New York Metropolitan Flora

Family: Euphorbiaceae

By Science Staff

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 04/08/2013


List of Euphorbiaceae Genera

References to Euphorbiaceae

  • Anderson, K. 1992. Two new adventives for New Jersey. Bartonia 57: 104-5.
  • Baskin, C. C. 1998. Effect of seasonal temperature changes on germination responses of buried seeds of <em>Agalinis fasciculata</em> (Scrophulariaceae), and a comparison with 12 other summer annuals native to eastern North America. Plant Species Biol. 13: 77-84.
  • Biesboer, D. D.; Eckardt, N. 1996. Element stewardship abstract for <em>Euphorbia esula</em> - leafy spurge.
  • Carmichael, J. S.; Selbo, S. M. 1999. Ovule, embryo sac, embryo, and endosperm development in leafy spurge (<em>Euphorbia esula</em>). Canad. J. Bot. 77: 599-610.
  • Carter, S. 1994. A preliminary classification of <em>Euphorbia</em> subgenus <em>Euphorbia</em>. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 81: 368-379.
  • Cid-Benevento, C. R. 1987. Relative effects of light, soil moisture availability, and vegetation size on sex ratio of two monecious woodland annual herbs <em>Acalypha rhomboidea</em> Euphorbiaceae and <em>Pilea pumila</em> Urticaceae. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 114: 293-306.
  • Crompton, C. W.; Stahevitch, A. E.; Wojtas, W. A. 1990. Morphometric studies of the <em>Euphorbia esula</em> group in North America. Canad. J. Bot. 68: 1978-1988.
  • Delendick, T. J. 1990. <em>Acalypha australis</em> L. (Euphorbiaceae) new to New York State. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 117: 291-3.
  • Foley, M. E. 2004. Leafy spurge (<em>Euphorbia esula</em>) seed dormancy. Weed Science 52: 74-77.
  • Foley, M. E. 2090. The effects of temperature, photoperiod, and vernalization on regrowth and flowering competence in <em>Euphorbia esula</em> (Euphorbiaceae). Botany 87: 986-992.
  • House, H. D. 1921. Nomenclatural notes on certain American plants. I. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 7: 126-35.
  • Kingsbury, J. M. 1966. Poison ivy, poison sumac and other rash-producing plants. Cornell Extension Bulletin 1154: 1-16.
  • Krochmal, A. 1952. Seeds of weedy <em>Euphorbia</em> species and their identification. Weeds 1: 243-255.
  • Levin, G. A. 1999. Notes on <em>Acalypha</em> (Euphorbiaceae) in North America. Rhodora 101: 217-233.
  • Mack, R. N. 2003. Plant naturalizations and invasions in the eastern United States: 1634-1860. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 90: 77-90.
  • Narbona, E. 2002. Functional andromonoecy in <em>Euphorbia</em> (Euphorbiaceae). Ann. Bot. (London) 89: 571-577.
  • Park, K. R. 2000. Seed morphology of <em>Euphorbia</em> section <em>Tithymalopsis</em> (Euphorbiaceae) and related species. J. Pl. Biol. 43: 76-81.
  • Pemberton, R. W.; Irving, D. W. 1990. Elaiosomes on weed seeds and the potential for myrmecochory in naturalized plants.
  • Prenner, G.; Rudall, P. J. 2007. Comparative ontogeny of the cyathium in <em>Euphorbia</em> (Euphorbiaceae) and its allies: exploring the organ-flower-inflorescence boundary. Amer. J. Bot. 94: 1612-1629.
  • Selbo, S. M.; Carmichael, J. S. 1999. Reproductive biology of leafy spurge (<em>Euphorbia esula</em> L.): breeding system analysis. Canad. J. Bot. 77: 1684-1688.
  • Stahevitch, A. E.; Crompton, C. W.; Wojtas, W. A. 1988. The biology of Canadian weeds. 85. Euphorbia cyparissias L. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 65: 175-191.
  • Wald, E. J. 2005. Dispersal of leafy Spurge (<em>Euphorbia esula</em> L.) seeds in the feces of wildlife. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 154: 342-357.
  • Wurdack, K. J.; Hoffmann, P.; Chase, M. W. 2005. Molecular phylogenetic analysis of uniovulate Euphorbiaceae (Euphorbiaceae sensu stricto) using plastid RBCL and TRNL-F DNA sequences. Amer. J. Bot. 92: 1397-1420.
  • Yang, Y.; Berry, P. E. 2011. Phylogenetics of the <em>Chamaesyce</em> clade (<em>Euphorbia</em>, Euphorbiaceae): reticulate evolution and long-distance dispersal in a prominent C4 lineage. Amer. J. Bot. 98: 1486-1503.
  • Zimmermann, N. F. A. 2010. Further support for the phylogenetic relationships within <em>Euphorbia</em> L. (Euphorbiaceae) from nrITS and trnL-trnF IGS sequence data. Pl. Syst. Evol. 286: 39-58.
  • van Ee, B. W. 2011. A revised infrageneric classification and molecular phylogeny of New World <em>Croton</em> (Euphorbiaceae). Taxon 60: 791-823.