Genus: Andromeda

Andromeda - Bog Rosemary
Andromeda glaucophylla - Bog Rosemary Photo © Peter Nelson, 1991, taken at the Brooklyn Botanic Garden

By Steven Clemants

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 04/08/2013

Back to Ericaceae


Andromeda L., Sp. Pl. 1: 393. 1753. Gen. Pl. 186. 1754. Polifolia Nakai, Trees Shrubs Japan 1: 154. 1922, nom. illeg. (Art. 52.1). TYPE: Andromeda polifolia L., designated by Don (1834).

List of Andromeda Species

References to Andromeda

  • Bell, H. P.; Burchill, J. 1955. Winter resting stages of certain Ericaceae. Canad. J. Bot. 33: 547-61.
  • Cayoutte, J. 1986. Innovations taxonomique et observations sur la flore vasculaire du Nouveau-Quebec. Naturaliste Canad. 113: 331-6.
  • Clausen, Robert T. 1949. Cornell Univ. Agric. Exp. Sta. Mem. 291: 9.
  • Cox, H. T. 1948. Studies in the comparative anatomy of the Ericales. II. Ericaceae - subfamily Arbutoideae. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 40: 493-516.
  • Don, D. 1834. An attempt at a new arrangement of the Ericaceae. Edinburgh New Philos. J. 17: 150-60.
  • Fernald, M. L. 1916. A calciphile variety of Andromeda glaucophylla. Rhodora 18: 100-2.
  • Fernald, M. L. 1903. Andromeda polifolia and A. glaucophylla. Rhodora 5: 67-71.
  • Flinn, M. A.; Wein, R. W. 1988. Regrowth of forest understory species following seasonal burning. Canad. J. Bot. 66: 150-155.
  • Flower-Ellis, J. G. K. 1973. Growth and morphology in the evergreen dwarf shrubs Empetrum heremaphroditum and Andromeda polifolia in Stordalen. In: Primary production and production processes. IBP Tundra Steering Cimmittee, Edmondton and Oslo. , 123-36 pages.
  • Gates, F. C. 1914. Winter as a factor in the xerophily of certain evergreen ericads. Bot. Gaz. 57: 445-89.
  • Gates, F. C. 1942. The bogs of northern lower Michigan. Ecol. Monogr. 12: 213-54.
  • Hagerup, O. 1928. Morphological and cytological studies of Bicornes. Dansk Bot. Ark. 6: 1-27.
  • Hagerup, O. 1941. Zytokologische Bicornes-Studien. Planta 32: 6-14.
  • Hagerup, O. 1954. Autogamy in some drooping Bicornes flowers. Bot. Tidsskr. 51: 103-9.
  • Hancy, A. J. 1916. The vascular anatomy of certain Ericaceous flowers. M.A. Thesis Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY37 figs. + 20 p.
  • Jarvis, C. E.; McClintock, D. 1990. Notes on the typification of fourteen Linnaean names for European species of Erica, Calluna, and Andromeda (Ericaceae). Taxon 39: 517-20.
  • Karlin, E. F.; Lynn, L. M. 1988. Dwarf-shrub bogs of the southern Catskill Mountain region of New York State: Geographic changes in the flora of peatlands in northern New Jersey and southern New York. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 115: 209-17.
  • Kron, K. A.; Judd, W. S.; Crayn, D. M. 1999. Phylogenetic analysis of Andromedaea (Ericaceae subfam. Vaccinioideae). Amer. J. Bot. 86: 1290-1300.
  • Leins, P. 1964. Entwicklungsgeschichtliche Studien an Ericales-Bluten. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 83: 57-88. (In German)
  • Lems, K. 1964. Evolutionary studies in the Ericaceae. II. Leaf anatomy as a phylogenetic index in the Andromedeae. Bot. Gaz. 125(3): 178-86.
  • Lynn, L. M.; Karlin, E. F. 1985. The vegetation of the low-shrub bogs of northern New Jersey and adjacent New York: Ecosystems at their southern limit. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 112: 436-44.
  • Mackenzie, K. K. 1918. Labrador tea in New Jersey. Torreya 18: 239-242.
  • Mitchell, C. C.; Niering, William A. 1993. Vegetation change in a topogenic bog following beaver flooding. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 120(2): 136-47.
  • Oldfield, F. 1959. The pollen morphology of some of the West European Ericales. Pollen & Spores 1: 19-48.
  • Palser, B. F. 1951. Studies of floral morphology in the Ericales. I. Organography and vascular anatomy in the Andromedeae. Bot. Gaz. 112(4): 447-85.
  • Palser, B. F. 1952. Studies of floral morphology in the Ericales. II. Megasporogenesis and megagametophyte development in the Andromedeae. Bot. Gaz. 114(1): 33-52.
  • Peltrisot, C-N. 1904. Developpement et structure de la graine chez les Ericacees. J. Bot. (Morot) 18: 309-67, 386-402. (In French)
  • Petersen, H. E. 1908. The structure and biology of arctic flowering plants. 1. Ericineae (Ericaceae, Pirolaceae). 2. The biological anatomy of the leaves and stems. Meddel. Gronland 36: 75-138.
  • Reader, R. J. 1977. Bog ericad flowers: self-compatibility and relative attractiveness to bees. Canad. J. Bot. 55: 2279-87.
  • Reader, R. J. 1975. Competative relationships of some bog ericads for major insect pollinators. Canad. J. Bot. 53(13): 1300-5.
  • Reader, R. J. 1979. Flower cold hardiness: a potential determinant of the flowering sequence exhibited by bog ericads. Canad. J. Bot. 57: 997-9.
  • Schread, John-C. 1955. Control of the Andromeda lace bug.
  • Small, E. 1976. Insect pollinators of the Mer Bleue peat bog of Ottawa. Canad. Field-Naturalist 90: 22-28.
  • Warming, E. 1908. The structure and biology of arctic flowering plants. 1. Ericineae (Ericaceae, Pirolaceae). 1. Morphology and biology. Meddel. Gronland 36: 1-71.
  • Wherry, Edgar T. 1920. Soil tests of Ericaceae and other reaction-sensitive families in northern Vermont and New Hampshire. Rhodora 22: 33-49.
  • Young, J. A.; Young, C. G. 1992. Andromeda. In: Seeds of Woody Plants in North America. Dioscorides Press, Portland. , 33 pages.