New York Metropolitan Flora

Family: Ginkgoaceae

Ginkgo biloba

By Science Staff

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 03/20/2013

Nomenclature

List of Ginkgoaceae Genera

References to Ginkgoaceae

  • ; Yang, Q. E. 1993. A new morphological interpretation of the female reproductive organs in <em>Ginkgo biloba</em> L., with a phylogenetic consideration of gymnosperms. Acta Phytotax. Sin. 31: 294-6, 309-17. (In Chinese; English summary)
  • Andrews, S. 1996. Tree of the year: <em>Ginkgo biloba</em>. Int. Dendrol. Soc. Year Book 1995: 14-31.
  • Anonymous 1974. Maidenhair tree, <em>Ginkgo biloba</em> Ginkgo family (Ginkgoaceae). Morton Arbor. Quart. 10(1): 12-3.
  • Axelrod, D. I. 1983. Biogeography of oaks in the arcto-tertiary province. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 70: 629-57. (Many other genera disscussed)
  • Beck, C. B.; et al. et.al. 1988. Origin and evolution of Gymnosperms. Columbia University Press, New York. , 504 pages.
  • Braquet, P. (eds.) (1988): 1988. Ginkgolides- chemistry, biology, pharmacology, and clinical perspectives. Vol. 1-2. J.R. Prous, Barcelona.
  • Carothers, I. E. 1907. The development of the ovule and the female gametophyte of <em>Ginkgo biloba</em>. Bot. Gaz. 43: 116-30.
  • Chamberlain, C. J. 1935. Gymnosperms: Structure and Evolution. Univ. Chicago Press, Chicago.
  • Chen, L. Q. et.al. 2001. Assessing the potential for the stomatal chracters of extant and fossil <em>Ginkgo</em> leaves to signal atmospheric CO2 change. Amer. J. Bot. 88: 1309-1315.
  • Cook, M. T. 1902. Polyembryony in <em>Ginkgo</em>. Bot. Gaz. 34: 64.
  • Critchfield, W. B. 1970. Shoot growth and heterophylly in <em>Ginkgo biloba</em>. Bot. Gaz. 131(2): 150-62.
  • Dallimore, W.; Jackson, A. B. 1966. A handbook of Coniferae and Ginkgoaceae, revised by S.G. Harrison. ed. St. Martins Press, New York.
  • Del Tredici, P. 1992. Natural regeneration of <em>Ginkgo biloba</em> from downward growing cotyledonary buds (basal chichi). Amer. J. Bot. 79(5): 522-30.
  • Del Tredici, P. 1991. Ginkgos and people- a thousand years of interaction. Arnoldia (Jamaica Plain) 51: 3-15.
  • Del Tredici, P. 1981. The ginkgo, <em>Ginkgo biloba</em> in America. Arnoldia (Jamaica Plain) 41: 150-61.
  • Del Tredici, P. 2008. Wake up and smell the ginkgos. Arnoldia (Jamaica Plain) 66: 11-21.
  • Dogra, P. D. 1964. Pollination mechanisms in Gymnosperms. In: Advances in palynolgy. Lucknow. , 142-75 pages.
  • Dogra, P. D. 1980. Embryogeny of gymnosperms and taxonmy- an assessment. In: Glimpses in plant research, 5. New Delhi. , 114-28 pages.
  • Douglas, A. W. et.al. 2007. Ovule development in <em>Ginkgo biloba</em> L., with emphasis on the collar and nucellus. Int. J. Plant Sci. 168: 1207-1236.
  • Eames, A. J. 1955. The seed and Ginkgo. J. Arnold Arbor. 36: 165-70.
  • Favre-Duchartre, M. 1943. Sur le comportement des ovules de <em>Ginkgo biloba</em>. Bull. Soc. Bot. France 90: 111-6.
  • Favre-Duchartre, M. 1956. Contribution à l'Útude de la reproduction chez le <em>Ginkgo biloba</em>. Rev. Cytol. et Biol. Veg. 17: 1-218.
  • Favre-Duchartre, M. 1958. <em>Ginkgo</em>, an oviparous plant. Phytomorphology 8: 377-90.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 1993. Flora of North America, Volume 2. Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms. Oxford University Press, New York. , 475 pages. (For review see Castanea 59(4):368-369. 1994.)
  • Florin, R. 1955. The systematics of gymnosperms. In: A century of progress in the natural sciences, 1853-1953. California Acad. Sci., San Francisco. , 323-403 pages.
  • Flory, W. S. 1936. Chromosome numbers and phylogeny in the gymnosperms. J. Arnold Arbor. 17: 83-9.
  • Franklin, A. H. 1959. <em>Ginkgo biloba</em> L.: Historical summary and bibliography. Virginia J. Sci. 10: 131-76.
  • Friedman, W. E. 1987. Growth and development of the male gametophyte on <em>Ginkgo biloba</em> within the ovule (in vivo). Amer. J. Bot. 74(12): 1797-815.
  • Friedman, W. E.; Gifford, E. M. 1988. Division of the generative cell and late development in the male gametophyte of <em>Ginkgo biloba</em>. Amer. J. Bot. 75(9): 1434-42.
  • Fu De-Zhi, Y. Y.; Guang-Hua, Z. 2004. A new scheme of classification of living gymnosperms at family level. Kew Bull. 59: 111-116.
  • Fu, X. et al. et.al. 1994. A preliminary report of the study on pollination of <em>Ginkgo</em>. Guihaia 14(1): 81-4. (In Chinese; English summary)
  • Givnish, T. J. 1980. Ecological constraints on the evolution of breeding systems in seed plants: dioecy and dispersal in gymnosperms. Evolution 34: 959-72.
  • Holt, B. F.; Rothwell, G. W. 1997. Is <em>Ginkgo biloba</em> (Ginkgoaceae) really an oviparous plant? Amer. J. Bot. 84: 870-2.
  • Hori, T. et.al. (eds.) (1997): 1997. <em>Ginkgo biloba</em>: a global treasure. From biology to medicine. Springer-Verlag, Tokyo. (ISBN 4431702040)
  • Jaynes, R. A. (eds.) (1969): 1969. Handbook of North American nut trees. Northern Nut Growers Association, Knoxville, TN. , 421 pages.
  • Karnosky, D. F. 1981. Chamber and field evaluations of air pollution tolerances of urban trees. J. Arboric. 7: 99-105. (Sulphur dioxide, ozone, & oxidants)
  • Khan, A. G.; Valder, P. G. 1972. Occurence of root nodules in Ginkgoales, Taxales, and Coniferales. Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 97: 35-41.
  • Khoshoo, T. N. 1961. Chromosome numbers in gymnosperms. Silvae Genet. 10: 1-9.
  • Khoshoo, T. N. 1959. Polyploidy in gymnosperms. Evolution 13: 24-39.
  • Lee, C. L. 1955. Fertilization in <em>Ginkgo biloba</em>. Bot. Gaz. 117(2): 79-100.
  • Li, H. L. 1956. A horticultural and botanical history of <em>Ginkgo</em>. Morris Arbor. Bull. 7: 3-12.
  • Long Island Botanical Society Flora Committee. 1995. Conifers of Long Island. Long Island Botanical Society Newsletter 5(3): 13-7.
  • Ma, F. S.; Li, J. X. 1991. <em>Ginkgo biloba</em>: the ovuliferous leaf and its phylogenetic implication. Acta Phytotax. Sin. 29(2): 187-9. (In Chinese; English summary)
  • Major, R. T. 1967. The <em>Ginkgo</em>, the most ancient living tree. Science 157: 1270-3.
  • Mitchell, R. S. (eds.) (1992): 1992. Pinophyta (Gymnosperms) of New York State. Vol. NY State Museum Bull. 483. Univ. of the state of NY, Albany, NY. , 80 pages.
  • Newcomer, E. H. 1939. Pollen longevity of <em>Ginkgo</em>. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 66: 121-3.
  • Newcomer, E. H. 1945. Induced parthenocarpy in <em>Ginkgo</em>. Amer. Naturalist 79: 186-7.
  • Norstog, K. J; Gifford, E. M.; Stevenson, D. W. 2004. Comparative development of the spermatozoids of cycads and <em>Ginkgo biloba</em>. Bot. Rev. 70: 5-15.
  • Pacini, E.; Franchi, G. G.; Ripaccioli, M. 1999. Ripe pollen structure and histochemistry of some gymnosperms. Pl. Syst. Evol. 217: 81-99.
  • Rhoads, A. F.; Meyer, P. W.; Sanfelippo, R. 1981. Performance of urban street trees evaluated. J. Arboric. 7: 127-132.
  • Sahashi, N.; Ueno, J. 1986. Pollen morphology of <em>Ginkgo biloba</em> and <em>Cycas revoluta</em>. Canad. J. Bot. 64: 3075-8.
  • Santamour, F. S.; He, S. A.; Ewert, T. E. 1983. Growth, survival and sex expression in <em>Ginkgo</em>. J. Arboric. 9(6): 170-1.
  • Schaffner, J. H. 1927. Ginkgo a flowerless seed plant. Amer. J. Bot. 14: 126-8.
  • Sharma, G. K. 1989. Modification in <em>Ginkgo biloba</em> L. in response to environmental pollution. J. Tennessee Acad. Sci. 64: 26-8.
  • Singh, H. 1978. Embryology of gymnosperms. Band 10, Teil 2. In: Handbuch der Pflanzenanatomie. Gebruder Borntr., Berlin. ,
  • Sobolik, V. 1978. The ginkgo: history of a unique tree. Morton Arbor. Quart. 14(4): 61-4.
  • Sporne, K. R. 1974. The Morphology of Gymnosperms. ed. Hutchinson & Co., London. , 216 pages.
  • Stefanovic, S. et al. et.al. 1998. Phylogenetic relationships of conifers inferred from partial 28S rRNA gene sequences. Amer. J. Bot. 85: 688-97.
  • Tulecke, W. 1954. Preservation and germination of the pollen of <em>Ginkgo</em> under sterile conditions. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 81: 509-512.
  • Tulecke, W. 1957. The pollen of <em>Ginkgo biloba</em>: in vitro culture and tissue formation. Amer. J. Bot. 44: 602-8.
  • West, W. C.; Frattarelli, F. J.; Russin, K. J. 1970. Effect of stratification and gibberellin on seed germination in <em>Ginkgo biloba</em>. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 97: 380-8.
  • Williams, R. S. 1926. <em>Ginkgo biloba</em>. Addisonia 11: 19-20.
  • Zhao, Y. et.al. 2010. Out of China: distribution history of <em>Ginkgo biloba</em> L. Taxon 59: 495-504.
  • Zhi, F. D.; Yong, Y.; Hua, Z. G. 2004. A new scheme of classification of living gymnosperms at family level. Kew Bull. 59: 111-116.