New York Metropolitan Flora

Genus: Castanea

Castanea dentata Castanea pumila Castanea sativa

By Steven D. Glenn

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 02/01/2013

Back to Fagaceae


Castanea Mill., Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4. 1754. LECTOTYPE: C. sativa Mill. (see Britton & A.Br., Ill. Fl. N.U.S. ed. 2. 1: 615. 1913).

[Fagus L., Sp. Pl. 997. 1753, p. p.]

Fagus Castanea Weston, Bot. Univ. 1: 107. 1770. TYPE: unknown.

Castanophorum Neck., Elem. Bot. 3: 257. 1790. TYPE: unknown.

Castanea subgen. Eucastanea Koehne, Deut. Dendrol. 121. 1893. TYPE: unknown.

Castanea sect. Eucastanea, sect. Balanocastanon & sect. Hypocastanon Dode, Bull. Soc. Dendrol. France, 1908: 140. 1908. TYPE: unknown.

List of Castanea Species

References to Castanea

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  • Anagnostakis, S. L. 1987. Chestnut blight: the classical problem of an introduced pathogen. Mycologia 79: 23-27.
  • Anagnostakis, S. L. 1996. The Chestnut Story. ()
  • Anagnostakis, S. L. 1978. The American chestnut: new hope for a fallen giant. Connecticut Agric. Exp. Sta. Bull. 777: 1-9.
  • Anagnostakis, S. L.; Hillman, B. 1992. Evolution of the chestnut tree and its blight. Arnoldia (Jamaica Plain) 52: 2-10.
  • Anderson, A. B. 1955. Recovery and utilization of tree extractives. Econ. Bot. 9(2): 108-40.
  • Beattie, R. K.; Diller, J. D. 1954. Fifty years of chestnut blight in America. J. Forest. 52: 323-9.
  • Brett, D. W. 1964. The inflorescence of Fagus and Castanea and the evolution of the cupules of the Fagaceae. New Phyt. 63: 96-117.
  • Brewer, L. G. 1995. Ecology of survival and recovery from blight in American chestnut trees (Castanea dentata (Marsh.) Borkh.) in Michigan. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 122: 40-57.
  • Brooks, A. B. 1937. Castanea dentata. Castanea 2: 61-7.
  • Carpenter, S. B.; Smith, N. D. 1975. Stomatal distribution and size in southern Appalachian hardwoods. Canad. J. Bot. 53: 1153-6.
  • Carpenter, S. B.; Smith, N. D. 1979. Variation in shade leaf thickness among urban trees growing in metropolitan Lexington, Kentucky. Castanea 44: 94-8.
  • Carter, J. C. 1975. Major tree diseases of the century. J. Arboric. 1(8): 141-7.
  • Celakovsky, L. 1890. Ueber die Cupula von Fagus und Castanea. Jahrb. Wiss. Bot. 21: 128-161. (In German)
  • Clapper, R. B. 1954. Chestnut breeding, techniques and results. I. Breeding material and pollination techniques. J. Heredity 45: 107-14.
  • Clinton, G. P. 1913. Chestnut bark disease. Connecticut Agr. Exp. Sta. Rep. 1912: 359-453.
  • Croxton, W. C. 1939. A study of the tolerance of trees to breakage by ice accumulation. Ecology 20: 71-3. (spp. table reprinted in Arborist's News 4(3):24. 1939.)
  • Dane, F. 2003. Intercontinental genetic divergence of Castanea species in eastern Asia and eastern North America. Heredity 91: 314-321.
  • Dietz, A. 1978. The use of ionizing radiation to develop a blight resistant American chestnut Castanea dentata, through induced mutations. In: Proceedings of the American Chestnut Symposium, Morgantown, WV, Jan. 4-5, 1978. West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV. , 17-20 pages.
  • Diller, J. D. 1956. Is our American chestnut developing blight resistance? Northern Nut Growers Ann. Rept. 47: 29-31.
  • Diller, J. D. 1965. Chestnut blight.
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  • Forest, H. S. 1978. The American chestnut in New York. Conservationist 33(1): 25-6. (NY Dept. Envir. Conserv., July-August)
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  • Forman, L. L. 1966. On the evolution of cupules in the Fagaceae. Kew Bull. 18: 385-419.
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  • Frascaria, N.; Maggia, L.; Michaud, M.; Bousquet, J. 1993. The rbcL gene sequence from chestnut indicates a slow rate of evolution in the Fagaceae. Genome 36: 668-71.
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  • Good, N. F.; Good, R. E. 1972. Population dynamics of tree seedlings and saplings in a mature eastern hardwood forest. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 99: 172-8.
  • Graves, A. H. 1926. The cause of the persistent development of basal shoots from blighted chestnut trees. Phytopathology 16: 615-21. (also reprinted in Brooklyn Botanic Garden Contributions No. 47. 1926)
  • Graves, A. H. 1961. Keys to chestnut species. Northern Nut Growers Ann. Rept. 52: 78-90.
  • Graves, A. H. 1918. Resistance in the American chestnut to the bark disease. Science 48: 652-3.
  • Graves, H. S. 1905. Notes on the rate of growth of red cedar, red oak, and chestnut. Forest. Quart. 3: 349-53.
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  • Grime, J. P.; Jeffrey, D. W. 1965. Seedling establishment in vertical gradients of sunlight. J. Ecol. 53(3): 621-42.
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  • Hardin, J. W.; Johnson, G. P. 1985. Atlas of foliar surface features in woody plants, VIII. Fagus and Castanea (Fagaceae) of eastern North America. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 112: 11-20.
  • Hollick, A. 1907. The chestnut disease on Staten Island. Proc. Staten Island Assoc. Arts 2: 125.
  • Huang, H.; Dane, F.; Kubisiak, T. L. 1998. Allozyme and RAPD analysis of the genetic diversity and geographic variation in wild populations of the American chestnut (Fagaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 85: 1013-1021.
  • Huntwork, J. E. 1994. The majestic American chestnut, A history and cookbook. Author, Cadillac, MI.
  • Hutchinson, A. H. 1918. Limiting factors in relation to specific ranges of tolerance of forest trees. Bot. Gaz. 66: 465-93.
  • Isenberg, I. H. 1956. Papermaking fibers. Econ. Bot. 10(2): 176-93.
  • Jackson, L. W. R.; Driver, C. H. 1969. Morphology of mycorrhizae on deciduous forest tree species. Castanea 34: 230-5.
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  • Jaynes, R. A. 1964. Interspecific crosses in the genus Castanea. Silvae Genet. 13: 146-54.
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  • Meurer-Grimes, B. 1995. New evidence for the systematic significance of acylated spermidines and flavonoids in pollen of higher Hamamelidae. Brittonia 47(2): 130-42.
  • Morris, R. T. 1914. Chestnut blight resistance. J. Heredity 5: 26-9.
  • Murrill, W. A. 1906. A serious chestnut disease. J. New York Bot. Gard. 7: 143-53.
  • Nelson, R. M. 1932. Growth and mortality of chestnut sprouts. J. Forest. 30: 872-3.
  • Okamoto, M. 1989. A comparative study of the ontogenetic development of the cupules in Castanea and Lithocarpus (Fagaceae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 168(1-2): 7-18.
  • Paillet, F. L. 1984. Growth-form and ecology of American chestnut sprout clones in northeastern Massachusetts. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 111: 316-28.
  • Paillet, F. L. 1988. Character and distribution of American chestnut sprouts in southern New England woodlands. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 115: 32-44.
  • Paillet, F. L. 1982. Ecological significance of American chestnut in the Holocene forests of Connecticut. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 109(4): 457-73.
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  • Paillet, F. L.; Rutter, P. A. 1989. Replacement of native oak and hickory tree species by the introduced American chesnut Castanea dentata in southwestern Wisconsin, USA. Canad. J. Bot. 67: 3457-69.
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  • Rowlee, W. W.; Hastings, G. T. 1898. The seeds and seedlings of some Amentiferae. Bot. Gaz. 26: 349-53.
  • Rudkin, W. H. 1880. A large chestnut tree. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 7: 81.
  • Russell, E. W. B. 1987. Pre-blight distribution of Castanea dentata (Marsh.) Borkh. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 114: 183-90.
  • Schaberg, P. G. 2009. Is nut cold tolerance a limitation to the restoration of American chestnut in the northeastern United States? Ecological Restoration 27: 266-268.
  • Schwadron, P. A. 1995. Distribution and persistence of American Chestnut sprouts, Castanea dentata (Marsh.) Borkh., in northeastern Ohio woodlands. Ohio J. Science 95: 281-288.
  • Stilwell, K. L. 2003. Heterozygote advantage in the American chestnut, Castanea dentata (Fagaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 90: 207-213.
  • Stout, A. B. 1926. Why are chestnuts self-fruitless? J. New York Bot. Gard. 27: 154-8.
  • Stout, A. B. 1928. Dichogamy in flowering plants. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 55: 141-53.
  • Sudworth, G. B. 1892. On the name of the American chestnut. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 19: 152-4.
  • Sullivan, J. 1994. Castanea pumila. ()
  • Tattar, T. A. 1996. Biocontrol of the chestnut blight fungus Cryphonectria parasitica. Arboric. J. 20: 449-469.
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  • Wang, P. L.; Chang, K. T. 1991. The pollen morphology in relation to the taxonomy and phylogeny of Fagaceae. Acta Phytotax. Sin. 29(1): 60-6. (In Chinese; English summary)
  • Willut, J.; Marks, G.; Hicks, G. 1977. Naturally occurring mature American chestnut trees in northwest Indiana. Proc. Indiana Acad. Sci. 86: 127-30.
  • Woodroof, J. G. 1979. Tree nuts: production, processing, products. AVI Publ. Co., Westport, CT. , 731 pages.
  • Woods, F. W.; Shanks, R. E. 1959. Natural replacement of chestnut in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Ecology 40: 349-61.