New York Metropolitan Flora

Genus: Euphorbia

By Science Staff

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 02/01/2013

Back to Euphorbiaceae

List of Euphorbia Species

References to Euphorbia

  • Baskin, C. C. et.al. 1998. Effect of seasonal temperature changes on germination responses of buried seeds of Agalinis fasciculata (Scrophulariaceae), and a comparison with 12 other summer annuals native to eastern North America. Plant Species Biol. 13: 77-84.
  • Biesboer, D. D.; Eckardt, N. 1996. Element stewardship abstract for Euphorbia esula - leafy spurge.
  • Carmichael, J. S.; Selbo, S. M. 1999. Ovule, embryo sac, embryo, and endosperm development in leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula). Canad. J. Bot. 77: 599-610.
  • Carter, S. 1994. A preliminary classification of Euphorbia subgenus Euphorbia. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 81: 368-379.
  • Crompton, C. W.; Stahevitch, A. E.; Wojtas, W. A. 1990. Morphometric studies of the Euphorbia esula group in North America. Canad. J. Bot. 68: 1978-1988.
  • Foley, M. E. 2004. Leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula) seed dormancy. Weed Science 52: 74-77.
  • Foley, M. E. et.al. 2090. The effects of temperature, photoperiod, and vernalization on regrowth and flowering competence in Euphorbia esula (Euphorbiaceae). Botany 87: 986-992.
  • House, H. D. 1921. Nomenclatural notes on certain American plants. I. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 7: 126-35.
  • Kingsbury, J. M. 1966. Poison ivy, poison sumac and other rash-producing plants. Cornell Extension Bulletin 1154: 1-16.
  • Krochmal, A. 1952. Seeds of weedy Euphorbia species and their identification. Weeds 1: 243-255.
  • Mack, R. N. 2003. Plant naturalizations and invasions in the eastern United States: 1634-1860. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 90: 77-90.
  • Narbona, E. et.al. 2002. Functional andromonoecy in Euphorbia (Euphorbiaceae). Ann. Bot. (London) 89: 571-577.
  • Park, K. R. 2000. Seed morphology of Euphorbia section Tithymalopsis (Euphorbiaceae) and related species. J. Pl. Biol. 43: 76-81.
  • Prenner, G.; Rudall, P. J. 2007. Comparative ontogeny of the cyathium in Euphorbia (Euphorbiaceae) and its allies: exploring the organ-flower-inflorescence boundary. Amer. J. Bot. 94: 1612-1629.
  • Selbo, S. M.; Carmichael, J. S. 1999. Reproductive biology of leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula L.): breeding system analysis. Canad. J. Bot. 77: 1684-1688.
  • Stahevitch, A. E.; Crompton, C. W.; Wojtas, W. A. 1988. The biology of Canadian weeds. 85. Euphorbia cyparissias L. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 65: 175-191.
  • Wald, E. J. et.al. 2005. Dispersal of leafy Spurge (Euphorbia esula L.) seeds in the feces of wildlife. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 154: 342-357.
  • Zimmermann, N. F. A. et.al. 2010. Further support for the phylogenetic relationships within Euphorbia L. (Euphorbiaceae) from nrITS and trnL-trnF IGS sequence data. Pl. Syst. Evol. 286: 39-58.