New York Metropolitan Flora

Genus: Juniperus

Juniperus communis

Juniperus communis L.

Common Juniper

Juniperus virginiana

Juniperus communis L.

Common Juniper

By Steven D. Glenn

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 02/07/2013

Back to Cupressaceae

Nomenclature

Juniperus L., Sp. Pl. 2: 1038. 1753. Gen. Pl., ed. 5, 461. 1754. LECTOTYPE: Juniperus communis L., designated by Britton & Brown (1913).

Sabina Mill., Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4. 3. 1754. TYPE: Sabina vulgaris (L.) Antoine (=Juniperus sabina L.).

Key to the species of Juniperus

1. Leaves all needlelike, not decurrent on stem...Juniperus communis
1. Most leaves scalelike, decurrent on stem...2

2. Needlelike leaves opposite (may be in whorls of 3 on leading shoots); tips of scalelike leaves sharp; berrylike structure blue...Juniperus virginiana
2. Needlelike leaves sometimes in whorls of 3 on small clusters of twigs; tips of scalelike leaves tending to be blunt; berrylike structure brown (commonly cultivated)...Juniperus chinensis

List of Juniperus Species

References to Juniperus

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  • Grootendorst, H. J. 1968. Juniperus communis L. Dendroflora 5: 29-34. (In Dutch)
  • Hall, M. T. 1952. Variation in native junipers. Bull. Cranbrook Inst. Sci. 21: 62-4.
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