Genus: Syringa

By Science Staff

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 02/22/2012

Back to Oleaceae


Syringa L., Sp. Pl. 1: 9. 1753. Gen. Pl. 9. 1754 (also spelled “Siringa”).  Lilac Mill., Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4. 1754. LECTOTYPE: Syringa vulgaris L. designated by Britton & Brown (1913).

Lilacum P. Renault, Fl. Orne 100. 1803-04 (also spelled “Lilaca”). TYPE: Unknown.

Key to the species of Syringa


List of Syringa Species

References to Syringa

  • Fiala, J. L. 1988. Lilacs: the genus Syringa. Timber Press, Portland, OR. , 266 pages. (Also Publ. by Christopher Helm, London)
  • Garrison, R. 1949. Origin and development of axillary buds: Syringa vulgaris L. Amer. J. Bot. 36: 205-13.
  • Harborne, J. B. 1980. A chemotaxonomic survey of flavonoids in leaves of the Oleaceae. J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 81: 155-67.
  • Lenz, L. M. 1974. The application of chemosystematics to lilacs. Lilacs 3(1): 25-30.
  • Li, J.; Alexander, J. H.; Zhang, D. 2002. Paraphyletic Syringa (Oleaceae): evidence from sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA ITS and ETS regions. Syst. Bot. 27: 592-597. (Also <em>Ligustrum</em>)
  • McKelvey, S. D. 1928. The Lilac. A Monograph. Macmillan, New York. , 581 pages.
  • Oakes, W. W.; Oakes, G. K. 1983. An annotated bibliography. Lilac Newsl. 9(6): 4-8.
  • Rogers, O. M. 1984. The lilac: taxonomically. Lilacs 13(1): 5-8.
  • Rohwer, J. G. 1993. A preliminary survey of the fruits and seed of the Oleaceae. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 115(2): 271-91.
  • Sax, K. 1930. Chromosome number and behavior in the genus Syringa. J. Arnold Arbor. 11: 7-14.
  • Sax, K.; Abbe, E. C. 1932. Chromosome numbers and the anatomy of the secondary xylem in the Oleaceae. J. Arnold Arbor. 13: 37-48.
  • Sondheimer, E.; Blank, G. E.; Galson, E. C.; Sheets, F. M. 1970. Metabolically active glucosides in Oleaceae seeds. 1. The effects of germination, growth, and hormone treatments. Pl. Physiol. (Lancaster) 45: 658-62.
  • Sucoff, E.; Hong, S. G. 1976. Effect of NaCl on cold hardiness of Malus spp. and Syringa vulgaris. Canad. J. Bot. 54(24): 2816-9.
  • Taylor, H. 1945. Cytotaxonomy and phylogeny of the Oleaceae. Brittonia 5: 337-67.
  • Vaughn, J. G. 1952. An investigation into the stem apex of Syringa vulgaris L. with special reference to the formation of the leaf and leaf procambium. J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 53: 511-5.
  • Wilson, K. A.; Wood, C. E. 1959. The genera of Oleaceae in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 40(4): 369-84.