New York Metropolitan Flora

Genus: Aronia

Aronia arbutifolia
Aronia melanocarpa

By Science Staff

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 03/05/2013

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Nomenclature

Aronia Medik., Philos. Bot. 1: 140, 155. 1789, nom. cons. Adenorachis (DC.) Nieuwl., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 93. 1915, nom. illeg. (Art. 52.1). TYPE: Aronia arbutifolia (L.) Pers.

Key to the species of Aronia

1. Lower leaf surface, young shoots, and rachis pubescent...2
1. Lower leaf surface, young shoots, and rachis glabrous...Aronia melanocarpa

2. Sepals stipitate glandular; fruit red; lower leaf surfaces densely tomentose...Aronia arbutifolia
2. Sepals glandless or nearly so; fruit purple to purple-black; lower leaf surface scarcely tomentose...Aronia √óprunifolia

List of Aronia Species

References to Aronia

  • Brand, M. 2009. Aronia: native shrubs with untapped potential. Arnoldia (Jamaica Plain) 67: 14-25.
  • Britton, Nathaniel L. 1918. Aronia atropurpurea. Addisonia 3: 1-2.
  • Britton, Nathaniel L. 1918. Aronia arbutifolia. Addisonia 3: 33.
  • Challice, J. S. 1981. Chemotaxonomic studies in the family Rosaceae and the evolutionary origins of the subfamily Maloideae. Preslia 53(4): 289-304. (Chech summary)
  • Dandy, J. E. 1969. Nomina conservanda proposita (272) 3338 pars. Aronia Medikus. Taxon 18: 467.
  • Davis, W. T. 1904. The ripening of the fruit of chokeberries. Proc. Nat. Sci. Assoc. Staten Island 9: 32.
  • Fernald, M. L. 1947. Minor transfers in Pyrus. Rhodora 49(585): 229-33.
  • Guo, W. et.al. 2011. A phylogeny of Photinia sensu lato (Rosaceae) and related genera based on nrITS and cpDNA analysis. Pl. Syst. Evol. 291: 91-102.
  • Hall, I. V.; Wood, G. W.; Jackson, L. P. 1979. The Biology of Canadian weeds. 30. Pyrus melanocarpa Willd. In: The Biology of Canadian weeds. Contributions 1-32. Biosystematics Research Institute, Ottawa. , 348-53 pages. (Publication 1693)
  • Hardin, J. W. 1973. The enigmatic chokeberries (Aronia, Rosaceae). Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 100: 178-184.
  • Hooker, W. J. 1838. Pyrus arbutifolia. Arbutus-leaved Aronia. Bot. Mag. 65: pl. 3668.
  • McIninch, S. M.; Garbisch, E. W.; Biggs, D. 1994. The benefits of wet-acclimating woody wetland plant species. Wetland Journal 6: 19-23.
  • McLean, F. T. 1933. Torrey Botanical Club, Meeting of October 19, 1932. Torreya 33: 21-4.
  • McVaugh, R. 1971. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: conservation of generic names: 14. Proposal 272. [3338 pars] Aronia Medikus. Taxon 20(2-3): 386.
  • Mitchell, C. C.; Niering, William A. 1993. Vegetation change in a topogenic bog following beaver flooding. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 120(2): 136-47.
  • Paratley, R. D. 1986. Vegetation-environment relations in a conifer swamp in central New York. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 113: 357-371.
  • Phipps, J. B.; Robertson, K. R.; Rohrer, J. R.; Smith, P. G. 1991. Origins and evolution of subfam. Maloideae (Rosaceae). Syst. Bot. 16: 303-32.
  • Phipps, J. B.; Smith, P. G.; Rohrer, J. R. 1990. A checklist of the subfamily Maloideae (Rosaceae). Canad. J. Bot. 68: 2209-69. (French summary)
  • Robertson, K. R.; Phipps, J. B.; Rohrer, J. R.; Smith, P. G. 1991. A synopsis of genera in Maloideae (Rosaceae). Syst. Bot. 16: 376-94.
  • Robinson, B. L. 1908. Notes on the vascular plants of the northeastern United States. Rhodora 10: 29-35.
  • Rohrer, J. R.; Robertson, K. R.; Phipps, J. B. 1991. Variation in structure among fruits of Maloideae (Rosaceae) Amer. J. Bot. 78: 1617-35.
  • Rossell, I. M.; Kesgen, J. M. 2003. The distribution and fruiting of red and black chokeberry (Aronia arbutifolia and A. melanocarpa) in a southern Appalachian fen. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 130: 202-205.
  • Sargent, C. S. 1890. Pyrus arbutifolia. Gard. & Forest 3: 416-7.
  • Small, E. 1976. Insect pollinators of the Mer Bleue peat bog of Ottawa. Canad. Field-Naturalist 90: 22-28.
  • Stapf, O. 1925. Aronia melanocarpa. Bot. Mag. 150: pl. 9052.
  • Sterling, C. 1965. Comparative morphology of the carpel in the Rosaceae. V. Pomoideae: Amelanchier, Aronia, Malacomeles, Malus, Peraphyllum, Pyrus, Sorbus. Amer. J. Bot. 52: 418-26.
  • Uttal, L. J. 1984. Nomenclatural changes, lectotypification and comments in Aronia Medikus (Rosaceae). Sida 10(3): 199-202.