Genus: Solanum

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara   L.  -  Climbing Nightshade
Photo © by Bryan E. Dutton

By Science Staff

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 03/15/2013

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Solanum L., Sp. Pl. 1: 184. 1753. Gen. Pl., ed. 5, 85. 1754. LECTOTYPE: Solanum nigrum L., designated by Börner (1912).

Dulcamara Moench, Methodus 514. 1794. TYPE: Dulcamara flexuosa Moench (=Solanum dulcamara L.).

Key to the species of Solanum


List of Solanum Species

References to Solanum

  • Bohs, L.; Olmstead, R. 1994. Molecular approaches to Solanum phylogeny. Solanaceae Newsl. 4: 9-10. (Abstract)
  • Bohs, L.; Olmstead, R. G. 1997. Phylogenetic relationships in Solanum (Solanaceae) based on ndhF sequences. Syst. Bot. 22: 5-17.
  • Borner, C. 1912. Botanisch-systematische Notizen. Abh. Naturwiss. Vereine Bremen 21: 282.
  • Chancellor, R. J. 1986. Decline of arable weed seeds during 20 Years in soil under grass and the periodicity of seedling emergence after cultivation.
  • Clough, J. M.; Teeri, J. A.; Tonser, S. J. 1983. Photosynthetic adaptation of Solanum dulcamara L. to sun and shade environments. IV. A comparison of North American and European genotypes. Oecologia 60: 348-52.
  • Collins, F. S. 1910. A variety of Solanum new to America. Rhodora 12: 40.
  • Connolly, B. A. 2008. Six new vascular plant taxa for Connecticut. Rhodora 110: 354-358.
  • Connolly, B. A.; Anderson, G. J. 2003. Functional significance of the androecium in staminate and hermaphroditic flowers of Solanum carolinense (Solanaceae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 240: 235-243.
  • D'Arcy, W. G. 1986. The genera of Solanaceae and their types. Solanaceae Newsl. 2(4): 10-33.
  • D'Arcy, W. G. (eds.) (1986): 1986. Solanaceae: biology and systematics. Papers presented at the Second International Symposium on the Biology and Systematics of the Solanaceae, Aug. 3-6, 1983, Missouri Botanical Garden. Columbia University Press, New York. , 603 pages.
  • Dan, S.; Dan, S. S. 1984. Chemotaxonomy of the genus Solanum. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 5(4): 875-9.
  • Glenn, Steven D. 1995. Bumblebees (Bombus sp.) visiting flowers of Solanum dulcamara L.
  • Holubowicz, R. 1992. Internal seed structure of selected vegetable species. Acta Botanica Hungarica 37: 267-277.
  • Knapp, S. 1983. Sectional nomenclature in Solanum (Solanaceae). Taxon 32: 635-6.
  • Lester, R. 1984. Solanum synonym database. Solanaceae Newsl. 2(3): 2-3.
  • Lu, Y. 2006. Historical events and allelic polymorphism at the gametophytic self-incompatibility locus in Solanaceae. Heredity 96: 22-28. (Solanum carolinense and Physalis longifolia)
  • Mathe, I.; Mathe, I. 1972. Contributions to variability of Solanum dulcamara L. Bot. Kozlem. 59(2): 129-34. (English summary)
  • Murray, M. A. 1945. Carpellary and placental structure in the Solanaceae. Bot. Gaz. 107: 243-260.
  • Myers, J. A. 2004. Seed dispersal by white-tailed deer: implications for long-distance dispersal, invasion, and migration of plants in eastern North America. Oecologia 139: 35-44.
  • Nussbaum, E. S. 1985. The effects of temperature and rainfall on emergence and growth of eight weeds. Weed Science 33: 165-170.
  • Olmstead, R. G.; Palmer, J. D. 1997. Implications for the phylogeny, classification, and biogeography of Solanum from cpDNA restriction site variation. Syst. Bot. 22: 19-29.
  • Osmond, C. B. 1983. Interaction between irradiance, nitrogen nutrition, and water stress in the sun-shade responses of Solanum dulcamara. Oecologia 57: 316-21.
  • Pabon-Mora, N.; Litt, A. 2011. Comparative anatomical and developmental analysis of dry and fleshy fruits of Solanaceae. Amer. J. Bot. 98: 1415-1436.
  • Poczai, P. 2008. Analysis of phylogenetic relationships in the genus Solanum (Solanaceae) as revealed by RAPD markers. Pl. Syst. Evol. 275: 59-67.
  • Quesada-Aguilar, A. 2008. Flower morphology and pollinator dynamics in Solanum carolinense (Solanaceae): implications for the evolution of andromonoecy. Amer. J. Bot. 95: 974-984.
  • Roe, K. E. 1971. Terminology of hairs in the genus Solanum. Taxon 20(4): 501-8.
  • Rutherford, A. 1982. Coulour forms of Solanum dulcamara L. Glascow Naturalist 20(3): 263.
  • Sander, H. 1963. Zur Chemotaxonomie der Gattung Solanum (sensu ampl.). Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 82: 404-28. (In German)
  • Sattler, R. 1977. Corolla tube inception in Solanum dulcamara L. and "congential fusion". Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 90(1-2): 29-38. (In German; English summary)
  • Schreiber, K. 1958. The alkaloids of Solanum dulcamara L. Planta Medica 6: 93-6. (In German)
  • Schreiber, K.; Ronsch, H. 1960. Recent investigations of the chemistry and biochemistry of the alkaloids of Solanum dulcamara L. (In German)
  • Seithe, A. 1962. Die Haararten der Gattung Solanum L. und ihre taxonomische Verwertung. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 81: 261-336. (In German)
  • Sharma, B. D. 1974. Contribution to the palynotaxonomy of genus Solanum Linn. J. Palynol. 10(1): 51-68.
  • Sherburne, J. A. 1972. Effects of seasonal changes in the abundance and chemistry of the fleshy fruits of northeastern woody shrubs on patterns of exploitation by frugivorous birds. Ph.D. Dissertation Cornell University, Ithaca, NY157 p.
  • Smith, A. J. 1975. Invasion and ecesis of bird-disseminated woody plants in a temperate forest sere. Ecology 56(1): 19-34.
  • Symon, D. E. 1987. Placentation patterns and seed numbers in Solanum (Solancaceae) fruits. J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 10(2): 179-99.
  • Symon, D. E. 1996. On dividing up the genus Solanum. Solanaceae Newsl. 4: 39-40. (Abstract)
  • Tetenyi, P.; Bernath, J.; Vo-Hong, N. 1977. Steroid alkaloids in Solanum dulcamara populations. Herba Hung. 16: 55-60.
  • Thomson, C. E.; Witt, W. W. 1987. Germination of cutleaf groundcherry (Physalis angulata), smooth groundcherry (Physalis virginiana), and eastern black nightshade (Solanum ptycanthum). Weed Science 35: 58-62.
  • Weese, T. L.; Bohs, L. 2007. A three-gene phylogeny of the genus Solanum (Solanaceae). Syst. Bot. 32: 445-463.