New York Metropolitan Flora

Family: Violaceae

By Science Staff

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 03/20/2013

Nomenclature

List of Violaceae Genera

References to Violaceae

  • Antlfinger, A. E. et.al. 1985. Environmental and genetic determinants of plant size in <em>Viola sororia</em>. Evolution 39: 1053-1064.
  • Ballard, H. E. 1990. Hybrids among three caulescent violets, with special reference to Michigan. Michigan Bot. 29: 43-54.
  • Ballard, H. E. et.al. 1998. Shrinking the violets: Phylogenetic relationships of infrageneric groups in <em>Viola</em> (Violaceae) based on internal transcribed spacer DNA sequences. Syst. Bot. 23: 439-458.
  • Banasinska, A.; Kuta, E. 1996. Allogamy in <em>Viola odorata</em> L. Acta Biologica Cracoviensia Series Botanica 38: 41-51.
  • Baskin, J. M.; Baskin, C. C. 1995. Variation in the annual dormancy cycle in buried seeds of the weedy winter annual <em>Viola arvensis</em>. Weed Research 35: 353-362.
  • Camp, W. H. 1947. Distribution patterns in modern plants and the problems of ancient dispersals. Ecol. Monogr. 17: 161-83.
  • Camp, W. H. 1961. The pattern of variability and evolution in plants. In: A Darwin Centenary. The Botanical Society of the British Isles, London. , 44-70 pages.
  • Canne, J. M. 1987. Determinations of chromosome numbers in <em>Viola</em> Violaceae. Canad. J. Bot. 65: 653-655.
  • Chancellor, R. J. 1986. Decline of arable weed seeds during 20 Years in soil under grass and the periodicity of seedling emergence after cultivation.
  • Cook, R. E.; Lyons, E. E. 1983. The biology of <em>Viola fimbriatula</em> in a natural disturbance. Ecology 64: 654-660.
  • Cortes-Palomec, A. C. et.al. 2006. Population genetic structure in temperate and tropical species of <em>Viola</em> (Violaceae) with a mixed breeding system. Int. J. Plant Sci. 167: 503-512. ((V. striata))
  • Cortes-Palomec, A. C.; Ballard, H. E. 2006. Influence of annual fluctuations in environmental conditions on chasmogamous flower production in <em>Viola striata</em>. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 133: 312-320.
  • Culley, T. M. 2002. Reproductive biology and delayed selfing in <em>Viola pubescens</em> (Violaceae), an understory herb with chasmogamous and cleistogamous flowers. Int. J. Plant Sci. 163: 113-122.
  • Culley, T. M. 2000. Inbreeding depression and floral type fitness differences in <em>Viola canadensis</em> (Violaceae), a species with chasmogamous and cleistogamous flowers. Canad. J. Bot. 78: 1420-1429.
  • Culley, T. M.; Grubb, T. C. 2003. Genetic effects of habitat fragmentation in <em>Viola pubescens</em> (Violaceae), a perennial herb with chasmogamous and cleistogamous flowers. Molec. Ecol. 12: 2919-2930.
  • Curtis, W. F. 1984. Photosynthetic potential of sun and shade <em>Viola</em> spp. Canad. J. Bot. 62: 1273-1278.
  • Detjen, L. R. 1920. Pelorias in <em>Viola primulaefolia</em> Linn. Torreya 20: 107-116.
  • Doohan, D. J. et.al. 1991. Factors influencing germination of field violet <em>Viola arvensis</em>. Weed Science 39: 601-606.
  • Doohan, D. J.; Monaco, T. J. 1992. The biology of Canadian weeds 99. <em>Viola arvensis</em> Murr. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 72: 187-201.
  • Gates, B. N. 1943. Carunculate seed dissemination by ants. Rhodora 45: 438-445.
  • Gil-Ad, N. L. 1998. The micromorphologies of seed coats and petal trichomes of the taxa of <em>Viola</em> subsect. Boreali-Americanae (Violaceae) and their utility in discerning orthospecies from hybrids. Brittonia 50: 91-121.
  • Griffith, C. 1998. The response of <em>Viola blanda</em> Willd. (Violaceae) to phosphorus fertilization and shading. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 125: 194-198.
  • Handel, S. N.; Fisch, S. B.; Schatz, G. E. 1981. Ants disperse a majority of herbs in a mesic forest community in New York State. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 108: 430-437.
  • Kapoor, B. M. et.al. 1987. Annotated list of the chromosome numbers of the vascular flora of northeastern America V. Naturaliste Canad. 114: 105-116.
  • Lehr, J. H. 1964. <em>Viola papiliionaceae</em> Pursh forma <em>Michaeli</em> E. Creutz. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 91: 334-335.
  • Little, R. J. 1996. Nomenclatural correction in <em>Viola</em> (Violaceae). Phytologia 80: 295.
  • Little, R. J.; McKinney, L. E. 2010. Four nomenclatural changes in <em>Viola</em> (Violaceae). J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 4: 225-226.
  • McKinney, L. E. 1992. A taxonomic revision of the acaulescent blue violets (<em>Viola</em>) of North America. (ISSN: 0883-1475)
  • McKinney, L. E.; Russell, N. H. 2002. Violaceae of the southeastern United States. Castanea 67: 369-379.
  • Paratley, R. D. 1986. Vegetation-environment relations in a conifer swamp in central New York. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 113: 357-371.
  • Pollard, C. L. 1896. The purple-flowered, stemless violets of the Atlantic coast. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 10: 85-92.
  • Ruhren, S.; Handel, S. N. 2003. Herbivory constrains survival, reproduction and mutualisms when restoring nine temperate forest herbs. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 130: 34-42.
  • Russell, N. H. 1965. Violets (<em>Viola</em>) of Central and Eastern United States: An introductory survey. Sida 2: 1-113.
  • Solbrig, O. T. et.al. 1980. The population biology of the genus <em>Viola</em> 1. The demography of <em>Viola sororia</em>. J. Ecol. 68: 521-546.
  • Solbrig, O. T. et.al. 1988. Studies on the population biology of the genus <em>Viola</em> VI. The demography of <em>Viola fimbriatula</em> and <em>Viola lanceolata</em>. J. Ecol. 76: 301-319.
  • Tessier, J. T. 2008. Leaf habit, phenology, and longevity of 11 forest understory plant species in Algonquin State Forest, northwest Connecticut, USA. Botany 86: 457-465.
  • Thompson, D. A.; Beattie, A. J. 1981. Density mediated seed and stolon production in <em>Viola</em> Violaceae. Amer. J. Bot. 68: 383-388.
  • Valentine, D. H. 1981. Hybrids between <em>Viola adunca</em> and <em>Viola conspersa</em>. Canad. J. Bot. 59: 1364-1365.
  • Wofford, B. E. et.al. 2004. The rediscovery of the South American <em>Hybanthus parviflorus</em> (Violaceae) in North America. Sida 21: 1209-1214.
  • Yockteng, R. et.al. 2003. Relationships among pansies (<em>Viola</em> section <em>Melanium</em>) investigated using ITS and ISSR narkers. Pl. Syst. Evol. 241: 153-170.
  • Zika, P. F. 2003. Notes on the provenance of some eastern wetland species disjunct in western North America. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 130: 43-46.