New York Metropolitan Flora

Genus: Fraxinus

Fraxinus americana

By Science Staff

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 02/06/2013

Back to Oleaceae

Nomenclature

Fraxinus L., Sp. Pl. 1057. 1753. Gen Pl., ed. 5, 477. 1754. LECTOTYPE: Fraxinus excelsior L. designated by Britton & Brown (1913)

Calycomelia Kostel., Allg. Med.-Pharm. Fl. 3: 1003. 1834. TYPE: Not designated.

Leptalix Raf., New Fl. 3: 93. 1838 (“1836”). TYPE: Not designated.

Aplilia Raf., New Fl. 3: 93. 1838 (“1836”). TYPE: Not designated.

List of Fraxinus Species

References to Fraxinus

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  • Anderson, E.; Whelden, C. M. 1936. Studies in the genus Fraxinus. II. Data on the flowering and fruiting habits of three American species of ash- of possible economic importance in the production of rapid-growing forest trees. J. Heredity 27: 473-4.
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  • Davies, W. J.; Kozlowski, T. T. 1974. Stomatal responses of five woody angiosperms to light intensity and humidity. Canad. J. Bot. 52(7): 1525-34.
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  • Echternach, J. L.; Rose, R. K. 1987. Use of woody vegetation by beavers in southeastern Virginia USA. Virginia J. Sci. 38: 226-232.
  • Facey, V. 1950. Abscission of leaves in Fraxinus americana L. New Phyt. 49: 103-16.
  • Fernald, M. L.; Schubert, B. G. 1948. Studies of American types in British herbaria. Rhodora 50: 149-76, 181-208, 217-33.
  • Fitzgerald, C. H.; Reines, M. 1969. A comparative study of the flavonoid content of Fraxinus americana and Fraxinus pennsylvanica. Castanea 34: 192-4.
  • Flower, F. B.; Gilman, E. F.; Leone, I. A. 1981. Landfill gas, what it does to trees and how its injurious effects may be prevented. J. Arboric. 7(2): 43-52.
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  • Gardner, G. 1977. The reproductive capacity of Fraxinus excelsior on the Derbyshire limestone. J. Ecol. 65: 107-18.
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  • Goldsmith, F. B.; Boudreau, P. 1979. Height growth and apical damage of white ash (Fraxinus americana L.) from various latitudes outplanted in New Brunswick. Canad. J. Forest Res. 9: 27-30.
  • Green, D. S. 1980. The terminal velocity and dispersal of spinning samaras. Amer. J. Bot. 67: 1218-24.
  • Greene, D. F.; Johnson, E. A. 1992. Fruit abscission in Acer saccharinum with reference to seed dispersal. Canad. J. Bot. 70(11): 2277-83.
  • Greene, D. F.; Johnson, E. A. 1990. The dispersal of winged fruits and seeds differing in autorotative behavior. Canad. J. Bot. 68: 2693-7. (French summary)
  • Griffith, R. S. 1991. Fraxinus americana. ()
  • Guenther, K. W. 1951. An investigation of the tolerance of white ash reproduction. J. Forest. 49: 576-7.
  • Harborne, J. B. 1980. A chemotaxonomic survey of flavonoids in leaves of the Oleaceae. J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 81: 155-67.
  • Hardin, J. W.; Beckmann, R. L. 1982. Atlas of foliar surface features in woody plants, V. Fraxinus (Oleaceae) of eastern North America. Brittonia 34: 129-40.
  • Harris, J. R.; Bassuk, N. L.; Zobel, R. W.; Whitlow, T. H. 1995. Root and shoot growth periodicity of Green Ash, Scarlet Oak, Turkish Hazelnut, and Tree Lilac. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 120: 211-6.
  • Heaslip, M. B. 1959. Effects of seed irradiation on germination and seedling growth of certain deciduous trees. Ecology 40(3): 383-8.
  • Hemberg, T. 1949. Growth-inhibiting substances in terminal buds of Fraxinus. Physiol. Pl. (Copenhagen) 2: 37-44.
  • Hengst, G. E.; Dawson, J. O. 1994. Bark properties and fire resistance of selected tree species from the central hardwood region of North America. Canad. J. Forest Res. 24: 688-96.
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  • Hosner, J. F. 1958. The effects of complete inundation upon seedlings of six bottomland tree species. Ecology 39: 371-3.
  • Hosner, J. F. 1959. Survival, root, and shoot growth of six bottomland tree species following flooding. J. Forest. 57: 927-8.
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