Genus: Alliaria

By Science Staff

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 01/25/2013

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Alliaria Heister ex Fabricius, Enum., 161. 1759.

List of Alliaria Species

References to Alliaria

  • Anderson, R. C. 1996. Aspects of the ecology of an invasive plant, garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata), in Central Illinois. Restoration Ecol. 4: 181-191.
  • Anderson, R. C.; Kelley, T. M. 1995. Growth of garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata) in native soils of different acidity. Trans. Illinois State Acad. Sci. 88: 91-96.
  • Barto, E. K. 2010. How novel are the chemical waepons of garlic mustard in North American forest understories? Biological Invasions 12: 3465-3471.
  • Bartuszevige, A. M. 2007. Effects of leaf litter on establishment, growth and survival of invasive plant seedlings in a deciduous forest. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 158: 472-477. (Alliaria petiolata & Lonicera maackii)
  • Baskin, J. M.; Baskin, C. C. 1992. Seed germination biology of the weedy biennial Alliaria petiolata. Natural Areas Journal 12: 191-197.
  • Blossey, B. 2001. Developing biological control of Alliaria petiolata (M. Bieb.) Cavara and Grande (garlic mustard). Natural Areas Journal 21: 357-367.
  • Bossdorf, O. 2004. Palatability and tolerance to simulated herbivory in native and introduced populations of Alliaria petiolata (Brassicaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 91: 856-862.
  • Brown, W. T. 2001. Volunteer monitoring of nonindigenous invasive plant species in the Adirondack Park, New York, USA. Natural Areas Journal 21: 189-196.
  • Burke, D. J. 2008. Effects of Alliaria petiolata (Garlic Mustard; Brassicaceae) on mycorrhizal colonization and community structure in three herbaceous plants in a mixed deciduous forest. Amer. J. Bot. 95: 1416-1425.
  • Burls, K.; McClaugherty, C. 2008. Landscape position influences the distribution of garlic mustard, an invasive species. Northeastern Naturalist 15: 541-556.
  • Byers, D. L.; Quinn, J. A. 1998. Demographic variation in Alliaria petiolata (Brassicaceae) in four contrasting habitats. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 125: 138-149.
  • Callaway, R. M. 2008. Novel weapons: invasive plant supresses fungal mutalists in America but not in its native Europe. Ecology 89: 1043-1055.
  • Cavers, P. B. 1979. The biology of Canadian weeds. 35. Alliaria petiolata (M. Bieb.) Cavara and Grande. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 59: 217-229.
  • Cipollini, D. 2002. Variation in the expression of chemical defences in Alliaria petiolata (Brassicaceae) in the field and common garden. Amer. J. Bot. 89: 1422-1430.
  • Cipollini, D. 2008. Contrasting effects of allelochemicals from two invasive plants on the performance of a nonmycorrhizal plant. Int. J. Plant Sci. 169: 371-375. (Alliaria petiolata & Lonicera maackii)
  • Cipollini, K. A. 2008. Separating above- and belowground effects of Alliaria petiolata and Lonicera maackii on the performance of Impatiens capensis. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 160: 117-128.
  • Cruden, R. W.; McClain, A. M.; Shrivastava, G. P. 1996. Pollination biology and breeding system of Alliaria petiolata (Brassicaceae). Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 123: 273-280.
  • Dhillion, S. S.; Anderson, R. C. 1999. Growth and photosynthetic response of first-year garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata) to varied irradiance. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 126: 9-14.
  • Hewins, D. B.; Hyatt, L. A. 2010. Flexible N uptake and assimilation mechanisms may assist biological invasion by Alliaria petiolata. Biological Invasions 12: 2639-2647.
  • Huebner, C. D. 2003. Vulnerability of oak-dominated forests in West Virginia to invasive exotic plants: temporal and spatial patterns of nine exotic species using herbarium records and land classification data. Castanea 68: 1-14.
  • Koch, M.; Mummenhoff, K 2001. Thlaspi s.str. (Brassicaceae) versus Thlaspi s.l.: Morphological and anatomical characters in the light of ITS nrDNA sequence data. Pl. Syst. Evol. 227: 209-225.
  • Lankau, R. 2010. Soil microbial communities alter allelopathic competition between Alliaria petiolata and a native species. Biological Invasions 12: 2059-2068.
  • Luken, J. O.; Shea, M. 2000. Repeated prescribed burning at Dinsmore Woods State Nature Preserve (Kentucky, USA): Responses of the understory community. Natural Areas Journal 20: 150-158.
  • McCarthy, B. C.; Hanson, S. L. 1998. An assessment of the allelopathic potential of the invasive weed Alliaria petiolata (Brassicaceae). Castanea 63: 68-73.
  • Meekins, J. F. 2001. Effect of environmental variation on the invasive success of a nonindigenous forest herb. Ecol. Applic. 11: 1336-1348.
  • Meekins, J. F.; Ballard, H. E.; McCarthy, B. C. 2001. Genetic variation and molecular biogegraphy of a North American invasive plant species (Alliaria petiolata, Brassicaceae). Int. J. Plant Sci. 162: 161-169.
  • Meekins, J. F.; McCarthy, B. C. 1999. Competitive ability of Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard, Brassicaceae), an invasive, nonindigenous forest herb. Int. J. Plant Sci. 160: 743-752.
  • Meekins, J. F.; McCarthy, B. C. 2002. Effect of population density on the demography of an invasive plant ({Alliaria petiolata, Brassicaceae) population in a southeastern Ohio forest. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 147: 256-278.
  • Meekins, J. F.; McCarthy, B. C. 2000. Responses of the biennial forest herb Alliaria petiolata to variation in population density, nutrient addition and light availability. J. Ecol. 88: 447-463.
  • Morrison, J. A. 2007. Ecological comparison of two co-invasive species in eastern deciduous forests: Alliaria petiolata and Microstegium vimineum. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 134: 1-17.
  • Morrison, J. A.; Brown, L. 2004. Effect of herbivore exclosure caging on the invasive plant Alliaria petiolata in three southeastern New York forests. Bartonia 62: 25-43.
  • Myers, C. V.; Anderson, R. C. 2003. Seasonal variation on photosynthetic rates influences success of an invasive plant, garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata). Amer. Midl. Naturalist 150: 231-245.
  • Myers, C. V.; Anderson, R. C.; Byers, D. L. 2005. Influence of shading on the growth and leaf photosynthesis of the invasive non-indigenous plant garlic mustard [Alliaria petiolata (M. Bieb) Cavara and Grande] grown under simulated late-winter to mid-spring conditions. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 132: 1-10.
  • Nuzzo, V. A. 1994. Response of garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata (Bieb.) Cavara and Grande) to summer herbicide treatment. Natural Areas Journal 14: 309-310.
  • Nuzzo, V. A. 1991. Experimental control of garlic mustard Alliaria petiolata in northern Illinois USA using fire, herbicide and cutting. Natural Areas Journal 11: 158-167.
  • Nuzzo, V. A. 2009. Earthworm invasion as the driving force behind plant invasion and community change in northeastern North American forests. Conserv. Biol. 23: 966-974.
  • Nuzzo, V. A.; McClain, W.; Strole, T. 1996. Fire impact on groundlayer flora in a sand forest. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 136: 207-21.
  • Pardini, E. A. 2008. Consequences of density dependence for management of a stage-structured invasive plant (Alliaria petiolata). Amer. Midl. Naturalist 160: 310-322.
  • Pisula, N. L.; Meiners, S. J. 2010. Relative allelopathic potential of invasive plant species in a young disturbed woodland. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 137: 81-87.
  • Prati, D.; Bossdorf, O. 2004. Allelopathic inhibition of germination by Alliaria petiolata (Brassicaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 91: 285-288.
  • Roberts, H. A.; Boddrell, J. E. 1983. Seed survival and periodicity of seedling emergence in 8 species of Cruciferae. Ann. Appl. Biol. 103: 301-312.
  • Roberts, K. J.; Anderson, R. C. 2001. Effect of garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata (Beib.) Cavara & Grande) extracts on plants and arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 146: 146-152.
  • Rodgers, V. L. 2008. Ready or not, garlic mustard is moving in: Alliaria petiolata as a member of eastern North American forests. Bioscience 58: 426-436.
  • Schwartz, M. W.; Heim, J. R. 1996. Effects of a prescribed fire on degraded forest vegetation. Natural Areas Journal 16: 184-191.
  • Slaughter, B. S. 2007. Response of Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) to five years of fall herbicide application in a southern Ohio deciduous forest. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 134: 18-26.
  • Smith, G. R.; Dingfelder, H. A.; Vaala, D. A. 2003. Effect of plant size and density on garlic mustard reproduction. Northeastern Naturalist 10: 269-276.
  • Susko, D. J.; Lovett Doust, J. 2000. Plant-size and fruit-position effects on reproductive allocation in Alliaria petiolata (Brassicaceae). Canad. J. Bot. 78: 1398-1407.
  • Susko, D. J.; Lovett Doust, J. 1999. Effects of resource availability, and fruit and ovule position on components of fecundity in Alliaria petiolata (Brassicaceae). New Phyt. 144: 295-306.
  • Susko, D. J.; Lovett Doust, J. 1998. Variable patterns of seed maturation and abortion in Alliaria petiolata (Brassicaceae). Canad. J. Bot. 76: 1677-1686.
  • Susko, D. J.; Lovett Doust, L. 2000. Patterns of seed mass variation and their effects on seedling traits in Alliaria petiolata (Brassicaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 87: 56-66.
  • Vaughn, S. F.; Berhow, M. A. 1999. Allelochemicals isolated from tissues of the invasive weed garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata). J. Chem. Ecol. 25: 2495-2504.
  • Webb, S. L.; Pendergast, T. H.; Dwyer, M. E. 2001. Response of native and exotic maple seedling banks to removal of the exotic, invasive Norway maple (Acer platanoides). J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 128: 141-149.
  • Welk, E.; Schubert, K.; Hoffmann, M. H. 2002. Present and potential distribution of invasive garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata) in North America. Diversity and Distributions 8: 219-233.