New York Metropolitan Flora

Genus: Vaccinium

Vaccinium angustifolium
Vaccinium corymbosum L.

Highbush Blueberry

Photo © Steven Clemants, 1996, taken in Ward Pound Ridge Reservation, Westchester Co., NY.
Vaccinium macrocarpon
Vaccinium corymbosum L.

Highbush Blueberry

Photo © Steven Clemants, 1996, taken in Ward Pound Ridge Reservation, Westchester Co., NY.
Vaccinium oxycocco
Vaccinium corymbosum L.

Highbush Blueberry

Photo © Steven Clemants, 1996, taken in Ward Pound Ridge Reservation, Westchester Co., NY.
Vaccinium corymbosum
Vaccinium corymbosum L.

Highbush Blueberry

Photo © Steven Clemants, 1996, taken in Ward Pound Ridge Reservation, Westchester Co., NY.
Vaccinium stamineum
Vaccinium corymbosum L.

Highbush Blueberry

Photo © Steven Clemants, 1996, taken in Ward Pound Ridge Reservation, Westchester Co., NY.

By Steven Clemants

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 03/20/2013

Back to Ericaceae

Nomenclature

Vaccinium L., Sp. Pl. 1: 349. 1753. Gen. Pl. 166. 1754. nom. cons. prop. TYPE: Vaccinium myrtillus designated by Britton & Brown (1913), or Vaccinium uliginosum L., desginated by Vander Kloet (1981), typ. cons. prop.

Oxycoccus Hill, Brit. Herb. 324. 1756. Schollera Roth, Tent. Fl. Germ. 1: 170. 1788, nom. illeg. (Art. 52.1). TYPE: Oxycoccus vulgaris Hill. (=Vaccinium oxycoccus L.).

Polycodium Raf., Amer. Monthly Mag. & Critical Rev. 2: 266. 1818. TYPE: Not cited.

Pirococcus Nutt., Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. n.s., 8: 262. 1843. TYPE: Not designated.

Cyanococcus Rydb., Fl. Rocky Mts. 645, 1065. 1917. TYPE: Cyanococcus pensylvanica (Lam.) Rydb. (=Vaccinium pensylvanica Lam.).

Key to the species of Vaccinium

1. Stems trailing; flowers 4-merous, cleft to below the middle with reflexed lobes; fruit red...2
1. Stems erect; flowers 4-5 merous, not deeply cleft; fruit blue...3

2. Leaves ovate-oblong, ovate or triangular, strongly whitened beneath; bracteoles scalelike, attached below the middle of the pedicel...Vaccinium oxycoccus
2. Leaves oblong-elliptic, only slightly paler beneath; bracteoles leaflike, attached above the middle of the pedicel...Vaccinium macrocarpon

3. Twigs smooth; anthers spurred...Vaccinium stamineum
3. Twigs verrucose; anthers not spurred...4

4. Plants usually over 1.5 m tall...Vaccinium corymbosum
4. Plants less than 0.8 m tall...5

5. Leaves sharply and uniformly serrate...Vaccinium angustifolium
5. Leaves entire or irregularly serrate...6

6. Leaves glaucous, usually glabrous; twigs pubescent in lines...Vaccinium pallidum
6. Leaves not glaucous, densely pubescent; twigs pilose...Vaccinium myrtilloides

List of Vaccinium Species

References to Vaccinium

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  • Ahokas, A. 1971. Cytology of hexaploid cranberry with special reference to chromosome fibres. Hereditas 68: 123-36.
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