New York Metropolitan Flora

Family: Euphorbiaceae

By Science Staff

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 04/08/2013

List of Euphorbiaceae Genera

References to Euphorbiaceae

  • Anderson, K. 1992. Two new adventives for New Jersey. Bartonia 57: 104-5.
  • Baskin, C. C. et.al. 1998. Effect of seasonal temperature changes on germination responses of buried seeds of Agalinis fasciculata (Scrophulariaceae), and a comparison with 12 other summer annuals native to eastern North America. Plant Species Biol. 13: 77-84.
  • Biesboer, D. D.; Eckardt, N. 1996. Element stewardship abstract for Euphorbia esula - leafy spurge.
  • Carmichael, J. S.; Selbo, S. M. 1999. Ovule, embryo sac, embryo, and endosperm development in leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula). Canad. J. Bot. 77: 599-610.
  • Carter, S. 1994. A preliminary classification of Euphorbia subgenus Euphorbia. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 81: 368-379.
  • Cid-Benevento, C. R. 1987. Relative effects of light, soil moisture availability, and vegetation size on sex ratio of two monecious woodland annual herbs Acalypha rhomboidea Euphorbiaceae and Pilea pumila Urticaceae. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 114: 293-306.
  • Crompton, C. W.; Stahevitch, A. E.; Wojtas, W. A. 1990. Morphometric studies of the Euphorbia esula group in North America. Canad. J. Bot. 68: 1978-1988.
  • Delendick, T. J. 1990. Acalypha australis L. (Euphorbiaceae) new to New York State. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 117: 291-3.
  • Foley, M. E. 2004. Leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula) seed dormancy. Weed Science 52: 74-77.
  • Foley, M. E. et.al. 2090. The effects of temperature, photoperiod, and vernalization on regrowth and flowering competence in Euphorbia esula (Euphorbiaceae). Botany 87: 986-992.
  • House, H. D. 1921. Nomenclatural notes on certain American plants. I. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 7: 126-35.
  • Kingsbury, J. M. 1966. Poison ivy, poison sumac and other rash-producing plants. Cornell Extension Bulletin 1154: 1-16.
  • Krochmal, A. 1952. Seeds of weedy Euphorbia species and their identification. Weeds 1: 243-255.
  • Levin, G. A. 1999. Notes on Acalypha (Euphorbiaceae) in North America. Rhodora 101: 217-233.
  • Mack, R. N. 2003. Plant naturalizations and invasions in the eastern United States: 1634-1860. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 90: 77-90.
  • Narbona, E. et.al. 2002. Functional andromonoecy in Euphorbia (Euphorbiaceae). Ann. Bot. (London) 89: 571-577.
  • Park, K. R. 2000. Seed morphology of Euphorbia section Tithymalopsis (Euphorbiaceae) and related species. J. Pl. Biol. 43: 76-81.
  • Pemberton, R. W.; Irving, D. W. 1990. Elaiosomes on weed seeds and the potential for myrmecochory in naturalized plants.
  • Prenner, G.; Rudall, P. J. 2007. Comparative ontogeny of the cyathium in Euphorbia (Euphorbiaceae) and its allies: exploring the organ-flower-inflorescence boundary. Amer. J. Bot. 94: 1612-1629.
  • Selbo, S. M.; Carmichael, J. S. 1999. Reproductive biology of leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula L.): breeding system analysis. Canad. J. Bot. 77: 1684-1688.
  • Stahevitch, A. E.; Crompton, C. W.; Wojtas, W. A. 1988. The biology of Canadian weeds. 85. Euphorbia cyparissias L. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 65: 175-191.
  • Wald, E. J. et.al. 2005. Dispersal of leafy Spurge (Euphorbia esula L.) seeds in the feces of wildlife. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 154: 342-357.
  • Wurdack, K. J.; Hoffmann, P.; Chase, M. W. 2005. Molecular phylogenetic analysis of uniovulate Euphorbiaceae (Euphorbiaceae sensu stricto) using plastid RBCL and TRNL-F DNA sequences. Amer. J. Bot. 92: 1397-1420.
  • Yang, Y.; Berry, P. E. 2011. Phylogenetics of the Chamaesyce clade (Euphorbia, Euphorbiaceae): reticulate evolution and long-distance dispersal in a prominent C4 lineage. Amer. J. Bot. 98: 1486-1503.
  • Zimmermann, N. F. A. et.al. 2010. Further support for the phylogenetic relationships within Euphorbia L. (Euphorbiaceae) from nrITS and trnL-trnF IGS sequence data. Pl. Syst. Evol. 286: 39-58.
  • van Ee, B. W. et.al. 2011. A revised infrageneric classification and molecular phylogeny of New World Croton (Euphorbiaceae). Taxon 60: 791-823.