Family: Solanaceae

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara   L.  -  Climbing Nightshade
Photo © by Bryan E. Dutton

By Science Staff

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 03/15/2013

Key to the genera of Solanaceae

1. Plants shrubs; petioles less than 1 cm long...Lycium
1. Plants herbs or lianas; petioles 1-4 cm long...Solanum

List of Solanaceae Genera

References to Solanaceae

  • Anonymous 1982. Recent Solanaceae bibliography. Solanaceae Newsl. 2(2): 42-7.
  • Anonymous 1981. Recent Solanaceae bibliography. Solanaceae Newsl. 2(1): 67-9.
  • Axelius, B. 1996. The phylogenetic relationships of the Physaloid Genera (Solanaceae) based on morphological data.
  • Badr, A. 1997. Chromosomal criteria and taxonomic relationships in the Solanaceae. Cytologia 62: 103-113.
  • Bahadur, B. 1989. SEM studies of seeds in nine species of Petunia Juss. Solanaceae. Phytomorphology 39: 121-128.
  • Benitez de Rojas, C. 2000. Seed morphology of fourteen species of Cuatresia, Lycianthes, Nicandra, Salpichroa and Sessea (Solanaceae). Phyton 67: 159-175.
  • Benvenuti, S.; Macchia, M. 1998. Phytochrome-mediated germination control of Datura stramonium L. seeds after seed burial. Weed Research 38: 199-205.
  • Bohs, L.; Olmstead, R. 1994. Molecular approaches to Solanum phylogeny. Solanaceae Newsl. 4: 9-10. (Abstract)
  • Bohs, L.; Olmstead, R. G. 1997. Phylogenetic relationships in Solanum (Solanaceae) based on ndhF sequences. Syst. Bot. 22: 5-17.
  • Borner, C. 1912. Botanisch-systematische Notizen. Abh. Naturwiss. Vereine Bremen 21: 282.
  • Carrizo-Garcia, C. 1999. Morphological and anatomical studies of the fertile floral whorls in Nicandra physalodes (Solanaceae). Kurtziana 27: 173-185. (In Spanish)
  • Chancellor, R. J. 1986. Decline of arable weed seeds during 20 Years in soil under grass and the periodicity of seedling emergence after cultivation.
  • Chaudhary, R. K. 2002. Karyomorphological studies in Datura metel Linn. Advances in Plant Sciences 15: 245-247.
  • Clough, J. M.; Teeri, J. A.; Tonser, S. J. 1983. Photosynthetic adaptation of Solanum dulcamara L. to sun and shade environments. IV. A comparison of North American and European genotypes. Oecologia 60: 348-52.
  • Collins, F. S. 1910. A variety of Solanum new to America. Rhodora 12: 40.
  • Connolly, B. A. 2008. Six new vascular plant taxa for Connecticut. Rhodora 110: 354-358.
  • Connolly, B. A.; Anderson, G. J. 2003. Functional significance of the androecium in staminate and hermaphroditic flowers of Solanum carolinense (Solanaceae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 240: 235-243.
  • D'Arcy, W. G. 1986. The genera of Solanaceae and their types. Solanaceae Newsl. 2(4): 10-33.
  • D'Arcy, W. G. (eds.) (1986): 1986. Solanaceae: biology and systematics. Papers presented at the Second International Symposium on the Biology and Systematics of the Solanaceae, Aug. 3-6, 1983, Missouri Botanical Garden. Columbia University Press, New York. , 603 pages.
  • Dan, S.; Dan, S. S. 1984. Chemotaxonomy of the genus Solanum. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 5(4): 875-9.
  • Derman, H. 1931. Polyploidy in Petunia. Amer. J. Bot. 18: 250-261.
  • Dharmananda, S. 1997. Lycium fruit.
  • Feng, H. J. 1998. The effect of Lycium barbarum (Wolfberry) on antioxidant activity in the retina of diabetic rats.
  • Geerinck, D. 1998. Intraspecific variations of Datura stramonium L. (Solanaceae). Naturalistes Belges 79: 270-272. (In French)
  • Glenn, Steven D. 1995. Bumblebees (Bombus sp.) visiting flowers of Solanum dulcamara L.
  • Hadkins, E. S. 1997. Typification of Linnaean Datura names (Solanaceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 125: 295-308.
  • Hawkes, J. G. 1978. Systematic notes on the Solanaceae. J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 76(4): 287-95.
  • Hawkes, J. G.; Lester, R. N.; Skelding, A. D. (eds.) (1979): 1979. The biology and taxonomy of the Solanaceae. Linn. Soc. Symp. Ser. No. 7. Academic Press, NY. , 738 pages. (See review by J.F. Morton, J. Econ. Bot. 35(1):138-139. 1981.)
  • Heiser, C. B. Jr.; Smith, P. G. 1953. The cultivated capsicum peppers. Econ. Bot. 7: 214-227.
  • Hitchcock, C. L. 1932. A monographic study of the genus Lycium of the Western Hemisphere. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 19: 179-374.
  • Holubowicz, R. 1992. Internal seed structure of selected vegetable species. Acta Botanica Hungarica 37: 267-277.
  • Jiao, M. 2002. Allozyme variation in Mexican species and classification of Datura (Solanaceae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 232: 155-166.
  • Knapp, S. 1983. Sectional nomenclature in Solanum (Solanaceae). Taxon 32: 635-6.
  • Lester, R. 1984. Solanum synonym database. Solanaceae Newsl. 2(3): 2-3.
  • Levin, R. A. 2011. A new generic circumscription in tribe Lycieae (Solanaceae). Taxon 60: 681-690.
  • Levin, R. A.; Miller, J. S. 2005. Relationships within tribe Lycieae (Solanaceae): paraphyly of Lycium and multiple orgins of gender dimorphism. Amer. J. Bot. 92: 2044-2053.
  • Lu, Y. 2006. Historical events and allelic polymorphism at the gametophytic self-incompatibility locus in Solanaceae. Heredity 96: 22-28. (Solanum carolinense and Physalis longifolia)
  • Lu, Y. 2002. Molecular evolution at the self-incompatibility locus of Physalis longifolia (Solanaceae). J. Molecular Evolution 54: 784-793.
  • Martins, T. R.; Barkman, T. J. 2005. Reconstruction of Solanaceae phylogeny using the nuclear gene SAMT. Syst. Bot. 30: 435-447.
  • Mathe, I.; Mathe, I. 1972. Contributions to variability of Solanum dulcamara L. Bot. Kozlem. 59(2): 129-34. (English summary)
  • Menzel, M. Y. 1951. The cytotaxonomy and genetics of Physalis.
  • Miller, J. S. 2002. Phylogenetic relationships and the evolution of gender dimorphism in Lycium (Solanaceae). Syst. Bot. 27: 416-428.
  • Motten, A. F.; Stone, J. L. 2000. Heritability of stigma position and the effect of stigma-anther separation on outcrossing in a predominantly self-fertilizing weed, Datura stramonium (Solanaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 87: 339-347.
  • Murray, M. A. 1945. Carpellary and placental structure in the Solanaceae. Bot. Gaz. 107: 243-260.
  • Murthy, K. S. R. 2006. Abnormal flowering in Datura metel L. Indian Forester 132: 387.
  • Myers, J. A. 2004. Seed dispersal by white-tailed deer: implications for long-distance dispersal, invasion, and migration of plants in eastern North America. Oecologia 139: 35-44.
  • Nussbaum, E. S. 1985. The effects of temperature and rainfall on emergence and growth of eight weeds. Weed Science 33: 165-170.
  • Olmstead, R. G. 1994. Phylogeny of the Solanaceae based on chloroplast DNA. Solanaceae Newsl. 4: 33-4. (Abstract)
  • Olmstead, R. G. 2008. A molecular phylogeny of the Solanaceae. Taxon 57: 1159-1181.
  • Olmstead, R. G.; Palmer, J. D. 1992. A chloroplast DNA phylogeny of the Solanaceae: subfamilial relationships and character evolution. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 79: 346-60.
  • Olmstead, R. G.; Palmer, J. D. 1997. Implications for the phylogeny, classification, and biogeography of Solanum from cpDNA restriction site variation. Syst. Bot. 22: 19-29.
  • Osmond, C. B. 1983. Interaction between irradiance, nitrogen nutrition, and water stress in the sun-shade responses of Solanum dulcamara. Oecologia 57: 316-21.
  • Pabon-Mora, N.; Litt, A. 2011. Comparative anatomical and developmental analysis of dry and fleshy fruits of Solanaceae. Amer. J. Bot. 98: 1415-1436.
  • Pemberton, R. W.; Irving, D. W. 1990. Elaiosomes on weed seeds and the potential for myrmecochory in naturalized plants.
  • Poczai, P. 2008. Analysis of phylogenetic relationships in the genus Solanum (Solanaceae) as revealed by RAPD markers. Pl. Syst. Evol. 275: 59-67.
  • Quesada-Aguilar, A. 2008. Flower morphology and pollinator dynamics in Solanum carolinense (Solanaceae): implications for the evolution of andromonoecy. Amer. J. Bot. 95: 974-984.
  • Rodriguez, I. 2000. Flower anatomy and morphology of Exodeconus maritimus (Solanaceae, Solaneae) and Nicandra physalodes (Solanaceae, Nicandreae): Importance for their systematic relationships. Addisonia 22: 187-199.
  • Roe, K. E. 1971. Terminology of hairs in the genus Solanum. Taxon 20(4): 501-8.
  • Rutherford, A. 1982. Coulour forms of Solanum dulcamara L. Glascow Naturalist 20(3): 263.
  • Sander, H. 1963. Zur Chemotaxonomie der Gattung Solanum (sensu ampl.). Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 82: 404-28. (In German)
  • Sattler, R. 1977. Corolla tube inception in Solanum dulcamara L. and "congential fusion". Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 90(1-2): 29-38. (In German; English summary)
  • Schilling, E. E. Jr.; Heiser, C. B. Jr. 1976. Re-examination of a numerical taxonomic study of Solanum species and hybrids. Taxon 25: 451-62.
  • Schreiber, K. 1958. The alkaloids of Solanum dulcamara L. Planta Medica 6: 93-6. (In German)
  • Schreiber, K.; Ronsch, H. 1960. Recent investigations of the chemistry and biochemistry of the alkaloids of Solanum dulcamara L. (In German)
  • Seithe, A. 1962. Die Haararten der Gattung Solanum L. und ihre taxonomische Verwertung. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 81: 261-336. (In German)
  • Sharma, B. D. 1974. Contribution to the palynotaxonomy of genus Solanum Linn. J. Palynol. 10(1): 51-68.
  • Sherburne, J. A. 1972. Effects of seasonal changes in the abundance and chemistry of the fleshy fruits of northeastern woody shrubs on patterns of exploitation by frugivorous birds. Ph.D. Dissertation Cornell University, Ithaca, NY157 p.
  • Smith, A. J. 1975. Invasion and ecesis of bird-disseminated woody plants in a temperate forest sere. Ecology 56(1): 19-34.
  • Sullivan, J. R. 2004. The genus Physalis (Solanaceae) in the southeastern United States. Rhodora 106: 305-326.
  • Symon, D. E. 1987. Placentation patterns and seed numbers in Solanum (Solancaceae) fruits. J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 10(2): 179-99.
  • Symon, D. E. 1996. On dividing up the genus Solanum. Solanaceae Newsl. 4: 39-40. (Abstract)
  • Tetenyi, P.; Bernath, J.; Vo-Hong, N. 1977. Steroid alkaloids in Solanum dulcamara populations. Herba Hung. 16: 55-60.
  • Thomson, C. E.; Witt, W. W. 1987. Germination of cutleaf groundcherry (Physalis angulata), smooth groundcherry (Physalis virginiana), and eastern black nightshade (Solanum ptycanthum). Weed Science 35: 58-62.
  • Valverde, P. L. 2003. Evolutionary ecology of Datura stramonium: Equal plant fitness benefits of growth and resistance against herbivory. J. Evol. Biol. 16: 127-137.
  • Walsh, B. M.; Hoot, S. B. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships of Capsicum (Solanaceae) using DNA sequences from two noncoding regions: the chloroplast atpB-rbcL spacer region and nuclear waxy introns. Int. J. Plant Sci. 162: 1409-1418.
  • Weese, T. L.; Bohs, L. 2007. A three-gene phylogeny of the genus Solanum (Solanaceae). Syst. Bot. 32: 445-463.
  • Whitson, M.; Manos, P. S. 2005. Untangling Physalis (Solanaceae) from the physaloids: A two-gene phylogeny of the Physalinae. Syst. Bot. 30: 216-230.
  • Zhang, Z. Y. 2005. Seed morphology of the tribe Hyoscyameae (Solanaceae). Taxon 54: 71-83.