New York Metropolitan Flora

Genus: Lycium

By Science Staff

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 02/02/2012

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Lycium L., Sp. Pl. 1: 191. 1753. Gen. Pl., ed. 5, 88. 1754. Jasminoides Duhamel, Traité Arbr. Arbust. 1: 305. 1755, nom. illeg. (Art. 52.1). Oplukion Raf., Sylva Tellur. 53. 1838, nom. illeg. (Art. 52.1). LECTOTYPE: Lycium afrum L. designated by Britton & Brown (1913).

Teremis Raf., Sylva Tellur. 53. 1838. LECTOTYPE: Teremis barbarum Raf. (=Lycium barbarum L.), designated by D’Arcy (1986).

Key to the species of Lycium


List of Lycium Species

References to Lycium

  • Badr, A. 1997. Chromosomal criteria and taxonomic relationships in the Solanaceae. Cytologia 62: 103-113.
  • Dharmananda, S. 1997. Lycium fruit.
  • Feng, H. J. 1998. The effect of Lycium barbarum (Wolfberry) on antioxidant activity in the retina of diabetic rats.
  • Hitchcock, C. L. 1932. A monographic study of the genus Lycium of the Western Hemisphere. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 19: 179-374.
  • Levin, R. A. 2011. A new generic circumscription in tribe Lycieae (Solanaceae). Taxon 60: 681-690.
  • Levin, R. A.; Miller, J. S. 2005. Relationships within tribe Lycieae (Solanaceae): paraphyly of Lycium and multiple orgins of gender dimorphism. Amer. J. Bot. 92: 2044-2053.
  • Miller, J. S. 2002. Phylogenetic relationships and the evolution of gender dimorphism in Lycium (Solanaceae). Syst. Bot. 27: 416-428.
  • Murray, M. A. 1945. Carpellary and placental structure in the Solanaceae. Bot. Gaz. 107: 243-260.