New York Metropolitan Flora

Genus: Erica

Erica carnea
Erica carnea L.

Heath

Photo © Steven Clemants, taken at the Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 1996.

By Steven Clemants

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 04/08/2013

Back to Ericaceae

Key to the species of Erica

List of Erica Species

References to Erica

  • Aerts, R.; Boot, R. G. A.; van-der Aart, P. J. M. 1991. The relation between above- and belowground biomass allocation patterns and competitive ability. Oecologia 87: 551-9.
  • Barclay, E. P. 1991. Scottish heather, Calluna vulgaris (L.) Hull, in eastern Canada. Naturaliste Canad. 118: 47-55.
  • Brickell, C. D.; McClintock, D. 1987. (876) Proposal to conserve Erica carnea L. against E. herbacea L. (Ericaceae). Taxon 36: 479-81.
  • Brummitt, R. K. 1990. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta, 37. Taxon 39: 293-6.
  • Cafferty, S.; Jarvis, C. E. 2002. Typification of Linnaean plant names in Ericaceae. Taxon 51: 751-753.
  • Clarkson, R. B. 1958. Scotch heather in North America. Castanea 23: 119-29.
  • Craig, M. E. 1955. Studies anatomical and physiological on the fruits and seeds of Calluna vulgaris L. and Erica cinerea L. , Thesis Univ. of Edinburgh,
  • Don, D. 1834. An attempt at a new arrangement of the Ericaceae. Edinburgh New Philos. J. 17: 150-60.
  • Gimingham, C. H. 1972. Ecology of heathlands. Chapman and Hall, London. , xv, 266 pages.
  • Grevillius, A. Y.; Kirchner, O. 1923. Ericaceae. In: Lebensgeschichte der Blütenpflanzen Mitteleuropas. Vol. 4(1). Verlagsbuchhandlung Eugen Ulmer, Stuttgart. , 1-164 pages.
  • Hagerup, O. 1954. Autogamy in some drooping Bicornes flowers. Bot. Tidsskr. 51: 103-9.
  • Hagerup, O. 1928. Morphological and cytological studies of Bicornes. Dansk Bot. Ark. 6: 1-27.
  • Hermann, P. M.; Palser, B. F. 2000. Stamen development in the Ericaceae. I. Anther wall, microsporogenesis, inversion, and appendages. Amer. J. Bot. 87: 934-957.
  • Jarvis, C. E. 1992. Seventy-two proposals for the conservation of types of selected Linnaean generic names, the report of Subcommittee 3C on the lectotypification of Linnaean generic names. Taxon 41: 552-83.
  • Jarvis, C. E.; McClintock, D. 1990. Notes on the typification of fourteen Linnaean names for European species of Erica, Calluna, and Andromeda (Ericaceae). Taxon 39: 517-20.
  • Kron, K. A.; Chase, M. W. 1993. Systematics of the Ericaceae, Empetraceae, Epacridaceae and related taxa based upon rbcL sequence data. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 80: 735-41.
  • Leins, P. 1964. Entwicklungsgeschichtliche Studien an Ericales-Bluten. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 83: 57-88. (In German)
  • Luteyn, J. L.; Clemants, Steven E.; et al. et.al. 1996. Ericaceae of the southeastern United States. Castanea 61(2): 101-44.
  • Munson, R. H. 1984. Heaths and heathers cultivated in North America (Ericaceae). Baileya 22: 101-3.
  • Oldfield, F. 1959. The pollen morphology of some of the West European Ericales. Pollen & Spores 1: 19-48.
  • Palser, B. F.; Murty, Y. S. 1967. Studies of floral morphology in the Ericales. VIII. Organography and vascular anatomy in Erica. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 94: 243-320.
  • Pearson, V.; Read, D. J. 1973. The biology of mycorrhiza in the Ericaceae. I. The isolation of the endophyte and synthesis of micorrhizas in asceptic culture. New Phyt. 72: 371-9.
  • Peltrisot, C-N. 1904. Developpement et structure de la graine chez les Ericacees. J. Bot. (Morot) 18: 309-67, 386-402. (In French)
  • Ross, R. 1967. On some Linnaean species of Erica. J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 60: 61-73.
  • Salas, M. C.; Vieitez, E. 1975. Inhibidores de germinacion: en Ericaceas. Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 32: 619-31.
  • Schumann, D.; Kirsten, G. 1992. Ericas of South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeberg. , 272 pages.
  • Van Vuuren, M. M. I.; Aerts, R.; Berendse, F.; DeVisser, W. 1992. Nitrogen mineralization in heathland ecosystems dominated by different plant species. Biogeochemistry 16: 151-66.
  • Webb, D. A. 1972. Flora Europaea: notulae systematicae ad floram Europaeam spectantes: no. 72. Ericaceae. J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 65: 258-9.