Genus: Phragmites

By Science Staff

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 02/08/2012

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Phragmites Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 34, 559. 1763.

List of Phragmites Species

References to Phragmites

  • Ailstock, M. S.; Norman, C. M.; Bushmann, P. J. 2001. Common reed Phragmites australis: control and its effects upon biodiversity in freshwater nontidal wetlands. Restoration Ecol. 9: 49-59.
  • Belzile, F. 2010. Seeds contribute strongly to the spread of the invasive genotype of the common reed (Phragmites australis). Biological Invasions 12: 2243-2250.
  • Brisson, J. 2008. Evidence of sexual reproduction in the invasive common reed (Phragmites australis subsp. australis; Poaceae) in eastern Canada: a possible consequence of global warming? Rhodora 110: 225-230.
  • Brown, W. T. 2001. Volunteer monitoring of nonindigenous invasive plant species in the Adirondack Park, New York, USA. Natural Areas Journal 21: 189-196.
  • Chambers, R. M.; Meyerson, L. A.; Saltonstall, K. 1999. Expansion of Phragmites australis into tidal wetlands of North America. Aquatic Botany 64: 261-273.
  • Clayton, W. D. 1968. The correct name of the Common Reed. Taxon 7: 168-169.
  • Clevering, Olga A.; Lissner, J. 1999. Taxonomy, chromosome numbers, clonal diversity and population dynamics of (Phragmites australis). Aquatic Botany 64: 185-208.
  • Ekstam, B.; Johannesson, R.; Milberg, P. 1999. The effect of light and number of diurnal temperature fluctuations on germination of Phragmites australis. Seed Sci. Res. 9: 165-170.
  • Hartig, E. K. 1984. Phragmites fire ecology. Proc. Ann. Meet. Assoc. Amer. Geographers 1984: 3 pp.
  • Holdredge, C.; Bertness, M. D. 2011. Litter legacy increases the competpetitive advantage of invasive Phragmites australis) in New England wetlands. Biological Invasions 13: 423-433.
  • Kirk, H. 2011. Long-distance dispersal and high genetic diversity are implicated in the invasive spread of the common reed, Phragmites australis (Poaceae), in northeastern North America. Amer. J. Bot. 98: 1180-1190.
  • Kiviat, E.; Hamilton, E. 2001. Phragmites use by native north Americans. Aquatic Botany 69: 341-357.
  • Lambertini, C. 2006. A phylogeographic study of the cosmopolitan genus Phragmites (Poaceae) based on AFLPs. Pl. Syst. Evol. 258: 161-182.
  • Lelong, B. 2007. Expansion pathways of the exotic common reed (Phragmites australis): a historical and genetic analysis. Diversity and Distributions 13: 430-437.
  • Mal, T. K.; Narine, L. 2004. The biology of Canadian weeds. 129. Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 84: 365-396.
  • Marks, M.; Lapin, B.; Randall, J. 1993. Element stewardship abstract for Phragmites australis - common reed.
  • Meadows, R. E.; Saltonstall, K. 2007. Distribution of native and introduced Phragmites australis in freshwater and oligohaline tidal marshes of the Delmarva Penninsula and southern New Jersey. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 134: 99-107.
  • Meyerson, L. A. 2000. A comparison of Phragmites australis in freshwater and brackish marsh environments in North America. Wetlands Ecology and Management 8: 89-103.
  • Meyerson, L. A. 2010. Hybridization of invasive Phragmites australis with a native subspecies in North America. Biological Invasions 12: 103-111.
  • Miller, R. J. 2009. Spatiotemporal analysis of three common wetland invasive plant species using herbarium specimens and geographic information systems. Castanea 74: 133-145.
  • Moyle, J. B. 1945. Some chemical factors influencing the distribution of aquatic plants in Minnesota. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 34: 402-420.
  • Park, M. G.; Blossey, B. 2008. Importance of plant traits and herbivory for invasevness of Phragmites australis (Poaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 95: 1557-1568.
  • Paul, J. 2010. Molecular data provide strong evidence of natural hybridization between native and introduced lineages of Phragmites australis in North America. Biological Invasions 12: 2967-2973.
  • Saltonstall, K. 2007. Comparison of morphological variation indicative of ploidy level in Phragmites australis (Poaceae) from eastern North America. Rhodora 109: 415-429.
  • Saltonstall, K.; Hauber, D. 2007. Notes on Phragmites australis (Poaceae: Arundinoideae) in North America. J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 1: 385-388.
  • Saltonstall, K.; Peterson, P. M.; Soreng, R. J. 2004. Recognition of Phragmites australis subsp. americanus (Poaceae: Arundinoideae) in North America: evidence from morphological and genetic analyses. Sida 21: 683-692.
  • Strayer, D. L. 2005. Interactions between alien species and restoration of large-river ecosystems. Archiv fuer Hydrobiologie Suppl. 155: 133-145. (Lythrum, Phragmites, Trapa)
  • Sturdevant, A.; Craft, C. B.; Sacco, J. N. 2002. Ecological functions of an impounded marsh and three natural estuarine marshes along Woodbridge River, NY/NJ Harbor. Urban Ecosystems 6: 163-181.
  • Tiner, R. W. 2009. Native Phragmites located on Long Island. Long Island Botanical Society Newsletter 19: 9, 11-12.
  • Vasquez, E. A. 2006. Salt tolerance and osmotic adjustment of Spartina alterniflora (Poaceae) and the invasive M haplotype of Phragmites australis (Poaceae) along a salinity gradient. Amer. J. Bot. 93: 1784-1790.
  • Winogrond, H. G. 1997. Invasion of Phragmites australis in the tidal marshes of the Hudson River. MS Thesis Bard College,