New York Metropolitan Flora

Genus: Pennisetum

By Science Staff

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 09/20/2012

Back to Poaceae


Pennisetum Rich., Syn. Pl. 1. 72. 1805.

A recent molecular investigation suggests that Pennisetum be subsumed into Cenchrus- see Chemisquy, M. A. et al., 2010. Ann. Bot. 106:107-130.

List of Pennisetum Species

References to Pennisetum

  • Donadio, S. 2009. A preliminary molecular phylogeny of Pennisetum and Cenchrus (Poaceae-Paniceae) based on the trnL-F, rpl16 chloroplast markers. Taxon 58: 392-404.
  • Doust, A. N. 2007. Congruence, conflict, and polyploidization shown by nuclear and chlorplast markers in the monophyletic "bristle clade" (Paniceae, Panicoideae, Poaceae). Syst. Bot. 32: 531-544.
  • Kellogg, E. A. 2009. A phylogeny of Setaria (Poaceae, Panicoideae, Paniceae) and related genera based on the chloroplast gene ndhF. Int. J. Plant Sci. 170: 117-131.
  • Martel, E. 2004. Chromosome evolution of Pennisetum species (Poaceae): implications of ITS phylogeny. Pl. Syst. Evol. 249: 139-149.

General Discussion

Pennisetum alopecuroides (L.) Spreng. (a southeast Asian species commonly used as an ornamental) and Pennisetum ciliare (L.) Link (native from Africa to southern Asia) each have a couple of reports of adventive specimens in our area. Further research is need to clarify the occurrence of these taxa in our flora.