New York Metropolitan Flora

Family: Lythraceae

By Science Staff

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 01/25/2013

Nomenclature

List of Lythraceae Genera

References to Lythraceae

  • Agren, J. 1996. Population size, pollinator limitation, and seed set in the self-incompatible herb <em>Lythrum salicaria</em>. Ecology 77: 1779-1790.
  • Agren, J.; Ericson, L. 1996. Population structure and morph-specific fitness differences in tristylous <em>Lythrum salicaria</em>. Evolution 50: 126-139.
  • Anonymous 1995. Insect biological weed control of purple loosestrife. Fish and Wildlife Reference Service Newsletter 104: 1.
  • Barber, J. C. et.al. 2010. An expanded phylogeny of <em>Cuphea</em> (Lythraceae) and a North America monophyly. Pl. Syst. Evol. 289: 35-44.
  • Baskin, C. C. et.al. 2002. Effects of flooding and temperature on dormancy break in seeds of the summer annual mudflat species <em>Ammannia coccinea</em> and <em>Rotala ramosior</em> (Lythraceae). Wetlands 22: 661-668.
  • Blossey, B.; Schroeder, D.; Hight, S. D.; Malecki, R. A. 1994. Hostspecificity and environmental impact of two leaf beetles (<em>Galerucella calmariensis</em> and <em>G. pusilla</em>) for the biological control of purple loosestrife (<em>Lythrum salicaria</em>). Weed Science 42: 134-40.
  • Blossey, B.; Schroeder, D.; Hight, S. D.; Malecki, R. A. 1994. Hostspecificity and environmental impact of the weevil <em>Hylobius transversovittatus</em>, a biological control agent of purple loosestrife (<em>Lythrum salicaria</em>). Weed Science 42: 128-33.
  • Brown, B. J. et.al. 2002. Competition for pollination between an invasive species (purple loosestrife) and a native congener. Ecology 83: 2328-2336.
  • Brown, B. J.; Wickstrom, C. E. 1997. Adventitious root production and survival of purple loosestrife (<em>Lythrum salicaria</em>) shoot sections. Ohio J. Science 97: 2-4.
  • Brown, W. T. et.al. 2001. Volunteer monitoring of nonindigenous invasive plant species in the Adirondack Park, New York, USA. Natural Areas Journal 21: 189-196.
  • Brownell, V. R. et.al. 1996. Recent discoveries of southern vascular plants at their northern limits in the granite barrens area of Lennox and Addington County, Ontario. Canad. Field-Naturalist 110: 255-259.
  • Carroll, D. 1994. Subduing purple loosestrife. Conservationist 49(1): 6-9.
  • Cheung, M.; Sattler, R. 1967. Early floral development of <em>Lythrum salicaria</em>. Canad. J. Bot. 45: 1609-1623.
  • Colautti, R. I. et.al. 2010. Variation of self-incompatibility within invasive populations of purple loosestrife (<em>Lythrum salicaria</em> L.) from eastern North America. Int. J. Plant Sci. 171: 158-166.
  • Conti, E.; Fischbach, A.; Sytsma, K. J. 1993. Tribal relationships in Onagraceae: implications from rbcL sequence data. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 80: 672-685.
  • Cook, C. D. K. 1979. A revision of the genus <em>Rotala</em> Lythraceae. Boissiera 29: 1-156.
  • Da Silva, E. M.; Sargent, R. D. 2011. The effect of invasive <em>Lythrum salicaria</em> pollen deposition on seed set in the native species <em>Decodon verticillatus</em>. Botany 89: 141-146.
  • Dalby, R. 2001. Three bee plants: purple loosestrife, vetch, and safflower. Amer. Bee J. 141: 53-55.
  • Dorken, M. E.; Eckert, C. G. 2001. Severely reduced sexual reproduction in northern populations of a clonal plant, <em>Decodon verticillatus</em> (Lythraceae). J. Ecol. 89: 339-350.
  • Eckert, C. G. 2002. Effect of geographic variation in pollinator fauna on the mating system of <em>Decodon verticillatus</em> (Lythraceae). Int. J. Plant Sci. 163: 123-132.
  • Eckert, C. G.; Allen, M. 1997. Cryptic self-incompatibility in tristylous <em>Decodon verticillatus</em> (Lythraceae). Amer. J. Bot. 84: 1391-7.
  • Eckert, C. G.; Barrett, S. C. H. 1994. Post-pollination mechanisms and the maintenance of outcrossing in self-compatable <em>Decodon vereticillatus</em>. Heredity 72: 396-411.
  • Eckert, C. G.; Barrett, S. C. H. 1993. Clonal reproduction and patterns of genotypic diversity in <em>Decodon verticillatus</em> (Lythraceae). Amer. J. Bot. 80: 1175-1182.
  • Eckert, C. G.; Barrett, S. C. H. 1993. The inheritance of tristyly in <em>Decodon verticillatus</em> (Lythraceae). Heredity 71: 473-480.
  • Eckert, C. G.; Barrett, S. C. H. 1995. Style morph ratios in tristylous <em>Decodon verticillatus</em> (Lythraceae): selection vs. historical contingency. Ecology 76: 1051-1066.
  • Eckert, C. G.; Barrett, S. C. H. 1994. Inbreeding depression in partially self-fertilizing <em>Decodon verticillatus</em> (Lythraceae): Population-genetic and experimental analyses. Evolution 48: 952-964.
  • Eckert, C. G.; Barrett, S. C. H. 1994. Tristyly, self-incompatibility and floral variation in <em>Decodon verticillatus</em> (Lythraceae). Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 53: 1-30.
  • Eckert, C. G.; Dorken, M. E.; Mitchell, S. A. 1999. Loss of sex in clonal populations of a flowering plant, <em>Decodon verticillatus</em> (Lythraceae). Evolution 53: 1079-1092.
  • Grabas, G. P.; Laverty, T. M. 1999. The effect of purple loosestrife (<em>Lythrum salicaria</em> L.; Lythraceae) on the pollination and reproductive success of sympatric co-flowering wetland plants. Ecoscience 6: 230-242.
  • Graham, A. et.al. 1985. Palynology and systematics of the Lythraceae I. Introduction and genera <em>Adenaria</em> through <em>Ginoria</em>. Amer. J. Bot. 72: 1012-1031.
  • Graham, A. et.al. 1990. Palynology and systematics of the Lythraceae III. Genera <em>Physocalmma</em> through <em>Woodfordia</em> addenda and conclusions. Amer. J. Bot. 77: 159-177.
  • Graham, S. A. 2001. The problematic typification of <em>Cuphea</em> (Lythraceae). Taxon 50: 487-490.
  • Graham, S. A. 1964. The genera of the <em>Lythraceae</em> in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor 45: 235-250.
  • Graham, S. A. 1975. Taxonomy of the <em>Lythraceae</em> in the southeastern United States. Sida 6: 80-103.
  • Graham, S. A. 1979. The origin of <em>Ammonnia x cocinea</em> Rottboell. Taxon 28: 169-178.
  • Graham, S. A. 1985. A revision of <em>Ammannia (iLythraceae)</em> in the western hemisphere. J. Arnold Arbor 66: 395-420.
  • Graham, S. A. et.al. 2005. Phylogenetic analysis of the Lythraceae based on four gene regions and morphology. Int. J. Plant Sci. 166: 995-1017. (also Trapaceae)
  • Graham, S. A. et.al. 2006. A phylogenetic study of <em>Cuphea</em> (Lythraceae) based on morphology and nuclear rDNA ITS sequences. Syst. Bot. 31: 764-778.
  • Graham, S. A.; Cavalcanti, T. B. 2001. New chromosome counts in the Lythraceae and a review of chromosome numbers in the family. Syst. Bot. 26: 445-458.
  • Grevstad, F. S. 2006. Ten-year impacts of the biological control agents <em>Galerucella pusilla</em> and <em>G. Calmariensis</em> (Coleoptera : Chrysomelidae) on purple loosestrife (<em>Lythrum salicaria</em>) in Central New York State. Biological Control 39: 1-8.
  • Hager, H. A. 2004. Differential effects of <em>Typha</em> litter and plants on invasive <em>Lythrum salicaria</em> seedling survival and growth. Biological Invasions 6: 433-444.
  • Haldane, J. B. S. 1936. Some natural populations of <em>Lythrum salicaria</em>. J. Genet. 32: 393-397.
  • Hermann, B. P. et.al. 1999. Quantitative evaluation of stigma polymorphism in a tristylous weed, <em>Lythrum salicaria</em> (Lythraceae). Amer. J. Bot. 86: 1121-1129.
  • Hight, S. D.; Blossey, B.; Laing, J.; Declerck-Floate, R. 1995. Establishment of insect biological control agents from Europe against <em>Lythrum salicaria</em> in North America. Environ. Entomol. 24: 967-77.
  • Houghton-Thompson, J. et.al. 2005. Evidence of hybridization between <em>Lythrum salicaria</em> (purple loosestrife) and <em>L. alatum</em> (winged loosestrife) in North America. Ann. Bot. (London) 96: 877-885.
  • Huang, Y. L.; Shi, S. 2002. Phylogenetics of Lythraceae sensu lato: a preliminary analysis based on chloroplast rbcL gene, psaA-ycf3 spacer, and nuclear RDNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences. Int. J. Plant Sci. 163: 215-225.
  • Keddy, P. A.; Constabel, P. 1986. Germination of ten shoreline plants in relation to seed size, soil particle size and water level: an experimental study.
  • Klips, R. A.; Penalosa, J. 2003. The timing of seed fall, innate dormancy, and ambient temperature in <em>Lythrum salicaria</em>. Aquatic Botany 75: 1-7.
  • Lavoie, C. 2010. Should we care about purple loosestrife? The history of an invasive plant in North America. Biological Invasions 12: 1967-1999.
  • Mahaney, W. M. et.al. 2006. Impacts of <em>Lythrum salicaria</em> invasion on plant community and soil properties in two wetlands in central New York, USA. Canad. J. Bot. 84: 477-484.
  • Mal, T. K. 1998. Developmental aspects of tristyly in <em>Lythrum salicaria</em>. Canad. J. Bot. 76: 1214-1226.
  • Mal, T. K. et.al. 1992. The biology of Canadian weeds. 100. <em>Lythrum salicaria</em>. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 72: 1305-30.
  • Mal, T. K.; Hermann, B. P. 2000. Quantitative evaluation of pollen polymorphism in a tristylous weed, <em>Lythrum salicaria</em> (Lythraceae). Canad. J. Bot. 78: 1086-1094.
  • Mal, T. K.; Lovett Doust, J. 2005. Phenotypic plasticity in vegetative and reproductive traits in an invasive weed, <em>Lythrum salicaria</em> (Lythraceae), in response to soil moisture. Amer. J. Bot. 92: 819-825.
  • Mal, T. K.; Lovett Doust, J.; Lovett Doust, L. 1997. Time-dependent competitive displacement of <em>Typha angustifolia</em> by <em>Lythrum salicaria</em>. Oikos 79: 26-33.
  • Mal, T. K.; Lovett-Doust, J.; Lovett-Doust, L. 1999. Maternal and paternal success among flower morphs in tristylous <em>Lythrum salicaria</em>. Aquatic Botany 63: 229-239.
  • McCaughey, T. L.; Stephenson, G. R. 2000. Time of flowering to seed viability in purple loosestrife (<em>Lythrum salicaria</em>). Aquatic Botany 66: 57-68.
  • Miller, R. J. et.al. 2009. Spatiotemporal analysis of three common wetland invasive plant species using herbarium specimens and geographic information systems. Castanea 74: 133-145.
  • Molero, J. et.al. 1999. The typification of <em>Cuphea</em> (Lythraceae): <em>C. viscosissima</em> versus <em>C. decandra</em>. Taxon 48: 797-799.
  • Moloney, K. A. et.al. 2009. Evidence for a shift in life-history strategy during the secondary phase of a plant invasion. Biological Invasions 11: 625-634. (Lythrum salicaria)
  • Mullin, B. H. 1998. The biology and management of purple loosestrife (<em>Lythrum salicaria</em>). Weed Technol. 12: 397-401.
  • Muth, N. Z.; Hamburg, S. P. 1998. Addressing purple loosestrife management in Rhode Island. Northeastern Naturalist 5: 67-74.
  • Myers, J. A. et.al. 2004. Seed dispersal by white-tailed deer: implications for long-distance dispersal, invasion, and migration of plants in eastern North America. Oecologia 139: 35-44.
  • Nagel, J. M.; Griffin, K. L. 2001. Construction cost and invasive potential: comparing <em>Lythrum salicaria</em> (Lythraceae) with co-occurring native species along pond banks. Amer. J. Bot. 88: 2252-2258.
  • Nagel, J. M.; Griffin, K. L. 2004. Can gas-exchange characteristics help explain the invasive success of <em>Lythrum salicaria</em>? Biological Invasions 6: 101-111.
  • O'Neil, P. 1992. Variation in male and female reproductive success aong floral morphs in the tristylous plant <em>Lythrum salicaria</em> (Lythraceae). Amer. J. Bot. 79: 1024-1030.
  • O'Neil, P. 1994. Genetic incompatibility and offspring quality in the trisylous plant <em>Lythrum salicaria</em> (Lythraceae). Amer. J. Bot. 81: 76-84.
  • Ornduff, R. 1993. Intramorph and intermorph compatibility in tristylous populations of <em>Decodon verticillatus</em> (Lythraceae). Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 120: 19-22.
  • Panigrahi, S. G. 1988. Contribution of anatomy to the systematics of <em>Rotala</em> L. Lythraceae. Bull. Bot. Survey India 30: 90-100.
  • Panigrahi, S. G. 1986. Seed morphology of <em>Rotala</em> L. <em>Ammania</em> L. <em>Nesaea</em> Kunth and <em>Hionanthera</em> Fernandes and Diniz Lythraceae. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 93: 389-404.
  • Rachich, J.; Reader, R. J. 1999. An experimental study of wetland invasibility by purple loosestrife (<em>Lythrum salicaria</em>). Canad. J. Bot. 77: 1499-1503.
  • Rendall, J. 1987. Element stewardship abstract for <em>Lythrum salicaria</em>- purple loosestrife.
  • Shamsi, S. R. A.; Whitehead, F. H. 1974. Comparative ecophysiology of <em>Epilobium hirsutum</em> L., and <em>Lythrum salicaria</em> L. I. General biology, distribution and germination. J. Ecol. 62: 279-290.
  • Stout, A. B. 1923. Studies of <em>Lythrum salicaria</em> I. The efficiency of self-pollination. Amer. J. Bot. 10: 440-449.
  • Strayer, D. L. et.al. 2005. Interactions between alien species and restoration of large-river ecosystems. Archiv fuer Hydrobiologie Suppl. 155: 133-145. (Lythrum, Phragmites, Trapa)
  • Stuckey, R. L. 1980. Distributional history of <em>Lythrum salicaria</em> (purple loosestrife) in North America. Bartonia 47: 3-20.
  • Thompson, D. Q.; Stuckey, R. L.; Thompson, E. B. 1987. Spread, impact, and control of purple loosestrife (<em>Lythrum salicaria</em>) in North American wetlands.
  • Waites, A. R.; Agren, J. 2006. Stigma receptivity and effects of prior self-pollination on seed set in tristylous <em>Lythrum salicaria</em> (Lythraceae). Amer. J. Bot. 93: 142-147.
  • Welling, C. H.; Becker, R. L. 1990. Seed bank dynamics of <em>Lythrum salicaria</em> L.: implications for control of this species in North America. Aquatic Botany 38: 303-9.
  • Yakimowski, S. B.; Hager, H. A.; Eckert, C. G. et.al. 2005. Limits and effects of invasion by the nonindigenous wetland plant <em>Lythrum salicaria</em> (purple loosestrife): a seed bank analysis. Biological Invasions 7: 687-698. (Also Typha)
  • Young, J. A.; Clements, C. D. 2001. Purple loosestrife (<em>Lythrum salicaria</em>) seed germination. Weed Technol. 15: 337-342.