New York Metropolitan Flora

Genus: Cornus

Cornus florida Cornus alternifolia Cornus florida Cornus foemina ssp. racemosa Cornus canadensis Cornus amomum

By Kerry Barringer

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 02/01/2013

Back to Cornaceae

Nomenclature

Cornus L., Sp. Pl. 117. 1753. Gen. Pl. 54. 1754. Cornus sect. Macrocarpium Spach, Hist. Nat. Vég. Phan. 8: 101. 1838. Macrocarpium (Spach) Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 23: 38. 1909, nom. illeg. (Art. 52.1). LECTOTYPE: Cornus mas L. (see Rydb., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 33: 147. 1906).

Chamaepericlymenum Hill, Brit. Herb. 331. 1756. Cornus sect. Arctocrania Endl., Gen. Pl. 798. 1839. Cornella Rydb., Bull Torrey Bot. Club. 33: 147. 1906. Arctocrania (Endl.) Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 23: 39. 1909. Mesmora Rudbeck ex Niewland, Amer. Midl. Nat. 4: 487. 1916. TYPE: Cornus suecica L.

Benthamia Lindl., Edwards, Bot. Reg. 19: t. 1579. 1833. Dendrobenthamia Hutch., Ann. Bot. (London) set. 2. 6: 92. 1942. TYPE: Cornus capitata Wallich.

Swida Opiz in Berchtold et Opiz, Oekon.-Tech. Fl. Böhmens 2(1): 3, 174. 1838 (also as “Svida”). Thelycrania (Dumort.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon ser. 2 16: 394, 1868. TYPE: Cornus sanguinea L., designated by Pouzar (Preslia 36: 361. 1964).

Benthamidia Spach, Hist. Nat. Veg. Phan. 8: 106. 1839. Cynoxylon (Raf.) Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 854. 1903. TYPE: Cornus florida L.

Mesmora Rudbeck ex Niewland et Lunell, Amer. Midl. Nat. 4: 487. 1916. TYPE: Cornus canadensis L.

Bothrocaryum (Koehne) Poj., Not. Syst. Leningrad 12: 169. 1950. TYPE: Bothrocaryum controversum (Hemsley) Poj.

List of Cornus Species

References to Cornus

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  • Allard, H. A. 1940. Natural layering of the flowering dogwood (Cornus florida), and underground extension of some plants. Castanea 5: 122-3.
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  • Anonymous 1880. Proceedings of the Torrey Club. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 7: 1.
  • Barabe, D.; Vieth, J. 1980. Contribution à la typologie inflorescentielle de Cornus sericea L. (C. stolonifera Michaux). Bull. Soc. Bot. France 127: 47-52. (In French; English summary)
  • Barabe, D.; Vieth, J. 1980. Contribution au probleme des fusions: la metatopie dans l'inflorescence de Cornus sericea (syn. C. stolonifera). Canad. J. Bot. 58: 918-35. (In French; English summary)
  • Barbe, D. 1979. Etude de la metatopie dans les inflorescences de Cornus stolonifera Michaux (syn. C. sericea Linne) et C. baileyi Coulter & Evans. M.S. Thesis Univ. Montreal, Canada,
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  • Buhl, C. A. 1935. The nomenclature of some species of Cornus. Rhodora 37(438): 222-3.
  • Burger, A. E. 1987. Fruiting and frugivory of Cornus canadensis in boreal forest in Newfoundland. Oikos 49: 3-10.
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  • Coladoanto, M. 1994. Cornus alternifolia. ()
  • Coladoanto, M. 1993. Cornus racemosa. ()
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  • Craddock, J. H. et.al. 2000. Storage of flowering dogwood (Cornus florida L.) pollen. Hortscience 35: 108-109.
  • Crane, M. F. 1989. Cornus sericea. ()
  • Crane, M. F. 1989. Cornus canadensis. ()
  • Cuno, J. B. 1926. Utilization of dogwood and persimmon. U.S.D.A. Dept. Bull. 1436: 1-43.
  • Dallimore, W. 1915. The uses of Cornus wood. Kew Bull. 1915: 179-80.
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  • Dickinson, M. B.; Putz, F. E.; Canham, C. D. 1993. Canopy gap closure in thickets of the clonal shrub, Cornus racemosa. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 120: 439-44.
  • Dirr, M. A. 1976. Clarifying the nomenclature of the red-stemmed dogwood. Amer. Nurseryman 144(2): 7-8.
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  • Echternach, J. L.; Rose, R. K. 1987. Use of woody vegetation by beavers in southeastern Virginia USA. Virginia J. Sci. 38: 226-232.
  • Edwards, J. et.al. 2005. A record-breaking pollen catapult. Nature 435: 164. (Cornus canadensis)
  • Egler, F. E.; Anderson, J. P. 1982. Botanical studies in the stability of non-diversity: Cornus racemosa- gray dogwood. Newsletter Conn. Bot. Soc. 10(3): 1.
  • Eyde, R. H. 1983. Classifying the Cornaceae, problems and progress. Amer. J. Bot. 70(5)(suppl.): 113.
  • Eyde, R. H. 1988. Comprehending Cornus: puzzles and progress in the systematics of the dogwoods. Bot. Rev. (Lancaster) 54(3): 233-351.
  • Eyde, R. H. 1987. The case for keeping Cornus in the broad Linnaean sense. Syst. Bot. 12(4): 505-18.
  • Eyde, R. H. 1985. The case for monkey-mediated evolution in big-bracted dogwoods. Arnoldia (Jamaica Plain) 45: 2-9.
  • Fan, C.; Xiang, Q. Y. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships within Cornus (Cornaceae) based on 26S RDNA sequences. Amer. J. Bot. 88: 1131-1138.
  • Farwell, O. A. 1931. Concerning some species of Cornus of Philip Miller. Rhodora 33(387): 68-72.
  • Ferguson, I. K. 1966. Notes on the nomenclature of Cornus. J. Arnold Arbor. 47: 100-5.
  • Ferguson, I. K. 1972. Cornus pollen. Watsonia 9(1): 58-9.
  • Ferguson, I. K. 1966. The Cornaceae in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 47: 106-7.
  • Fernald, M. L. 1941. Cornus canadensis L. forma rosea. Rhodora 43(508): 156. (See Hara in Rhodora 44:20. 1942.)
  • Flinn, M. A.; Pringle, J. K. 1983. Heat tolerance of rhizomes of several understory species. Canad. J. Bot. 61: 452-7.
  • Floyd, B. W.; Noble, R. D. 1980. Intraseasonal variation in chlorophyll content and chloroplast ultrastructure of selected plant species in a deciduous forest. Canad. J. Bot. 58: 1504-19.
  • Fosberg, F. R. 1942. Cornus sericea L. (C. stolonifera Michx.). Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 69: 583-9.
  • Foster, H. L. 1986. Cornus canadensis. Bull. Amer. Rock Gard. Soc. 44(2): 64-7.
  • Gardescu, S.; Marks, P. L. 2004. Colonization of old fields by trees vs. shrubs: seed dispersal and seedling establishment. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 131: 53-68.
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  • Gordon, A. G.; Gorham, E. 1963. Ecological aspects of air pollution from an iron-sintering plant at Wawa, Ontario. Canad. J. Bot. 41: 1063-78.
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  • Gunatilleke, C. V. S.; Gunatilleke, I. A. U. N. 1984. Some observations on the reproductive biology of three species of Cornus (Cornaceae). J. Arnold Arbor. 65(3): 419-27.
  • Hall, I. V.; Sibley, J. D. 1979. The Biology of Canadian weeds. 20. Cornus canadensis L. In: The Biology of Canadian weeds. Contributions 1-32. Biosystematics Research Institute, Ottawa. , 232-9 pages. (Publication 1693)
  • Hara, H. 1942. A purple flowered form of Cornus canadensis. Rhodora 44(517): 20. (See Fernald in Rhodora 43:156. 1941.)
  • Hara, H. 1948. The nomenclature of the flowering dogwood and its allies. J. Arnold Arbor. 29: 111-5.
  • Hardin, J. W.; Murrell, Z. E. 1997. Foliar micromorphology of Cornus. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 124: 124-39.
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  • Hillebrand, G. R.; Fairbrothers, D. E. 1970. Phytoserological systematic survey of the Caprifoliaceae. Brittonia 22: 125-133. (Also Cornus & Nyssa)
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