New York Metropolitan Flora

Genus: Castanea

Castanea dentata
Castanea pumila
Castanea sativa

By Steven D. Glenn

Not peer reviewed

Last Modified 02/01/2013

Back to Fagaceae

Nomenclature

Castanea Mill., Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4. 1754. LECTOTYPE: C. sativa Mill. (see Britton & A.Br., Ill. Fl. N.U.S. ed. 2. 1: 615. 1913).

[Fagus L., Sp. Pl. 997. 1753, p. p.]

Fagus Castanea Weston, Bot. Univ. 1: 107. 1770. TYPE: unknown.

Castanophorum Neck., Elem. Bot. 3: 257. 1790. TYPE: unknown.

Castanea subgen. Eucastanea Koehne, Deut. Dendrol. 121. 1893. TYPE: unknown.

Castanea sect. Eucastanea, sect. Balanocastanon & sect. Hypocastanon Dode, Bull. Soc. Dendrol. France, 1908: 140. 1908. TYPE: unknown.

Key to the species of Castanea

The key below should be used with caution; breeding programs have produced hybrids of C. dentata with various combinations of non-native chestnut species, identifying these hybrids are problematic at best.

1. Leaves nearly glabrous beneath (mature lvs. of C. sativa may be nearly glabrous)...Castanea dentata

1. Leaves markedly pubescent beneath...2

 

2. Shrub to small tree, less than 10 m tall…3

2. Large trees, 20-30 m tall…4

 

3. Leaves without lepidote glands beneath; solitary nut…Castanea pumila

3. Leaves with lepidote glands beneath; 2-3 nuts…Castanea crenata

 

4. Leaves without lepidote glands beneath…Castanea mollissima

4. Leaves with lepidote glands beneath…Castanea sativa

List of Castanea Species

References to Castanea

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  • Brooks, A. B. 1937. Castanea dentata. Castanea 2: 61-7.
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