Genus: Frangula

By Steven D. Glenn

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 02/06/2013

Back to Rhamnaceae



List of Frangula Species

References to Frangula

  • Bolmgren, K.; Oxelman, B. 2004. Generic limits in Rhamnus L. s.l. (Rhamnaceae) inferred from nuclear and chloroplast DNA sequence phylogenies. Taxon 53: 383-390.
  • Brizicky, George K. 1964. The genera of Rhamnaceae in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 45: 439-63.
  • Brown, W. T. 2001. Volunteer monitoring of nonindigenous invasive plant species in the Adirondack Park, New York, USA. Natural Areas Journal 21: 189-196.
  • Burnham, K. M.; Lee, T. D. 2010. Canopy gaps facilitate establishment, growth, and reproduction of invasive Frangula alnus in a Tsuga canadensis dominated forest. Biological Invasions 12: 1509-1520.
  • Catling, P. M.; Porebski, Z. S. 1994. The history of invasion and current status of glossy buckthorn, Rhamnus frangula, in southern Ontario. Canad. Field-Naturalist 108: 305-310.
  • Converse, C. K. 1984. Rhamnus cathartica and Rhamnus frangula.
  • Cunard, C.; Lee, T. D. 2009. Is patience a virtue? Succession, light, and the death of invasive glossy buckthorn (Frangula alnus). Biological Invasions 11: 577-586.
  • Dugal, A. W. 1989. Unusual forms of the black buckthorn (Rhamnus frangula) in Ottawa-Carleton. Trail & Landscape 23: 119-121.
  • Frappier, B.; Eckert, R. T.; Lee, T. D. 2003. Potential impacts of the invasive exotic shrub Rhamnus frangula L. (glossy buckthorn) on forests of southern New Hampshire. Northeastern Naturalist 10: 277-296.
  • Frappier, B.; Eckert, R. T.; Lee, T. D. 2004. Experimental removal of the non-indigenous shrub Rhamnus frangula (Glossy Buckthorn): effects on native herbs and woody seedlings. Northeastern Naturalist 11: 333-342.
  • Glenn, Steven D. 1995. Bumblebees (Bombus sp.) visiting flowers of Buckthorn Rhamnus frangula L.
  • Godwin, H. 1943. Frangula alnus Mill. (Rhamnus frangula L.). J. Ecol. 31: 77-92.
  • Heidorn, R. 1991. Vegetation management guideline: Exotic buckthorns- common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica L.), glossy buckthorn (Rhamnus frangula L.), Dahurian buckthorn (Rhamnus davurica Pall.). Natural Areas Journal 11: 216-7.
  • Herron, P.M. 2007. Invasive plants and their ecological strategies: prediction and explanation of woody plant invasion in New England. Diversity and Distributions 13: 633-644.
  • Howell, J. A.; Blackwell, W. H. 1977. The history of Rhamnus frangula (Glossy Buckthorn) in the Ohio flora. Castanea 42: 111-5.
  • Krock, S. L.; Williams, C. E. 2002. Allelopathic potential of the alien shrub glossy buckthorn, Rhamnus frangula L: A laboratory bioassay. J. Pennsylvania Acad. Sci. 76: 17-21.
  • Possessky, S. L.; Williams, C. E.; Moriarity, W. J. 2000. Glossy buckthorn, Rhamnus frangula L.: a threat to riparian plant communities of the northern Allegheny Plateau (U.S.A.). Natural Areas Journal 20: 290-292.
  • Post, T. W.; McCloskey, E.; Klick, K. F. 1989. Two-year study of fire effects on Rhamnus frangula L. Natural Areas Journal 9: 175-176.
  • Reinartz, J. A. 1997. Controlling glossy buckthorn (Rhamnus frangula L.) with winter herbicide treatments of cut stumps. Natural Areas Journal 17: 38-41.
  • Risnes, E. 1980. Is glossy buckthorn, Rhamnus frangula, an overlooked honey plant? Birokteren 96: 136-139.
  • Sinclair, A. 1999. The value of cutting in the management of glossy buckthorn (Rhamnus frangula L.). Wetland Journal 11: 25-27.
  • SouÞges, R. 1941. Embryogenie des Rhamnacees. Developpement de l'embryon chez le Rhamnus frangula L. Compt. Rend. Hebd. Seances Acad. Sci. 213: 39-41.