular plants of the northeastern United States. Rhodora 10: 29-35.
  • Ruhren, S.; Handel, S. N. 2003. Herbivory constrains survival, reproduction and mutualisms when restoring nine temperate forest herbs. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 130: 34-42.
  • Smith, B. H. 1989. Frequency-dependent seed dispersal by ants of two deciduous forest herbs. Ecology 70: 1645-1648.
  • Solereder, H. 1889. Beitrõge zur vergleichenden Anatomie der Aristolochiaceen. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 10: 410-524. (In German)
  • Soltis, D. E. 1984. Karyotypes of species of Asarum and Hexastylis (Aristolochiaceae). Syst. Bot. 9: 490-493.