Genus: Lyonia

Lyonia mariana
Lyonia mariana (L.) D. Don


Photo © Peter Nelson, 1971, taken in the New Jersey Pine Barrens.

By Steven Clemants

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 02/15/2013

Back to Ericaceae


*Lyonia Nutt., Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 1: 266. 1818, nom. cons. *Xolisma Raf., Amer. Mon. Mag. & Crit. Rev. 4: 193. 1819, nom. illeg. (Art. 52.1). TYPE: Lyonia ferruginea (Walter) Nutt. (Andromeda ferruginea Walter). See ICBN 261. 1956, and (Rickett & Stafleu, 1960).

*Neopieris Britton in Britton & A. Br., Ill. Fl. N. U.S., ed. 2. 2: 690. 1913. TYPE: Neopieris mariana (L.) Britton (Lyonia mariana (L.) D. Don).

*Arenococcus Small in Small & J. J. Carter, Fl. Lancaster Co. 218, 319. 1913. TYPE: Arsenococcus ligustrinus (L.) Small (Lyonia ligustrina (L.) DC.).

Key to the species of Lyonia

1. Flowers 3-5 mm long; sepals 1-1.5 mm long...Lyonia ligustrina
1. Flowers 7-13 mm long; sepals 3-10 mm long...Lyonia mariana

List of Lyonia Species

References to Lyonia

  • Carey, J. H. 1994. Lyonia ligustrina. ()
  • Don, D. 1834. An attempt at a new arrangement of the Ericaceae. Edinburgh New Philos. J. 17: 150-60.
  • Fernald, M. L. 1941. The varieties of Lyonia ligustrina. In: Another century of additions of the flora of Virginia. Rhodora 43(515): 624-9.
  • Greene, E. L. 1904. A name explained. Torreya 4: 173-4.
  • Judd, W. S. 1981. A monograph of Lyonia (Ericaceae). J. Arnold Arbor. 62: 63-209, 315-436.
  • Judd, W. S. 1979. Generic relationships in the Andromedeae (Ericaceae). J. Arnold Arbor. 60(4): 477-503.
  • Kron, K. A.; Judd, W. S. 1997. Systematics of the Lyonia group (Andromedeae, Ericaceae) and the use of species as terminals in higher-level cladistic analyses. Syst. Bot. 22: 479-92.
  • Kron, K. A.; Judd, W. S.; Crayn, D. M. 1999. Phylogenetic analysis of Andromedaea (Ericaceae subfam. Vaccinioideae). Amer. J. Bot. 86: 1290-1300.
  • Kucera, C. L. 1953. The genus Lyonia in Missouri. Rhodora 55: 155.
  • Lems, K. 1962. Adaptive radiation in the Ericaceae. I. Shoot development in the Andromedeae. Ecology 43: 524-8.
  • Lems, K. 1964. Evolutionary studies in the Ericaceae. II. Leaf anatomy as a phylogenetic index in the Andromedeae. Bot. Gaz. 125(3): 178-86.
  • Lovell, J. S.; Lovell, H. B. 1935. Pollination of the Ericaceae: Chamaedaphne and Xolisma. Rhodora 37(436): 157-61.
  • Palser, B. F. 1951. Studies of floral morphology in the Ericales. I. Organography and vascular anatomy in the Andromedeae. Bot. Gaz. 112(4): 447-85.
  • Palser, B. F. 1952. Studies of floral morphology in the Ericales. II. Megasporogenesis and megagametophyte development in the Andromedeae. Bot. Gaz. 114(1): 33-52.
  • Rehder, A. A. 1924. New species, varieties and combinations from the herbarium and the collections of the Arnold Arboretum. J. Arnold Arbor. 5: 49-59.
  • Reveal, J. L.; Broome, M. L.; Frick, G. F. 1987. On the Identities of Maryland Plants mentioned in the first two editions of Linnaeus' Species Plantarum. Huntia 7: 209-45.
  • Rickett, H. W.; Stafleu, F. A. 1960. Nomina Generica Conservanda et Rejicienda Spermatophytorum IV. Taxon 9: 67-86.
  • Robinson, B. L. 1908. Notes on some plants of the northeastern America. Rhodora 10: 46-55.
  • Sims, J. 1813. Andromeda mariana [var.] ovalis. Bot. Mag. 37: pl. 1579.
  • Young, J. A.; Young, C. G. 1992. Lyonia. In: Seeds of Woody Plants in North America. Dioscorides Press, Portland. , 215 pages.