Family: Elaeagnaceae

Elaeagnus umbellata
Elaeagnus umbellata   Thunb.  -  Autumn Olive
Photo © by Steven Clemants
Taken at the Great Swamp, NJ, 1996.

By Angela Steward & Steven D. Glenn

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 02/01/2013

List of Elaeagnaceae Genera

References to Elaeagnaceae

  • . Element Stewardship Abstract for Elaeagnus umbellata.
  • Allan, P. F.; Steiner, W. F. 1965. Autumn olive for wildlife and other conservation uses.
  • Anonymous 1889. Notes. Gard. & Forest 2: 600.
  • Baillon, H. 1870. Elaeagnecees. Hist. Pl. 2: 487-497. (In French; see English trans. by M.M. Hartog, Nat. Hist. Pl. 2:481-491. 1872)
  • Borell, A. E. 1962. Russian-olive for wildlife and other conservation uses.
  • Brown, W. T. 2001. Volunteer monitoring of nonindigenous invasive plant species in the Adirondack Park, New York, USA. Natural Areas Journal 21: 189-196.
  • Catling, P. M. 1997. The recent spread of autumn-olive, Elaeagnus umbellata, into southern Ontario and its current status. Canad. Field-Naturalist 111: 376-80.
  • Dirr, M. A. 1978. Tolerance of seven woody ornamentals to soil-applied sodium chloride. J. Arboric. 4(7): 162-5.
  • Eckardt, N. 1987. Element stewardship abstract for Elaegnus umbellata - autumn olive.
  • Edelen, W. J. 1997. Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) control experiment underway. Restor. Manag. Notes 15: 198-9.
  • Freeman, C. C. 1998. Vascular plants new to Kansas. Sida 18: 593-604.
  • Fuchs, A. 1936. Untersuchungen uber den mõnnlichen Gametophyten von Elaeagnus angustifolia. Oesterr. Bot. Z. 85: 1-16.
  • Gardner, I. C. 1958. Nitrogen fixation in Elaeagnus root nodules. Nature 181: 717-8.
  • Graham, S. A. 1964. The Elaeagnaceae in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 45: 274-8.
  • Hamilton, D. F.; Carpenter, P. L. 1976. Regulation of seed dormancy in Elaeagnus angustifolia by endogenous growth substances. Canad. J. Bot. 54(10): 1068-73.
  • Hamilton, D. F.; Carpenter, P. L. 1975. Regulation of seed dormancy in Elaeagnus umbellata by endogenous growth substances. Canad. J. Bot. 53: 2303-11.
  • Hawker, L. E.; Fraymouth, J. 1951. A re-investigation of the root-nodules of species of Elaeagnus, Hippophaë, Alnus, and Myrica, with special reference to the morphology and life histories of the causative organisms. J. Gen. Microbiol. 5: 369-86.
  • Herron, P.M. 2007. Invasive plants and their ecological strategies: prediction and explanation of woody plant invasion in New England. Diversity and Distributions 13: 633-644.
  • Hogue, E. J.; LaCroix, L. J. 1970. Seed dormancy of Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia L.). J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 95(4): 449-52.
  • Jansen, S; Piesschaert, F.; Smets, E. 2000. Wood anatomy of Elaeagnaceae, with comments on vestured pits, helical thickenings, and systematic relationships. Amer. J. Bot. 87: 20-28.
  • LaFleur, N. 2009. Does frugivory by European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) facilitate germination in invasive plants? J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 136: 332-341.
  • Miller, I. M.; Baker, D. D. 1985. The initiation, development and structure of root nodules in Elaeagnus angustifolia L. (Elaeagnaceae). Protoplasma 128: 107-19.
  • Pisula, N. L.; Meiners, S. J. 2010. Relative allelopathic potential of invasive plant species in a young disturbed woodland. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 137: 81-87.
  • Pomeroy, C. S. 1921. Bud variation in Elaeagnus. J. Heredity 12: 227-30.
  • Rao, V. S. 1974. The probable origin of the basal placentation in Elaeagnaceae. Current Science 43(12): 390-1.
  • Reed, W. R. 1992. Elaeagnus umbellata. ()
  • Servettaz, G. 1909. Monographie des Eleagnacees. Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 25: 1-420. (In German)
  • Shafroth, P. B.; Auble, G. T.; Scott, M. L. 1995. Germination and establishment of the native plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides Marshall subsp. monilifera) and the exotic Russian-olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia L.). Conserv. Biol. 9(5): 1169-75.
  • Tesky, J. L. 1992. Elaeagnus angustifolia. ()
  • Yamazaki, T. 1975. Embryogeny of Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. J. Jap. Bot. 50(9): 281-4.