Genus: Clintonia

By Science Staff

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 03/20/2013

Back to Convallariaceae


Clintonia Rafinesque, Amer. Monthly Mag. & Crit. Rev. 2: 266. 1818.

List of Clintonia Species

References to Clintonia

  • Barrett, S. C. H. 1982. Breeding systems and flowering phenology of boreal forest herbs. Bot. Soc. Amer., Misc. Publ. 162: 28.
  • Barrett, S. C. H.; Helenurm, K. 1987. The reproductive biology of boreal forest herbs I. Breeding systems and pollination. Canad. J. Bot. 65: 2036-2046.
  • Carter, A. 1892. Notes on pollination. Bot. Gaz. 17: 19-22.
  • Carter, C. R. 1968. Variations in populations of Clintonia borealis (Ait.) Raf. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 95: 305-309.
  • Hayashi, K. 2001. Molecular systematics in the genus Clintonia and related taxa based on rcbL and matK gene sequence data. Pl. Spec. Biol. 16: 119-137.
  • Helenurm, K.; Barrett, S. C. H. 1987. The reproductive biology of boreal forest herbs II. Phenology of flowering and fruiting. Canad. J. Bot. 65: 2047-2056.
  • Kato, H. 1995. Molecular systematics of the Trilliaceae sensu lato as inferred from rbcL sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 4: 184-193.
  • Lapointe, L. 2010. Impact of growth and carbohydrate reserves on tolerance to simulated herbivory and subsequent recovery in Liliaceae. Amer. J. Bot. 97: 913-924.
  • Malloch, D.; Malloch, B. 1981. The mycorrhizal status of boreal plants: species from northeastern Ontario. Canad. J. Bot. 59: 2167-72.
  • Paratley, R. D. 1986. Vegetation-environment relations in a conifer swamp in central New York. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 113: 357-371.
  • Piper, J. K. 1986. Germination and growth of bird-dispersed plants effects of seed size and light on seedling vigor and biomass allocation. Amer. J. Bot. 73: 959-965.
  • Sobey, D. G.; Barkhouse, P. 1977. The structure and rate of growth of the rhizomes of some forest herbs and dwarf shrubs of the New Brunswick-Nova Scotia border region. Canad. Field-Naturalist 91: 377-83.
  • Thaler, G. R.; Plowright, R. C. 1980. The effect of aerial insecticide spraying for spruce budworm control on the fecundity of entomophilous plants in New Brunswick. Canad. J. Bot. 58: 2022-2027.
  • Utech, F. H. 1973. A biosystematic study of the genus Clintonia Raf. (Liliaceae: Polygonatae). Ph.D. Thesis Washington Univ.,
  • Utech, F. H. 1975. Biosystematic studies in Clintonia (Liliaceae: Polygonatae) III. Cytogeography, chromosome numbers and chromosome morphology of the North American species of Clintonia. Cytologia 40: 765-786.
  • Whitney, G. G. 1984. The reproductive biology of raspberries and plant-pollinator community structure. Amer. J. Bot. 71: 887-894. (Also Prunus, Uvularia)
  • Widden, P. 1996. The morphology of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae in Clintonia borealis and Medeola virginiana. Canad. J. Bot. 74: 679-685.