Genus: Parthenocissus

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Parthenocissus quinquefolia   (L.) Planch. ex DC.  -  Virginia Creeper

Photo © by Brooklyn Botanic Garden

By Steven Clemants

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 03/04/2013

Back to Vitaceae


Parthenocissus Planchon in A. DeCandolle & A. C. DeCandolle, Monogr. Phan. 5: 447. 1881 [1887?]. TYPE: Parthenocissus quinquefolia (L.) Planch., designated by ?

Psedera E. L. Greene, Leafl. Bot. Observ. 1: 220. 1906. TYPE: Unknown.

Quinaria Raf., Med. fl. 2: 122. 1830, nom. illeg. (Art. 53.1). TYPE: Two elements, Quinaria hederaceae Raf., nom. inval., is the type according to Index Nominum Genericorum.

Key to the species of Parthenocissus

1. Leaves usually entire and three-lobed, some trifoliate...Parthenocissus tricuspidata
1. Leaves palmately compound, usually with 5 leaflets...2

2. Tendrils many-branched, with numerous adhesive disks; inflorescence with a central axis...Parthenocissus quinquefolia
2. Tendrils few-branched, without adhesive disks; inflorescence dichotomous...Parthenocissus inserta

List of Parthenocissus Species

References to Parthenocissus

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  • Brandt, M. 1911. Untersuchungen uber den Sprossbau der Vitaceen mit besonderer Berucksichtigung der afrikanischen Arten. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 45: 509-63.
  • Bridges, J. T. 1976. An assessment of the ecological impact of Virginia creeper on other plant species in the west pond area of Jamaica Bay Wildlife Refuge, Gateway NRA, New York.
  • Brizicky, George K. 1965. The genera of Vitaceae in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 46: 48-67.
  • Carter, A. 1892. Notes on pollination. Bot. Gaz. 17: 19-22.
  • Carter, G. A.; Teramura, A. H. 1988. Vine photosynthesis and relationships to climbing mechanics in a forest understory. Amer. J. Bot. 75: 1011-8.
  • Carter, G. A.; Teramura, A. H.; Forseth, I. N. 1989. Photosynthesis in an open field for exotic versus native vines of the southeastern United States. Canad. J. Bot. 67: 443-6. (French summary)
  • Charles, J. 1977. Understanding the leaf and its environment. CNRS Research (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique) (6): 44-8.
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  • Coladoanto, M. 1991. Parthenocissus quinquefolia. ()
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  • Dillenburg, L. R. 1991. Competitive interactions between the vines Lonicera japonica or Parthenocissus quinquefolia and the tree host Liquidambar styraciflua- effects and mechanisms. Ph.D. Dissertation Univ. Maryland, College Park, MD,
  • Dillenburg, L. R.; Teramura, A. H.; Forseth, I. N.; Whigham, D. F. 1995. Photosynthetic and biomass allocation responses of Liquidambar styraciflua (Hamamelidaceae) to vine competition. Amer. J. Bot. 82(4): 454-61.
  • Dillenburg, L. R.; Whigham, D. F.; Teramura, A. H.; Forseth, I. N. 1993. Effects of vine competition of availability of light, water, and nitrogen to a tree host Liquidambar styraciflua. Amer. J. Bot. 80: 244-52.
  • Dillenburg, L. R.; Whigham, D. F.; Teramura, A. H.; Forseth, I. N. 1993. Effects of below and above ground competition from the vines Lonicera japonica and Parthenocissus quinquefolia on the growth of the tree host Liquidambar styraciflua. Oecologia 93: 48-54.
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  • Gerrath, J. M.; Posluszny, U. 1989. Morphological and anatomical development in the Vitaceae. III. Vegetative development in Parthenocissus inserta. Canad. J. Bot. 67: 803-16. (French summary)
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  • Graebner, P. 1928. Die Parthenocissus Arten. Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 40: 1-10.
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  • Gupta, P. 1978. Floral anatomy of Parthenocissus Planchon. J. Indian Bot. Soc. 57: 29-30.
  • Harvey, B. T. 1915. The dissemination of Virginia creeper seeds by English sparrows. Pl. World 18: 217-9.
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  • Junker, S.; Reinhold, L. 1975. A scanning electron microspic survey of the surface of senetive tendrils. J. Microscopie Biol. Cell. 23: 175.
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  • Lacroix, C. R.; Posluszny, U. 1989. Stipules in some members of the Vitaceae: relating process of development to the mature structure. Amer. J. Bot. 76: 1203-15.
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  • Moens, P. 1956. OntogenÞse des vrilles et diffÚrenciation des ampoules adhÚsive chez quelques vÚgÚtaux (Ampelopsis, Bignonia, Glaziovia). Cellule 57: 369-401.
  • Moore, M. O. 1989. Vitaceae. In: Native shrubs and woody vines of the southeast. Timber Press, Portland. , 92-4 pages.
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  • Wilson, T.; Posluszny, U. 2003. Complex tedril branching in two species of Parthenocissus: implications for the vitaceous shoot architecture. Canad. J. Bot. 81: 587-597.
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