New York Metropolitan Flora

Genus: Crataegus

Crataegus crus-galli Crataegus succulenta

By Science Staff

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 01/18/2012

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Nomenclature

Crataegus L., Sp. Pl. 475. 1753. Gen. Pl., ed. 5, 213. 1754. Oxyacantha Medik., Philos. Bot. 1: 150, 154, 155. 1789, nom. illeg. (Art. 52.1). LECTOTYPE: Crataegus oxyacantha L., designated by Britton & Brown (1913).

Xeromalon Raf., New Fl. 3: 11. 1838. TYPE: Xeromalon obovatum Raf.

Phaenopyrum M. Roem., Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 3: 152. 1847. TYPE: Unknown.

Phalacros Wenz., Linnaea 38: 164. 1874. TYPE: Phalacros cordatus (Mill.) Wenz. (=Crataegus phaenopyrum (L. f.) Medik.).

List of Crataegus Species

References to Crataegus

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  • Anonymous 1977. Dotted hawthorn, Crataegus punctata. Rose family (Rosaceae). Morton Arbor. Quart. 13(1): 15.
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  • Anonymous 1887. Proceedings of the Club. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 14: 88.
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  • Bush, B. F. 1912. The geographic origin of Crataegus viridis L. Rhodora 14: 81-6.
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  • Camp, W. H. 1942. Ecological problems and species concepts in Crataegus. Ecology 23: 368-9.
  • Challice, J. S. 1981. Chemotaxonomic studies in the family Rosaceae and the evolutionary origins of the subfamily Maloideae. Preslia 53(4): 289-304. (Chech summary)
  • Christensen, K. I. 1982. A biometric study of some hybridising Crataegus populations in Denmark. Nordic J. Bot. 2: 537-48.
  • Corbet, S. A. 1979. Humidity, nectar and insect visits to flowers, with special reference to Crataegus, Tilia, and Echium. Ecol. Entomol. 4: 9-22.
  • Courtney, S. P.; Manzur, M. I. 1985. Fruiting and fitness in Crataegus monogyna: The effects of frugivores and seed predators. Oikos 44: 398-406.
  • Davis, W. E.; Rose, R. C. 1912. The effect of external conditions upon the after-ripening of the seeds of Crataegus mollis. Bot. Gaz. 54: 49-62.
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  • Dickinson, T. A. 1983. Crataegus crus-galli L. sensu lato in southern Ontario: phenotypic variation and variability in relation to reproductive behavior. Ph.D. Dissertation Univ. Western Ontario, London, Ontario,
  • Dickinson, T. A. 1985. The biology of Canadian weeds. 68. Crataegus crus-galli L. sensu lato. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 65: 641-54.
  • Dickinson, T. A.; Belaoussoff, S.; Love, R. M.; Muniyamma, M. 1996. North American black-fruited hawthorns: 1. Variation in floral construction, breeding system correlates, and their possible evolutionary significance in Crataegus sect. Douglasii Loudon. Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 31: 355-71.
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  • Dickinson, T. A.; Phipps, J. B. 1984. Studies in Crataegus (Rosaceae: Maloideae). IX. Short-shoot leaf heteroblasty in Crataegus crus-galli sensu lato. Canad. J. Bot. 62: 1775-80.
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  • Eggleston, W. W. 1908. The Crataegi of the northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. Rhodora 10: 73-84.
  • Eggleston, W. W. 1908. The thorn trees, genus Crataegus L. In: North American Trees. Holt, New York. , 443-82 pages.
  • Eggleston, W. W. 1906. Crataegus of Dutchess County, New York. Torreya 6: 63-7. (Also Bergen, Nassau, Putnam, & Westchester Cos.)
  • El-Gazzar, A. 1980. The taxonomic significance of leaf morphology in Crataegus (Rosaceae). Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 101: 457-69.
  • El-Gazzar, A.; Badawi, A. A. 1977. The taxonomic significance of chromosome numbers and geography in Crataegus L. Phytologia 35(4): 271-5.
  • Flemion, F. 1938. Breaking the dormancy of seeds of Crataegus species. Contr. Boyce Thompson Inst. Pl. Res. 9: 409-23.
  • Gorchov, D. L. 1987. Sequence of fruit ripening in bird-dispersed plants: consistency among years. Ecology 68: 223-5.
  • Gosler, A. G.; Kelly, C. K.; Blakey, J. K. 1994. Phenotypic plasticity in leaf morphology of Crataegus monogyna (Rosaceae): an experimental study with taxonomic implications. J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 115(3): 211-9.
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  • Hunter, J. C.; Mattice, J. A. 2002. The spread of woody exotics into the forests of a northeastern landscape, 1938-1999. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 129: 220-227.
  • Kruschke, E. P. 1955. The hawthorns of Wisconson. I. Status, objectives, and methods of collecting and preparing specimens. Milwaukee Public Mus. Publ. Bot. 2: 1-124.
  • Kruschke, E. P. 1965. Contributions to the taxonomy of Crataegus. Milwaukee Public Mus. Publ. Bot. 3: 1-273.
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  • Lindenhofer, A; Weber, A 1999. The spiraeoid androecium of Pyroideae and Amygdaloideae (Rosaceae). Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 121: 583-605.
  • Lo, E. Y. Y. et.al. 2010. Fine-scale comparisons of genetic variability in seed families of asexually and sexually reproducing Crataegus (Hawthorn; Rosaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 97: 1014-1024.
  • Longley, A. E. 1924. Cytological studies in the genus Crataegus. Amer. J. Bot. 11: 295-317.
  • Macklin, J. A.; Phipps, J. B. 2006. Studies in Crataegus series Coccineae. I. Delimitation of series. Canad. J. Bot. 84: 70-86.
  • Macklin, J. A.; Phipps, J. B.; Boufford, D. E. 2000. Charles Sargnet's type concept: a guide to interpreting his names in Crataegus (Rosaceae). Harvard Papers in Botany 5: 123-128.
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  • Myers, J. A. et.al. 2004. Seed dispersal by white-tailed deer: implications for long-distance dispersal, invasion, and migration of plants in eastern North America. Oecologia 139: 35-44.
  • Nash, G. V. 1919. Crataegus succulenta. Addisonia 4: 5-6.
  • Nash, G. V. 1920. Crataegus phaenopyrum. Addisonia 5: 33.
  • Nash, G. V. 1919. Crataegus macrosperma. Addisonia 4: 35.
  • Ode, B. 1996. Crataegus crus-galli L. Gorteria 22: 165-6. (In Dutch)
  • Palmer, E. J. 1932. Crataegus arnoldiana Addisonia 17: 33-4. (= C. mollis)
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  • Palmer, E. J. 1946. Crataegus in the northeastern and central United States and adjacent Canada. Brittonia 5: 471-490.
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  • Palmer, E. J. 1925. Synopsis of North American Crataegi. J. Arnold Arbor. 6: 5-128.
  • Parrish, J. A. D.; Bazzaz, F. A. 1982. Niche responses of early and late successional tree seedlings on three resource gradients. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 109(4): 451-6.
  • Phipps, J. B. 1988. Crataegus (Maloideae, Rosaceae) of the southeastern United States, I. Introduction and series Aestivales. J. Arnold Arbor. 69(4): 401-31.
  • Phipps, J. B. 2008. Kruschke names in North American Crataegus (Rosaceae): a correction and clarifications. J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 2: 473.
  • Phipps, J. B. 2007. Kruschke names in North American Crataegus (Rosaceae). J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 1: 1011-1014. (for a correction and clarification see: J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 2:473. 2008.)
  • Phipps, J. B. 2007. Miscellaneous typifications, new combinations and one new variety in North American Crataegus (Rosaceae). J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 1: 1005-1010.
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  • Phipps, J. B. 1984. Problems of hybridity in the cladistics of Crataegus (Rosaceae). In: Plant Biosystematics. Academic Press, Toronto. , 417-38 pages.
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  • Phipps, J. B. 1981. Infra-generic ranks in Crataegus (Rosaceae).
  • Phipps, J. B. 1988. Typification of Crataegus crus-galli L. (Rosaceae) and nomenclatural notes on some related species of hawthorn. J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 96(4): 359-69.
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  • Phipps, J. B. 2006. Crataegus series Parvifoliae and its putative hybrids in the southeastern United States. Sida 22: 423-445.
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  • Phipps, J. B.; Smith, P. G.; Rohrer, J. R. 1990. A checklist of the subfamily Maloideae (Rosaceae). Canad. J. Bot. 68: 2209-69. (French summary)
  • Power, N. 1980. Crataegus-insect relationships. , Unpubl. honours thesis Univ. Western Ontario, London, Ontario,
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