Genus: Sassafras

Sassafras albidum
Sassafras albidum   (Nutt.) Nees  -  Sassafras

Photo © by Brooklyn Botanic Garden.

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Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 03/15/2013

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Sassafras J. Presl in Bercht. & J. Presl, Prir. rostlin 2: 30. 1825. Euosmus Nutt., Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 1: 258. 1818, nom. illeg. (Art. 52.1). Evelyna Raf., Sylva Tellur. 164. 1838, nom. illeg. (Art. 52.1). TYPE: Sassafras officinarum J. Presl (=Sassafras albidum (Nutt.) Nees).

Key to the species of Sassafras


List of Sassafras Species

References to Sassafras

  • Anonymous 1880. Proceedings of the Torrey Club. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 7: 61.
  • Anonymous 1957. Sassafras- utilization abstract. Econ. Bot. 11: 182. (Reprint, News from Home 18(2):10-14. 1957.)
  • Anonymous 1942. Dye from sassafras. Sci. News Letter 42: 279.
  • Arthur, M. A.; Paratley, R. D. 1998. Single and repeated fires affect survival and regeneration of woody and herbaceous species in an oak-pine forest. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 125: 225-236.
  • Auten, J. T. 1945. Relative influence of sassafras, black locust, and pines upon old-field soils. J. Forest. 43: 441-6.
  • Blake, S. F. 1918. Note on the proper name for the sassafras. Rhodora 20(233): 98-9.
  • Blount, T. E. 1989. The biology of Sassafras albidum(Nutt.) Nees in regenerating upland hardwood stands in southeastern Virginia following clear felling. M.S. Thesis Virgina Polytech. Inst. & St. Univ., Blacksburg,
  • Bosela, M. J.; Ewers, F. W. 1997. The mode of origin of root buds and root sprouts in the clonal tree Sassafras albidum (Lauraceae). Amer. J. Bot. 84: 1466-81.
  • Collingwood, G. H. 1940. Sassafras. Amer. Forests 46: 366-7.
  • Coy, G. V. 1928. Morphology of Sassafras in relation to phylogeny of Angiosperms. Bot. Gaz. 86: 149-71.
  • De Soyza, A. G.; Kincaid, D. T. 1991. Patterns on leaf morphology and photosynthesis on shoots of Sassafras albidum (Lauraceae). Amer. J. Bot. 78: 89-98.
  • Edwards, H. H. 1990. The stomatal complex of Persea borbonia. Canad. J. Bot. 68: 2543-7. (French summary)
  • Feeback, D. 1992. Sassafras: White and Red.
  • Fernald, M. L. 1936. The nomenclature of Sassafras. Contr. Gray Herb. Harvard Univ. - No. CXII. IV. Rhodora 38(449): 178-9.
  • Flanagan, M. 1998. Enigmatic Sassafras. New Plantsman 5: 43-7.
  • Gant, R. E. 1971. The allelopathic influences of Sassafras albidum in old field succession in Tennessee. M.S. Thesis Univ. Tennessee. Knoxville,
  • Gant, R. E.; Clebsch, E. E. C. 1975. The allelopathic influences of Sassafras albidum in old-field succession in Tennessee. Ecology 56(3): 604-15.
  • Ghent, A. W. 1973. Gravity and the distribution of leaf shape in the trees of Sassafras albidum. New Phyt. 72: 1141-58.
  • Good, N. F.; Good, R. E. 1972. Population dynamics of tree seedlings and saplings in a mature eastern hardwood forest. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 99: 172-8.
  • Halsted, B. D. 1883. Notes on Sassafras leaves. Science 2:491-492 (Oct. 12); 684 (Nov. 23)
  • Holm, T. 1909. Medicinal plants of North America. 23. Sassafras officinale Nees. Merck Rep. 18: 3-6.
  • Houston, L. C.; Houston, F. P. 1978. The sassafras. Herbarist 44: 52-7.
  • Humphreys, E. W. 1910. Variation among non-lobed Sassafras leaves. Torreya 10: 101-108.
  • Jaquish, L. L.; Ewers, F. W. 2001. Seasonal conductivity and embolism in the roots and stems of two clonal ring-porous trees, Sassafras albidum (Lauraceae) and Rhus typhina (Anacardiaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 88: 206-212.
  • Joy, D. A.; Young, D. R. 1996. Juniperus virginiana as a possible nurse plant for woody seedlings on a Virginia barrier island. ()
  • Keng, H. 1953. A taxonomic revision of Sassafras (Lauraceae). Quart. J. Taiwan Mus. 6: 78-85.
  • Kloeppel, B. D.; Kubiske, M. E.; Abrams, M. D. 1994. Seasonal tissue water relations of four successional Pennsylvania barrens species in open and understory environments. Int. J. Plant Sci. 155(1): 73-9.
  • Lawrey, J. D. 1977. Trace metal accumulation by plant species from a coal strip-mining area in Ohio. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 104: 368-375.
  • Manning, W. J. 1971. Effects of limestone dust on leaf condition, foliar disease incidence, and leaf surface microflora of native plants. Environmental Pollution 2: 69-76.
  • Mitchell, R. S.; Beal, E. D. (eds.) (1979): 1979. Magnoliaceae through Ceratophyllaceae of New York State. Vol. NY State Museum Bull. 435. Vol. Contributions to a Flora of New York State II.. Univ. of the state of NY, Albany, NY.
  • Nie, Z. L. 2007. Phylogeny and biogeography of Sassafras (Lauraceae) disjunct between eastern Asia and eastern North America. Pl. Syst. Evol. 267: 191-203.
  • Petzold, V. 1907. Systematisch-anatomische Untersuchungen ³ber die Laubblõtter der amerikanischen Lauraceen. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 38: 445-77. (In German)
  • Rehder, A. A. 1920. The American and Asiatic species of Sassafras. J. Arnold Arbor. 1: 242-5.
  • Robertson, C. 1896. Flowers and insects. XVII. Bot. Gaz. 22: 154-65.
  • Robinson, B. L. 1906. The nomenclature of the New England Lauraceae. Rhodora 8: 196-9.
  • Sargent, C. S. 1905. Sassafras. Silva N. Am. 7: 13-8.
  • Schrenk, J. 1880. Sassafras officinale. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 7: 67.
  • Shiflett, S. A.; Young, D. R. 2010. Avian seed dispersal on Virginia barrier islands: potential influence on vegetation community structure and patch dynamics. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 164: 91-106.
  • Spongberg, S. A. 1975. Lauraceae hardy in temperate North America. J. Arnold Arbor. 56: 1-19.
  • Sullivan, J. 1993. Sassafras albidum. ()
  • Weaver, R. E. 1976. Sassafras: a neglected native ornamental. Arnoldia (Jamaica Plain) 36: 23-7.
  • Weberling, F. 1985. Contributions to inflorescence morphology in Lauraceae. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 107: 395-414. (In German; English summary)
  • Weiss, H. F. 1906. The structure and development of the bark in the sassafras. Bot. Gaz. 41: 434-44.
  • Wood, C. E. 1958. The citation of some genera of the Lauraceae. J. Arnold Arbor. 39(3): 213-5.
  • Wood, C. E. 1958. The genera of the woody Ranales of the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 39(3): 296-346.
  • de Soyza, A. G.; Kincaid, D. T.; Ramirez, C. R. 1990. Variability of leaf chlorophyll content in a population of sassafras. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 117: 167-72.
  • van der Werff, H. 1991. A key to the genera of Lauraceae in the New World. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 78: 377-87. (Spanish translation of key included)
  • van der Werff, H.; Richter, H. G. 1996. Toward an improved classification of Lauraceae. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 83: 409-18.