Genus: Nelumbo

By Science Staff

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 04/08/2013

Back to Nelumbonaceae


Nelumbo Adanson, Fam. Pl. 2: 76. 1763.

List of Nelumbo Species

References to Nelumbo

  • Borsch, T.; Barthlott, W. 1994. Classification and distribution of the genus Nelumbo Adans. (Nelumbonaceae). Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 68: 421-450.
  • Fairbrothers, D. E. 1958. A naturalized stand of Indian Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera in New Jersey. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 85: 70.
  • Hall, T. F.; Penfound, W. T. 1944. The biology of the American lotus Nelumbo lutea (Willd.) Pers. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 31: 744-758.
  • Ito, M. 1986. Studies in the floral morphology and anatomy of Nymphaeales. IV. Floral anatomy of Nelumbo nucifera. Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 37: 82-96.
  • Khanna, P 1965. Morphological and embryological studies in Nymphaeaceae. II. Brasenia schreberi Gmel. and Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. Austral. J. Bot. 13: 379-387.
  • Kreunen, S. S.; Osborn, J. M. 1999. Pollen and anther development in Nelumbo (Nelumbonaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 86: 1662-1676.
  • Moseley, M. F.; Uhl, N. W. 1985. Morphological studies of the Nymphaeaceae sensu lato XV. The anatomy of the flower of Nelumbo. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 106: 277-293.
  • Nohara, S.; Kimura, M. 1997. Growth characteristics of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. in response to water depth and flooding. Ecological Research 12: 11-20.
  • Peattie, D. C. 1928. The celestial lotus: Sacred to the Oriental; enchanting to the Occidental. Nat. Mag. 11: 294-297.
  • Rogers, J. A. 1981. The American lotus- Nelumbo lutea (Willd.) Pers. Aquatics 3: 4-8.
  • Sayre, J. 2004. Propagation protocol for American lotus. Native Plants J. 5: 15-17.
  • Schneider, E. L.; Buchanan, J. D. 1980. Morphological studies of the Nymphaeaceae. XI. The floral biology of Nelumbo pentapetala. Amer. J. Bot. 67: 182-193.
  • Schneider, E. L.; Chaney, T. 1980. Morphological studies of the Nymphaceae. XI. The floral biology of Nelumbo pentapetala. Amer. J. Bot. 67: 182-193.
  • Seago, J. L. 2002. The root cortex of the Nymphaceae, Cabombaceae, and Nelumbonaceae. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 129: 1-9.
  • Shen-Miller, J 1995. Exceptional seed longevity and robust growth: ancient sacred lotus from China. Amer. J. Bot. 82: 1367-1380.
  • Sohmer, S. H. 1975. The name of American Nelumbo. Taxon 24: 491-493.
  • Sohmer, S. H. 1977. Aspects of the biology of Nelumbo pentapetala (Walter) Fernald, the American lotus of the upper Mississippi. Trans. Wisconsin Acad. Sci., Arts, and Letters 65: 258-273.
  • Sohmer, S. H. 1978. The reproductive biology of Nelumbo pentapetala (Nelumbonaceae) on the upper Mississippi River. II. The insects associated with the transfer of pollen. Brittonia 30: 355-364.
  • Taylor, H. J. 1927. The history and distribution of yellow Nelumbo, Water Chinquapin or American lotus. Proc. Iowa Acad. Sci. 34: 119-124.
  • Turner, A. M. 2010. Expanding American lotus and dissoved oxygen concentrations of a shallow lake. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 164: 1-8.
  • Vance, H. D.; Francko, D. A. 1997. Allelopathic potential of Nelumba lutea (Willd.) Pers. to alter growth of Myriophyllum spicatum L. and Potamogeton pectinatus L. J. Freshw. Ecol. 12: 405-409.
  • Vogel, S.; Hadacek, F. 2004. Contributions to the functional anatomy and biology of Nelumbo nucifera (Nelumbonaceae) III. An ecological reappraisal of floral organs. Pl. Syst. Evol. 249: 173-189.
  • Ward, D. B. 1977. Nelumbo lutea, the correct name for the American lotus. Taxon 26: 227-234.
  • Wood, C. E. 1959. The genera of the Nymphaeaceae and Ceratophyllaceae in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 40: 94-112.
  • Yoo, M. J. 2010. Expression of floral MADS-box genes in two divergent water lilies: Nymphaeales and Nelumbo. Int. J. Plant Sci. 171: 121-146.