Genus: Lythrum

By Science Staff

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 01/25/2013

Back to Lythraceae


Lythrum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 446. 1753.

List of Lythrum Species

References to Lythrum

  • Agren, J. 1996. Population size, pollinator limitation, and seed set in the self-incompatible herb Lythrum salicaria. Ecology 77: 1779-1790.
  • Agren, J.; Ericson, L. 1996. Population structure and morph-specific fitness differences in tristylous Lythrum salicaria. Evolution 50: 126-139.
  • Blossey, B.; Schroeder, D.; Hight, S. D.; Malecki, R. A. 1994. Hostspecificity and environmental impact of two leaf beetles (Galerucella calmariensis and G. pusilla) for the biological control of purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria). Weed Science 42: 134-40.
  • Blossey, B.; Schroeder, D.; Hight, S. D.; Malecki, R. A. 1994. Hostspecificity and environmental impact of the weevil Hylobius transversovittatus, a biological control agent of purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria). Weed Science 42: 128-33.
  • Brown, B. J. 2002. Competition for pollination between an invasive species (purple loosestrife) and a native congener. Ecology 83: 2328-2336.
  • Brown, B. J.; Wickstrom, C. E. 1997. Adventitious root production and survival of purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) shoot sections. Ohio J. Science 97: 2-4.
  • Brown, W. T. 2001. Volunteer monitoring of nonindigenous invasive plant species in the Adirondack Park, New York, USA. Natural Areas Journal 21: 189-196.
  • Cheung, M.; Sattler, R. 1967. Early floral development of Lythrum salicaria. Canad. J. Bot. 45: 1609-1623.
  • Colautti, R. I. 2010. Variation of self-incompatibility within invasive populations of purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria L.) from eastern North America. Int. J. Plant Sci. 171: 158-166.
  • Da Silva, E. M.; Sargent, R. D. 2011. The effect of invasive Lythrum salicaria pollen deposition on seed set in the native species Decodon verticillatus. Botany 89: 141-146.
  • Dalby, R. 2001. Three bee plants: purple loosestrife, vetch, and safflower. Amer. Bee J. 141: 53-55.
  • Grabas, G. P.; Laverty, T. M. 1999. The effect of purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria L.; Lythraceae) on the pollination and reproductive success of sympatric co-flowering wetland plants. Ecoscience 6: 230-242.
  • Graham, S. A.; Cavalcanti, T. B. 2001. New chromosome counts in the Lythraceae and a review of chromosome numbers in the family. Syst. Bot. 26: 445-458.
  • Grevstad, F. S. 2006. Ten-year impacts of the biological control agents Galerucella pusilla and G. Calmariensis (Coleoptera : Chrysomelidae) on purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) in Central New York State. Biological Control 39: 1-8.
  • Hager, H. A. 2004. Differential effects of Typha litter and plants on invasive Lythrum salicaria seedling survival and growth. Biological Invasions 6: 433-444.
  • Haldane, J. B. S. 1936. Some natural populations of Lythrum salicaria. J. Genet. 32: 393-397.
  • Hermann, B. P. 1999. Quantitative evaluation of stigma polymorphism in a tristylous weed, Lythrum salicaria (Lythraceae). Amer. J. Bot. 86: 1121-1129.
  • Hight, S. D.; Blossey, B.; Laing, J.; Declerck-Floate, R. 1995. Establishment of insect biological control agents from Europe against Lythrum salicaria in North America. Environ. Entomol. 24: 967-77.
  • Houghton-Thompson, J. 2005. Evidence of hybridization between Lythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) and L. alatum (winged loosestrife) in North America. Ann. Bot. (London) 96: 877-885.
  • Keddy, P. A.; Constabel, P. 1986. Germination of ten shoreline plants in relation to seed size, soil particle size and water level: an experimental study.
  • Klips, R. A.; Penalosa, J. 2003. The timing of seed fall, innate dormancy, and ambient temperature in Lythrum salicaria. Aquatic Botany 75: 1-7.
  • Lavoie, C. 2010. Should we care about purple loosestrife? The history of an invasive plant in North America. Biological Invasions 12: 1967-1999.
  • Mahaney, W. M. 2006. Impacts of Lythrum salicaria invasion on plant community and soil properties in two wetlands in central New York, USA. Canad. J. Bot. 84: 477-484.
  • Mal, T. K. 1998. Developmental aspects of tristyly in Lythrum salicaria. Canad. J. Bot. 76: 1214-1226.
  • Mal, T. K. 1992. The biology of Canadian weeds. 100. Lythrum salicaria. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 72: 1305-30.
  • Mal, T. K.; Hermann, B. P. 2000. Quantitative evaluation of pollen polymorphism in a tristylous weed, Lythrum salicaria (Lythraceae). Canad. J. Bot. 78: 1086-1094.
  • Mal, T. K.; Lovett Doust, J. 2005. Phenotypic plasticity in vegetative and reproductive traits in an invasive weed, Lythrum salicaria (Lythraceae), in response to soil moisture. Amer. J. Bot. 92: 819-825.
  • Mal, T. K.; Lovett Doust, J.; Lovett Doust, L. 1997. Time-dependent competitive displacement of Typha angustifolia by Lythrum salicaria. Oikos 79: 26-33.
  • Mal, T. K.; Lovett-Doust, J.; Lovett-Doust, L. 1999. Maternal and paternal success among flower morphs in tristylous Lythrum salicaria. Aquatic Botany 63: 229-239.
  • McCaughey, T. L.; Stephenson, G. R. 2000. Time of flowering to seed viability in purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria). Aquatic Botany 66: 57-68.
  • Miller, R. J. 2009. Spatiotemporal analysis of three common wetland invasive plant species using herbarium specimens and geographic information systems. Castanea 74: 133-145.
  • Moloney, K. A. 2009. Evidence for a shift in life-history strategy during the secondary phase of a plant invasion. Biological Invasions 11: 625-634. (Lythrum salicaria)
  • Mullin, B. H. 1998. The biology and management of purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria). Weed Technol. 12: 397-401.
  • Muth, N. Z.; Hamburg, S. P. 1998. Addressing purple loosestrife management in Rhode Island. Northeastern Naturalist 5: 67-74.
  • Myers, J. A. 2004. Seed dispersal by white-tailed deer: implications for long-distance dispersal, invasion, and migration of plants in eastern North America. Oecologia 139: 35-44.
  • Nagel, J. M.; Griffin, K. L. 2001. Construction cost and invasive potential: comparing Lythrum salicaria (Lythraceae) with co-occurring native species along pond banks. Amer. J. Bot. 88: 2252-2258.
  • Nagel, J. M.; Griffin, K. L. 2004. Can gas-exchange characteristics help explain the invasive success of Lythrum salicaria? Biological Invasions 6: 101-111.
  • O'Neil, P. 1992. Variation in male and female reproductive success aong floral morphs in the tristylous plant Lythrum salicaria (Lythraceae). Amer. J. Bot. 79: 1024-1030.
  • O'Neil, P. 1994. Genetic incompatibility and offspring quality in the trisylous plant Lythrum salicaria (Lythraceae). Amer. J. Bot. 81: 76-84.
  • Rachich, J.; Reader, R. J. 1999. An experimental study of wetland invasibility by purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria). Canad. J. Bot. 77: 1499-1503.
  • Rendall, J. 1987. Element stewardship abstract for Lythrum salicaria- purple loosestrife.
  • Shamsi, S. R. A.; Whitehead, F. H. 1974. Comparative ecophysiology of Epilobium hirsutum L., and Lythrum salicaria L. I. General biology, distribution and germination. J. Ecol. 62: 279-290.
  • Stout, A. B. 1923. Studies of Lythrum salicaria I. The efficiency of self-pollination. Amer. J. Bot. 10: 440-449.
  • Strayer, D. L. 2005. Interactions between alien species and restoration of large-river ecosystems. Archiv fuer Hydrobiologie Suppl. 155: 133-145. (Lythrum, Phragmites, Trapa)
  • Stuckey, R. L. 1980. Distributional history of Lythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) in North America. Bartonia 47: 3-20.
  • Thompson, D. Q.; Stuckey, R. L.; Thompson, E. B. 1987. Spread, impact, and control of purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) in North American wetlands.
  • Waites, A. R.; Agren, J. 2006. Stigma receptivity and effects of prior self-pollination on seed set in tristylous Lythrum salicaria (Lythraceae). Amer. J. Bot. 93: 142-147.
  • Welling, C. H.; Becker, R. L. 1990. Seed bank dynamics of Lythrum salicaria L.: implications for control of this species in North America. Aquatic Botany 38: 303-9.
  • Yakimowski, S. B.; Hager, H. A.; Eckert, C. G. 2005. Limits and effects of invasion by the nonindigenous wetland plant Lythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife): a seed bank analysis. Biological Invasions 7: 687-698. (Also Typha)
  • Young, J. A.; Clements, C. D. 2001. Purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) seed germination. Weed Technol. 15: 337-342.