New York Metropolitan Flora

Genus: Hamamelis

Hamamelis virginiana
Hamamelis virginiana   L.  -  Witch-hazel
Photo © by Peter Nelson
Taken in Greenfield, MA, 1966.

By Steven D. Glenn & Angela Steward

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 02/06/2013

Back to Hamamelidaceae


Hamamelis L., Sp. Pl. 124. 1753. Gen. Pl. 59. 1754. Trilopus Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 381, 613. 1763, nom. illeg. (Art. 52.1). TYPE: Hamamelis virginiana L.

Key to the species of Hamamelis

List of Hamamelis Species

References to Hamamelis

  • Anderson, E.; Sax, K. 1935. Chromosome numbers in the Hamamelidaceae and their phylogenetic significance. J. Arnold Arbor. 16: 210-5.
  • Anderson, G. J.; Hill, J. D. 2002. Many to flower, few to fruit: the reproductive biology of Hamamelis virginiana. Amer. J. Bot. 89: 67-78.
  • Baillon, H. 1871. Saxifragacees. Hist. Pl. 3: 325-464. (In French; see English translation by M.M. Hartog, Nat. Hist. Pl. 3: 323-464. 1874)
  • Berry, E. W. 1920. The geological history of the sweet gum and witch hazel. Pl. World 22: 345-54.
  • Boerner, R. E. J. 1985. Foliar nutrient dynamics, growth, and nutrient use efficiency of Hamamelis virginiana in three forest microsites. Canad. J. Bot. 63: 1476-81.
  • Bradford, J. L.; Marsh, D. L. 1978. Comparative studies of the witch hazels, Hamamelis virginiana L. and H. vernalis Sarg. Proc. Arkansas Acad. Sci. 31: 29-31. (Abstr. in Excerpta Bot., A, 33(1):19. 1979.)
  • Clark, A. W. 1919. Seasonal variation in water content and in transpiration of leaves of Fagus grandifolia, Hamamelis virginiana, and Quercus alba. Contr. Bot. Lab. Morris Abor. Univ. Pennsylvania 4: 105-43.
  • Coladoanto, M. 1993. Hamamelis virginiana. ()
  • Connor, S. 1995. Mystical, medicinal witch hazel. Arnoldia (Jamaica Plain) 55: 20-21.
  • Davidson, D. W. 1966. Response of six shrub species to light regimes in two controlled-environment rooms. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 93: 432-437.
  • De Steven, D. 1983. Floral ecology of witch-hazel (Hamamelis virginiana). Michigan Bot. 22: 163-71.
  • De Steven, D. 1982. Seed production and seed predation in a temperate forest shrub (witch-hazel, Hamamelis virginiana). J. Ecol. 70: 437-43.
  • De Steven, D. 1983. Reproductive consequences of insect seed predation in Hamamelis virginiana. Ecology 64: 89-98.
  • Ernst, W. R. 1963. The genera of Hamamelidaceae and Platanaceae in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 44: 193-210.
  • Flint, F. F. 1957. Megasporogenesis and megagametogenesis in Hamamelis virginiana L. Virginia J. Sci. 8: 185-9.
  • Foster, S. 2000. Witch hazel, Hamamelis virginiana.
  • Fulling, E. H. 1953. American witch hazel - history, nomenclature and modern utilization. Econ. Bot. 7: 359-81.
  • Gaut, P. C.; Roberts, J. N. 1984. Hamamelis virginiana seed germination. Pl. Propag. 34: 334-342.
  • Gleason, H. 1922. The witch hazels. J. New York Bot. Gard. 23: 17-9.
  • Goldblatt, P.; Endress, P. 1977. Cytology and evolution in Hamamelidaceae. J. Arnold Arbor. 58(1): 67-71.
  • Graenicher, S. 1906. Some notes on the pollination of flowers. Bull. Wisconsin Nat. Hist. Soc. 4: 12-21.
  • Hallier, H. 1903. Uber den Umfang, die Gliederung und die Verwandtschaft der Hamamelidaceen. Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 14: 247-60.
  • Hesse, M. 1978. Entwicklungsgeschichte und Ultrastruktur von Pollenkitt und Exine bei nahe verwandten entomophilen und anemophilen Angiospermensippen: Ranunculaceae, Hamamelidaceae, Platanaceae und Fagaceae. Pl. Syst. Evol. 130: 13-42.
  • Hicks, D. J.; Hustin, D. L. 1989. Response of Hamamelis virginiana L. to canopy gaps in a Pennsylvania oak forest. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 121: 200-4.
  • Hoffman, H. 1995. Witch hazel.
  • Holm, T. 1931. The seedling of Hamamelis virginiana L. Rhodora 33(388): 81-92.
  • Hooker, J. D. 1883. Hamamelis virginiana. Bot. Mag. 108: pl. 6684.
  • Huebner, C. D.; Randolph, J. C.; Parker, G. R. 1995. Environmental factors affecting understory diversity in second-growth deciduous forests. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 134: 155-65.
  • Jenne, G. E. 1966. A study of variation in North American Hamamelis L. (Hamamelidaceae). M.S. Thesis Vanderbilt Univ.,
  • Jensen, A. E. 1901. Structure of the stem bark of Hamamelis virginiana L. Pharm. Arch. 4: 121-123. (See also Proc. A. Pharm. Assoc. 49:409-413. 1901.)
  • Li, J. 2000. Phylogeny and biogeography of Hamamelis (Hamamelidaceae). Harvard Papers in Botany 5: 171-178.
  • Li, J.; Bogle, A. L.; Donoghue, M. J. 1999. Phylogenetic relationships in the Hamamelidoideae inferred from sequences of trn non-coding regions of chloroplast DNA. Harvard Papers in Botany 4: 343-356.
  • Mathew, C. J. 1981. Embryological studies in Hamamelidaceae: development of female gametophyte and embryogeny in Hamamelis virginiana. Phytomorphology 30(2-3): 172-80.
  • Meehan, T. 1901. Hamamelis virginiana. Meehans' Monthly 11: 145-6.
  • Mills, H. H.; Stephenson, S. L. 1999. Forest vegetation and boulder streams in the central Appalachian Valley and Ridge province, southwestern Virginia. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 126: 188-196.
  • Mione, T. 1987. Comparative ontogeny of the inflorescences and flowers of Hamamelis virginiana and Loropetalum chinense (Hamamelidaceae). M.S. Thesis Univ. New Hampshire, Durham, NH,
  • Mione, T.; Bogle, A. L. 1990. Comparative ontogeny of the inflorescence and flower of Hamamelis virginiana and Loropetalum chinense (Hamamelidaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 77(1): 77-91.
  • Mitchell, R. S. (eds.) (1988): 1988. Platanaceae through Myricaceae of New York State. New York State Museum Bull. No. 464. The University of the State of New York, the State Education Department, Albany. , 98 pages.
  • Nash, G. V. 1919. Hamamelis virginiana. Addisonia 4: 43-4.
  • Paratley, R. D. 1986. Vegetation-environment relations in a conifer swamp in central New York. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 113: 357-371.
  • Putnam, B. L. 1896. Hamamelis virginiana. Bot. Gaz. 21: 170.
  • Shoemaker, D. M. 1905. On the development of Hamamelis virginiana. Bot. Gaz. 39: 248-66.
  • Sommer, S. A. 1986. The pollination and ecology and breeding system of Hamamelis virginiana L. (Hamamelidaceae). M.S. Thesis Univ. Maryland, College Park, MD,
  • Steyermark, J. 1956. Eastern witch hazel. Missouri Bot. Gard. Bull. 44: 99-101.
  • Steyermark, J. A. 1934. Hamamelis virginiana in Missouri. Rhodora 36: 97-100.
  • Townsend, D. S. ; Meyer, A. D. 2002. Rapid recovery of witch hazel (Hamamelis virginiana L.) by sprouting, following release from white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus Zimm.) browsing. Natural Areas Journal 22: 290-295.
  • Venema, H. J. 1957. Hamamelis virginiana L. Nederl. Dendr. Ver. Jaarb. 20: 143-53. (In Dutch)
  • Viable Herbal Solutions; Anonymous 2003. Herbal descriptions, witch hazel, Hamamelis virginiana.
  • Weaver, R. E. 1976. The witch hazel family (Hamamelidaceae). Arnoldia (Jamaica Plain) 36(3): 69-109.
  • Wen, J. 1999. A phylogentic and biogeographic study of Hamamelis (Hamamelidaceae), an eastern Asian and eastern North American disjunct genus. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 27: 55-66.
  • Wilson, B. F. 1998. Branches versus stems in woody plants: control of branch diameter growth and angle. Canad. J. Bot. 76: 1852-1856.
  • de Ridder, M.; Wijnands, D. O. 1980. De systematiek van Hamamelis. Dendroflora 17: 6-8. (In Dutch)