Genus: Hibiscus

Hibiscus syriacus
Hibiscus syriacus   L.  -  Rose-of-Sharon

Photo © by Peter Nelson
Taken in 1976.

By Kerry Barringer

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 04/12/2013

Back to Malvaceae


Hibiscus L., Sp. Pl. 2: 693. 1753. Gen. Pl. 310. 1754. nom. cons. Ketmia Mill., Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4. 1754, nom. illeg. (Art. 52.1). TYPE: Hibiscus syriacus L., typ. cons.

Muenchhusia Heister ex Fabricius, Enum. ed. 2. 278. 1763. TYPE: Hibiscus palustris.

Key to the species of Hibiscus


List of Hibiscus Species

References to Hibiscus

  • Dariev, A. S.; Vasil'ev, B. R.; Kolodyazhnyi, S. F. 1982. The characters of leaf structure as applied for the systematics of the tribe Hibisceae (Malvaceae). Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Lenengrad) 67(8): 1036-46. (In Russian; English summary)
  • DeCandido, R. 1991. Hibiscus militaris L. (Malvaceae) new to New York State. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 118: 329.
  • Hunter-Cario, L. 2007. Propagation protocol for crimsoneyed rosemallow Hibiscus moscheutos L. (Malvaceae). Native Plants J. 8: 65-68.
  • Khushk, M. T.; Vaughan, J. G. 1987. Seed structure in relation to the taxonomy of the Hibisceae (Hibiscus and Lagunaria). Pakistan J. Bot. 18(2): 309-19.
  • Klips, R. A. 1999. Pollen competition as a reproductive isolating mechanism between two sympatric Hibiscus species (Malvaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 86: 269-272.
  • Klips, R. A. 2005. Temporal and geographic variation in predispersal seed predation on Hibiscus moscheutos L. (Malvaceae) in Ohio and Maryland, USA..... Amer. Midl. Naturalist 154: 286-295.
  • Korean Hibiscus Research Society. (eds.) (1993): 1993. Summary of current researches on rose of Sharon (Hibiscus syriacus L.). (Series of English summaries from Korean articles ex J. Korean Soc. Hort. Sci.)
  • Kudoh, H.; Whigham, D. F. 1997. Microgeographic genetic structure and gene flow in Hibiscus moschetos (Malvaceae) populations. Amer. J. Bot. 84: 1285-1293.
  • Kudoh, H.; Whigham, D. F. 2001. A genetic analysis of hydrologically dispersed seeds of Hibiscus moscheutos (Malvaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 88: 588-593.
  • Liu, H.; Spira, T. P. 2001. Influence of seed age and inbreeding on germination and seedling growth in Hibiscus moscheutos (Malvaceae). J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 128: 16-24.
  • McVaugh, R. 1968. Report of the committee for Spermatophyta. Conservation of generic names VIII. Taxon 17: 85-7.
  • Pfeil, B. E. 2002. Phylogeny of Hibiscus and the tribe Hibisceae (Malvaceae) using chloroplast DNA sequences of ndhF and the rpl16 intron. Syst. Bot. 27: 333-350.
  • Ruan, C. J. 2010. Style curvature and its adaptive significance in the Malvaceae. Pl. Syst. Evol. 288: 13-23.
  • Shimamura, R. 2005. Visitation of a specialist pollen feeder Althaeus hibisci Oliver (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) to flowers of Hibiscus moscheutos L. (Malvaceae). J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 132: 197-203.
  • Shimamura, R. 2007. Hydrochory as a determinant of genetic distribution of seeds within Hibiscus moscheutos (Malvaceae) populations. Amer. J. Bot. 94: 1137-1145.
  • Small, R. L. 2004. Phylogeny of Hibiscus sect. Muenchhusia (Malvaceae) based on chloroplast rpL16 and ndhF, and nuclear ITS and GBSSI sequences. Syst. Bot. 29: 385-392.
  • Snow, A. A.; Spira, T. P. 1996. Pollen-tube competition and male fitness in Hibiscus moscheutos. Evolution 50: 1866-1870.
  • Snow, A. A.; Spira, T. P.; Liu, H. 2000. Effects of sequential pollination on the success of "fast" and "slow" pollen donors in Hibiscus moscheutos (Malvaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 87: 1656-1659.
  • Spira, T. P. 1989. Reproductive biology of Hibiscus moscheutos (Malvaceae). In: The evolutionary ecology of plants. Westview Press, Boulder, CO. ,
  • Stout, A. B. 1917. Notes regarding variability of the rose mallows. Torreya 17: 142-148.
  • Takahashi, M.; Kouchi, J. 1988. Ontogenetic development of spinous exine in Hybiscus syriacus (Malvaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 75(10): 1549-58.
  • Walsh, M. A. 1975. Xylem anatomy of Hibiscus (Malvaceae) in relation to habit. Bot. Gaz. 136(1): 30-40.
  • von Balthazar, M. 2004. Comparative floral development and androecium structure in Malvoideae (Malvaceae s.l.). Int. J. Plant Sci. 165: 445-473.