New York Metropolitan Flora

Genus: Amelanchier

Amelanchier stolonifera
Amelanchier canadensis (L.) Medikus
Amelanchier stolonifera
Amelanchier canadensis (L.) Medikus

By Science Staff

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 05/06/2013

Back to Rosaceae

Nomenclature

Amelanchier Medik., Philos. Bot. 1: 135, 155. 1789 (also spelled “Amelanchus,” “Amelancus,” “Ameancher”). TYPE: Amelanchier ovalis Medik. (Mespilus amelanchier L.) designated by Britton & Brown (1913).

Key to the species of Amelanchier

1. Inflorescence erect...2
1. Inflorescence drooping...5

2. Ovary summit glabrous...3
2. Ovary summit pubescent...4

3. Stem height less than 2 m tall...Amelanchier obovalis
3. Stem height 2 m or more...Amelanchier canadensis

4. Veins ending in teeth...Amelanchier humilis
4. Veins not ending in teeth...Amelanchier stolonifera

5. Stem height less than 2 m Amelanchier nantucketensis
5. Stem height 2 m or more...6

6. Ovary summit glabrous; young branchlets grayish...Amelanchier arborea
6. Ovary summit pubescent; young branchlets reddish...Amelanchier sanguinea

List of Amelanchier Species

References to Amelanchier

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  • Campbell, C. S. et.al. 1997. Morphological variation in sexual and agamospermous Amelanchier (Rosaceae). Canad. J. Bot. 75: 1166-73.
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  • Carpenter, S. B.; Smith, N. D. 1981. A comparative study of leaf thickness among southern Appalachian hardwoods. Canad. J. Bot. 59: 1393-6.
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  • Cook, D. B.; Hamilton, W. J. 1944. The ecological relationships of red fox food in eastern New York. Ecology 25(1): 91-104.
  • Crocker, W.; Barton, L. V. 1931. After-ripening, germination, and storage of certain rosaceous seeds. Contr. Boyce Thompson Inst. Pl. Res. 3: 385-404.
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  • Dibble, A. C. 1995. Conservation biology of shadbush, Amelanchier (Rosaceae): evidence from systematics, population structure and reproductive ecology. Ph.D. Dissertation University of Maine, Orono, ME,
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  • Dibble, A. C.; Drummond, F. A. 1997. Floral syndrome in Amelanchier nantucketensis (Rosaceae). I. Floral density, bee activity, and characterization of andropetaly. Canad. J. Bot. 75: 1851-9.
  • Dibble, A. C.; Drummond, F. A.; Laberge, W. E. 1997. Floral syndrome in Amelanchier nantucketensis (Rosaceae). II. Bee preference and diversity associated with andropetaly. Canad. J. Bot. 75: 1860-7.
  • Dibble, A. C.; Wright, W. A.; Campbell, C. S. 1998. Quantitative morphology of the Amelanchier agamic complex (Rosaceae) at a Maine site. Syst. Bot. 23: 31-41.
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  • Fernald, M. L. 1946. Amelanchier spicata not an American species. Rhodora 48(570): 125-9.
  • Fernald, M. L. 1941. Another century of additions to the flora of Virginia. Rhodora 43: 559-630, 635-657.
  • Fletcher, W. F. 1946. American species of Amelanchier. Ill. Biol. Monographs. Vol. 20, No. 2. Univ. of Illinois Press, Urbana.
  • Frye, C. T. 2006. Morphometric analysis of an Amelanchier (Rosaceae: Maloideae) complex on the Delmarva Peninsula (Delaware, Maryland and eastern Virginia) resolves the taxonomic identities of Amelanchier obovalis and A. canadensis. Sida 22: 1027-1048.
  • Good, N. F.; Good, R. E. 1972. Population dynamics of tree seedlings and saplings in a mature eastern hardwood forest. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 99: 172-8.
  • Gorchov, D. L. 1985. Fruit ripening asynchrony is related to variable seed number in Amelanchier and Vaccinium. Amer. J. Bot. 72: 1939-43.
  • Gorchov, D. L. 1988. Effects of pollen and resources on seed number and other fitness components in Amelanchier arborea (Rosaceae: Maloideae). Amer. J. Bot. 75(9): 1275-85.
  • Gorchov, D. L. 1988. Does asynchronous fruit ripening avoid satiation of seed dispersers?: a field test. Ecology 69: 1545-51.
  • Gorchov, D. L.; Estabrook, G. F. 1987. A test of several hypotheses for the determination of seed number in Amelanchier arborea, using simulated probability distributions to evaluate data. Amer. J. Bot. 74: 1893-7.
  • Hargrave, P. D. 1937. Seed germination of the saskatoon and pinchberry. Sci. Agr. Ottawa 17: 736-9.
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  • Heit, C. E. 1968. Thirty-five years' testing of tree and shrub seed. J. Forest. 66(8): 632-3.
  • Hilton, R. J.; Jaswal, A. S.; Teskey, B. J. E.; Barabas, B. 1965. Rest period studies on seeds on Amelanchier, Prunus and Sorbus. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 45: 79-85.
  • Hooker, J. D. 1898. Amelanchier canadensis, Medic. var. oblongifolia, Torr. & Gr. Bot. Mag. 124: pl. 7619.
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